How to format your references using the Quantitative Marketing and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantitative Marketing and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sloan, E. D., Jr. (2003). Fundamental principles and applications of natural gas hydrates. Nature, 426(6964), 353–363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mannhart, J., & Schlom, D. G. (2010). Oxide interfaces--an opportunity for electronics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5973), 1607–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghaffari, H. O., Nasseri, M. H. B., & Young, R. P. (2014). Faulting of rocks in a three-dimensional stress field by micro-anticracks. Scientific reports, 4, 5011.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wada, M., Suzuki, M., Takaki, A., Miyao, M., Spence, C., & Kansaku, K. (2014). Spatio-temporal processing of tactile stimuli in autistic children. Scientific reports, 4, 5985.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fabozzi, F. J. (2009). Institutional Investment Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cherry, S. R. (2006). PET: Physics, Instrumentation, and Scanners. (M. Dahlbom & M. E. Phelps, Eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vordermeier, M., Jones, G. J., Sampson, S., & Gordon, S. V. (2013). Post-genomic Antigen Discovery: Bioinformatical Approaches to Reveal Novel T Cell Antigens of Mycobacterium bovis. In D. R. Flower & Y. Perrie (Eds.), Immunomic Discovery of Adjuvants and Candidate Subunit Vaccines (pp. 73–90). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantitative Marketing and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 6). Researchers Are Developing A Portable HIV DNA Test. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Training and Education Programs for Civilian Employees in the Federal Government (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McElhoes, J. L. (2017). Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2014, March 16). Classy Comfort Food in Relaxed Settings. New York Times, p. LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sloan 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Mannhart and Schlom 2010; Sloan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mannhart and Schlom 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Wada et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantitative Marketing and Economics
AbbreviationQuant. Mark. Econ.
ISSN (print)1570-7156
ISSN (online)1573-711X
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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