How to format your references using the Quantitative Marketing and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantitative Marketing and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Witze, A. (2015). Meteorology: California study targets rivers in the sky. Nature, 517(7535), 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, K., & Kaufman, R. J. (2008). From endoplasmic-reticulum stress to the inflammatory response. Nature, 454(7203), 455–462.
A journal article with 3 authors
Venditti, C., Meade, A., & Pagel, M. (2011). Multiple routes to mammalian diversity. Nature, 479(7373), 393–396.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Juengst, E. T., Binstock, R. H., Mehlman, M. J., & Post, S. G. (2003). Aging. Antiaging research and the need for public dialogue. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5611), 1323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, D. W. (2014). Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yazici, M. (Ed.). (2011). Non-Idiopathic Spine Deformities in Young Children. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Melnikov, S. P., Sizov, A. N., Sinyanskii, A. A., & Miley, G. H. (2015). Lasing Mechanisms and Kinetic Models of NPLs. In A. A. Sinyanskii, A. N. Sizov, & G. H. Miley (Eds.), Lasers with Nuclear Pumping (pp. 143–182). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantitative Marketing and Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 24). Two Lions Were Shot Dead After A Naked Man Tried To Feed Himself To Them. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Data Processing Costs Can Be Reduced at Army and Air Force Exchange Service (No. AFMD-83-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchins, M. G. (2017). Domain Disparity: Informing the Debate between Domain-General and Domain-Specific Information Processing in Working Memory (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., & Baker, A. L. (2016, October 7). A Mother Slain on a Playground, a Sea of Witnesses Gone Silent. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Witze 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Witze 2015; Zhang and Kaufman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Kaufman 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Juengst et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantitative Marketing and Economics
AbbreviationQuant. Mark. Econ.
ISSN (print)1570-7156
ISSN (online)1573-711X
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles