How to format your references using the Quantitative Marketing and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantitative Marketing and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, K. (2006). Personal finance. So what should you invest in? Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5792), 1456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hittinger, C. T., & Carroll, S. B. (2007). Gene duplication and the adaptive evolution of a classic genetic switch. Nature, 449(7163), 677–681.
A journal article with 3 authors
Samokhvalov, A. V., Shekhter, R. I., & Buzdin, A. I. (2014). Stimulation of a singlet superconductivity in SFS weak links by spin-exchange scattering of cooper pairs. Scientific reports, 4, 5671.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Speer, N. J., Tang, S.-J., Miller, T., & Chiang, T.-C. (2006). Coherent electronic fringe structure in incommensurate silver-silicon quantum wells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 804–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Howe, T. R. (2011). Marriages & Families in the 21st Century. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Oosterom, P. van, Zlatanova, S., Penninga, F., & Fendel, E. M. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in 3D Geoinformation Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fuentes, R., Gómez-Sanz, J. J., & Pavón, J. (2006). Requirements Elicitation for Agent-Based Applications. In J. P. Müller & F. Zambonelli (Eds.), Agent-Oriented Software Engineering VI: 6th International Workshop, AOSE 2005, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 25, 2005. Revised and Invited Papers (pp. 40–53). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantitative Marketing and Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 29). This Sri Lankan Newspaper REPELS Mosquitoes. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Use of Remanufactured Parts in the Federal Vehicle Fleet Is Based On a Variety of Factors (No. GAO-13-316R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Park, K.-S. (2006). Transcriptional Regulation In The Respiratory Epithelium During Development And Repair (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2005, November 8). Two Convicts From Abroad Win Hearing By Justices. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hittinger and Carroll 2007; Robinson 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hittinger and Carroll 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Speer et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantitative Marketing and Economics
AbbreviationQuant. Mark. Econ.
ISSN (print)1570-7156
ISSN (online)1573-711X
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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