How to format your references using the Quantitative Marketing and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantitative Marketing and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldiss, B. (2000). Cognitive ability and the light bulb. Nature, 403(6767), 253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gudmundsson, A., & Mohajeri, N. (2013). Entropy and order in urban street networks. Scientific reports, 3, 3324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chan, C. M., Zhou, C., & Huang, R. H. (2009). Reconstituting bacterial RNA repair and modification in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5950), 247.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lin, J., Heo, Y.-U., Nattestad, A., Sun, Z., Wang, L., Kim, J. H., & Dou, S. X. (2014). 3D hierarchical rutile TiO2 and metal-free organic sensitizer producing dye-sensitized solar cells 8.6% conversion efficiency. Scientific reports, 4, 5769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Micouin, P. (2014). Model-Based Systems Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eiseltová, M. (Ed.). (2010). Restoration of Lakes, Streams, Floodplains, and Bogs in Europe: Principles and Case Studies (Vol. 3). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Favari, E., Chroni, A., Tietge, U. J. F., Zanotti, I., Escolà-Gil, J. C., & Bernini, F. (2015). Cholesterol Efflux and Reverse Cholesterol Transport. In A. von Eckardstein & D. Kardassis (Eds.), High Density Lipoproteins: From Biological Understanding to Clinical Exploitation (pp. 181–206). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantitative Marketing and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 28). Dutch Architects Create A Habitable Windmill That Could Power A City. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). The National Direct Student Loan Program Requires More Attention by the Office of Education and Participating Institutions (No. HRD-77-109). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, J. A. (2011). Demobilizing the Minors: Examining Compliance with International Child Soldiering Laws (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Angelos, J. (2017, October 10). The Prophet. New York Times, p. MM46.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aldiss 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Aldiss 2000; Gudmundsson and Mohajeri 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gudmundsson and Mohajeri 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantitative Marketing and Economics
AbbreviationQuant. Mark. Econ.
ISSN (print)1570-7156
ISSN (online)1573-711X
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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