How to format your references using the Quantitative Marketing and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Quantitative Marketing and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scudellari, M. (2014). Drug development: try and try again. Nature, 516(7529), S4-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zamore, P. D., & Haley, B. (2005). Ribo-gnome: the big world of small RNAs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5740), 1519–1524.
A journal article with 3 authors
Toyoshima, C., Nomura, H., & Tsuda, T. (2004). Lumenal gating mechanism revealed in calcium pump crystal structures with phosphate analogues. Nature, 432(7015), 361–368.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Muto, J., Lee, H., Lee, H., Uwaya, A., Park, J., Nakajima, S., et al. (2014). Oral administration of inosine produces antidepressant-like effects in mice. Scientific reports, 4, 4199.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moorhouse, M., & Barry, P. (2005). Bioinformatics Biocomputing and Perl. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Audet, C., Hansen, P., & Savard, G. (Eds.). (2005). Essays and Surveys in Global Optimization. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Roli, A., Manfroni, M., Pinciroli, C., & Birattari, M. (2011). On the Design of Boolean Network Robots. In C. D. Chio, S. Cagnoni, C. Cotta, M. Ebner, A. Ekárt, A. I. Esparcia-Alcázar, et al. (Eds.), Applications of Evolutionary Computation: EvoApplications 2011: EvoCOMPLEX, EvoGAMES, EvoIASP, EvoINTELLIGENCE, EvoNUM, and EvoSTOC, Torino, Italy, April 27-29, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 43–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Quantitative Marketing and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 2). What’s The Most Dangerous Place On Earth? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Child Support Enforcement: Leadership Essential to Implementing Effective Automated Systems (No. T-AIMD-97-162). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, Y. (2010). Long-Term Effects of Higher-Quality Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Children on Their Later Development and Resilience (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartman, S. (2015, May 15). Love, Redeployed. New York Times, p. MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scudellari 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Scudellari 2014; Zamore and Haley 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zamore and Haley 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Muto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleQuantitative Marketing and Economics
AbbreviationQuant. Mark. Econ.
ISSN (print)1570-7156
ISSN (online)1573-711X
Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles