How to format your references using the Restoration Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Restoration Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans DAD (2006) Proterozoic low orbital obliquity and axial-dipolar geomagnetic field from evaporite palaeolatitudes. Nature 444:51–55
A journal article with 2 authors
Waitukaitis SR, Jaeger HM (2012) Impact-activated solidification of dense suspensions via dynamic jamming fronts. Nature 487:205–209
A journal article with 3 authors
Scales SJ, Finley MF, Scheller RH (2001) Cell biology. Fusion without SNAREs? Science (New York, N.Y.) 294:1015–1016
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Li Y et al. (2008) Matching glass-forming ability with the density of the amorphous phase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 322:1816–1819

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown C (2012) Mastering Elliott Wave Principle. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Omodeo EG, Policriti A, eds. (2016) Martin Davis on Computability, Computational Logic, and Mathematical Foundations. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Silanikove N (2008) Milk Lipoprotein Membranes and Their Imperative Enzymes. In: Bioactive Components of Milk. Bösze, Z, editor. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Springer, New York, NY pp. 143–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Restoration Ecology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) What’s The Truth Behind This ‘13-Pound Monster Frog’ Photo? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Further Improvement Needed in the Management of Magnetic Tapes by Goddard Space Flight Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dobson EC (2012) Elizabeth C. Dobson Consulting and Design: A business plan for aging-in-place resources. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Nationals Stage a Late Comeback, Perhaps Exorcising Some Demons. New York Times, October 8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Evans 2006; Waitukaitis & Jaeger 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waitukaitis & Jaeger 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRestoration Ecology
AbbreviationRestor. Ecol.
ISSN (online)1526-100X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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