How to format your references using the Restoration Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Restoration Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brouwer PW (2012) Physics. Enter the Majorana fermion. Science (New York, N.Y.) 336:989–990
A journal article with 2 authors
Carr JS, Najita JR (2008) Organic molecules and water in the planet formation region of young circumstellar disks. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319:1504–1506
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstner W, Sprekeler H, Deco G (2012) Theory and simulation in neuroscience. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338:60–65
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Kaeberlein M, Steffen KK, Hu D, Dang N, Kerr EO, Tsuchiya M, Fields S, Kennedy BK (2006) Comment on ‘HST2 mediates SIR2-independent life-span extension by calorie restriction’. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312:1312; author reply 1312

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Braudeau E, Assi AT, Mohtar RH (2016) Hydrostructural Pedology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ferrer E, Montlaur A, eds. (2015) CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Hoenicke J, Podelski A (2015) Fairness for Infinitary Control. In: Correct System Design: Symposium in Honor of Ernst-Rüdiger Olderog on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Oldenburg, Germany, September 8-9, 2015, Proceedings. Meyer, R, Platzer, A, & Wehrheim, H, editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Springer International Publishing, Cham pp. 33–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Restoration Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Rosetta Scientists Unveil The Source Of Ice And Dust Jets On Comet 67P. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Undergraduate Helicopter Pilot Training: Consolidation Could Yield Significant Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Helgoe CA (2008) The impact of federal policy on teachers’ use of science manipulatives: A survey of teacher philosophy and practices. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Steel E (2017) HBO Assesses Cyberattack Damage. New York Times, August 3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brouwer 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brouwer 2012; Carr & Najita 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carr & Najita 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaeberlein et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRestoration Ecology
AbbreviationRestor. Ecol.
ISSN (online)1526-100X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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