How to format your references using the Restoration Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Restoration Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reitz SR (2007) Ecology. Invasion of the whiteflies. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318:1733–1734
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsson J, Payne DN (2011) Physics. High-power fiber lasers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332:921–922
A journal article with 3 authors
Yamashita T, Hige T, Takahashi T (2005) Vesicle endocytosis requires dynamin-dependent GTP hydrolysis at a fast CNS synapse. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307:124–127
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Kennedy AR, Klett J, Mulvey RE, Wright DS (2009) Synergic sedation of sensitive anions: alkali-mediated zincation of cyclic ethers and ethene. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326:706–708

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schneider HJ (2013) Wittgenstein’s Later Theory of Meaning. John Wiley & Sons Inc., Chichester, UK
An edited book
Coluccia G (2015) Compressed Sensing for Distributed Systems. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Inman AG, Tummala-Narra P (2014) Immigration and Human Rights. In: Handbook of Race-Ethnicity and Gender in Psychology. Miville, ML & Ferguson, AD, editors. Springer, New York, NY pp. 87–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Restoration Ecology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Cheaper, More Compact Particle Accelerators Are A Step Closer. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Improvements Needed in General Automated Data Processing Controls at the National Finance Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres-Partida A (2014) Bridging the gap between faith based leaders and mental health professionals. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Need Milk? Too Bad. Maybe a Thong? New York Times, May 27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reitz 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Reitz 2007; Nilsson & Payne 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nilsson & Payne 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Kennedy et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleRestoration Ecology
AbbreviationRestor. Ecol.
ISSN (online)1526-100X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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