How to format your references using the Restoration Ecology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Restoration Ecology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marder TB (2006) Chemistry. Boron goes on the attack. Science (New York, N.Y.) 314:69–70
A journal article with 2 authors
Temmerman S, Kirwan ML (2015) NATURAL HAZARDS. Building land with a rising sea. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349:588–589
A journal article with 3 authors
Jin J, Ouyang Z, Wang Z (2014) Association of fruit and vegetables with the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer: evidence from a meta-analysis. Scientific reports 4:5229
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Yamamoto F et al. (2014) An integrative evolution theory of histo-blood group ABO and related genes. Scientific reports 4:6601

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews GG (2002) Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA
An edited book
Catarci T, Ferro N, Poggi A, eds. (2014) Bridging Between Cultural Heritage Institutions: 9th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2013, Rome, Italy, January 31–February 1, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chou C-J, Conley C (2009) Engaging Experience: A New Perspective of User Experience with Physical Products. In: Human Centered Design: First International Conference, HCD 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009 Proceedings. Kurosu, M, editor. Lecture Notes in Computer Science Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Restoration Ecology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Why Do So Many People Sneeze When They Look At The Sun? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Statistical Agencies: Proposed Consolidation and Data Sharing Legislation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seefried VI (2010) Timely and accurate decision-making during U.S. public health emergencies: Incremental Dynamic Decision-making (IDD) for public health emergency response. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2006) School Chief, Never Accused, Quits After Scandal. New York Times, October 21

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marder 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Marder 2006; Temmerman & Kirwan 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Temmerman & Kirwan 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamamoto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRestoration Ecology
AbbreviationRestor. Ecol.
ISSN (online)1526-100X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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