How to format your references using the Review of Religious Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Religious Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Prather, Michael J. 2003. Atmospheric science. An environmental experiment with H2? Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 581–582.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, Zu-Guo, and Chun-Ting Zhang. 2013. A proposal for a novel impact factor as an alternative to the JCR impact factor. Scientific reports 3: 3410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuwamura, Tetsuo, Tatsuru Kadota, and Shohei Suzuki. 2014. Testing the low-density hypothesis for reversed sex change in polygynous fish: experiments in Labroides dimidiatus. Scientific reports 4: 4369.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lu, Kun, Xiao Heng, Lianko Garyu, Sarah Monti, Eric L. Garcia, Siarhei Kharytonchyk, Bilguujin Dorjsuren, et al. 2011. NMR detection of structures in the HIV-1 5’-leader RNA that regulate genome packaging. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 242–245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Piantadosi, Steven. 2005. Clinical Trials: A Methodologic Perspective. Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chawla, Nikhilesh. 2013. Metal Matrix Composites. Edited by Krishan K. Chawla. 2nd ed. 2013. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Irfan Rafique, Muhammad, Marco Porsch, and Thomas Bauschert. 2011. Simple Modifications in HWMP for Wireless Mesh Networks with Smart Antennas. In Energy-Aware Communications: 17th International Workshop, EUNICE 2011, Dresden, Germany, September 5-7, 2011. Proceedings, ed. Ralf Lehnert, 21–30. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Religious Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, Kristy. 2015. Dog Sniffs Out Thyroid Cancer In Urine Samples. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 9.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Taxpayer Information: Options Exist to Enable Data Sharing Between IRS and USCIS but Each Presents Challenges. GAO-06-100. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Akiyama, Kariann M. 2017. Taste Detection in Post-Laryngectomy Head and Neck Cancer Survivors and Its Effect on Dietary Intake and Malnutrition Status. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. 2010. Man Of Steel Lands On the iPhone. New York Times, June 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Prather 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Prather 2003; Yang and Zhang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zhang 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Religious Research
AbbreviationRev. Relig. Res.
ISSN (print)0034-673X
ISSN (online)2211-4866
Religious studies

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