How to format your references using the Stem Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Roelfsema PR. Do neurons predict the future? Science 2002;295:227.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Lucht M, Rosskopf D. Comment on “Genetically determined differences in learning from errors.” Science 2008;321:200; author reply 200.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
McKinnon L, Nol E, Juillet C. Arctic-nesting birds find physiological relief in the face of trophic constraints. Sci Rep 2013;3:1816.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Jefferis GS, Marin EC, Stocker RF, et al. Target neuron prespecification in the olfactory map of Drosophila. Nature 2001;414:204–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Balakrishnan N, Koutras MV. Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2001.
An edited book
1
Gervasi O, Murgante B, Misra S, et al., editors. Computational Science and Its Applications -- ICCSA 2015: 15th International Conference, Banff, AB, Canada, June 22-25, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. vol. 9156. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dedova A, Petrucci L. From Code to Coloured Petri Nets: Modelling Guidelines. In: Koutny M, Aalst WMP van der, Yakovlev A, eds. Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VIII, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013:71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Eye Drops Could Cure Cataracts – And Long-Sightedness. IFLScience 2015. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/eye-drops-could-cure-cataracts-and-long-sightedness/ Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Federal Grants to New Jersey. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Emenyonu NI. Barriers to HIV care in rural Uganda. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Branch J. Ready to Jump In If Needed (Not Likely). New York Times 2016:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells
AbbreviationStem Cells
ISSN (print)1066-5099
ISSN (online)1549-4918
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
Molecular Medicine

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