How to format your references using the Stem Cells citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cells. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Jasanoff S. Genome-sequencing anniversary. A living constitution. Science 2011;331:872.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Wu Y, Marsh JW. Selective transcription and modulation of resting T cell activity by preintegrated HIV DNA. Science 2001;293:1503–1506.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Gilchrist A, Resch KJ, White AG. Quantum information: source of triggered entangled photon pairs? Nature 2007;445:E4-5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Weaver AJ, Saenko OA, Clark PU, et al. Meltwater pulse 1A from Antarctica as a trigger of the Bølling-Allerød warm interval. Science 2003;299:1709–1713.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Reiss E, Shadomy HJ, Lyon GM III. Fundamental Medical Mycology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
1
Klinov P, Mouromtsev D, editors. Knowledge Engineering and the Semantic Web: 4th International Conference, KESW 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, October 7-9, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 394. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Duindam V, Macchelli A, Stramigioli S, et al. Infinite-Dimensional Port-Hamiltonian Systems. In: Macchelli A, Stramigioli S, Bruyninckx H, eds. Modeling and Control of Complex Physical Systems: The Port-Hamiltonian Approach, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009:211–271.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cells.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Humanity Is In The Existential Danger Zone, Study Confirms. IFLScience 2015. Available at https://www.iflscience.com/environment/humanity-existential-danger-zone-study-confirms/ Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Food Assistance: Processing of USDA Commodities Donated to the National School Lunch Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Best ML. Assistant Principals and Reform: A Socialization Paradox? Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Schilling MK. Wild Kingdom. New York Times 2017:M2138.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cells
AbbreviationStem Cells
ISSN (print)1066-5099
ISSN (online)1549-4918
ScopeCell Biology
Developmental Biology
Molecular Medicine

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