How to format your references using the Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gintis, Herbert (2008) ‘Behavior. Punishment and cooperation’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5868), 1345–1346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pérez-Gussinyé, M. and Watts, A. B. (2005) ‘The long-term strength of Europe and its implications for plate-forming processes’, Nature 436(7049), 381–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulthard, Graeme, Erb, William and Aggarwal, Varinder K. (2012) ‘Stereocontrolled organocatalytic synthesis of prostaglandin PGF2α in seven steps’, Nature 489(7415), 278–281.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, Yusong, Wang, Faxing, Liu, Lili, et al. (2013) ‘Cheap glass fiber mats as a matrix of gel polymer electrolytes for lithium ion batteries’, Scientific reports 3, 3187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2007) Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-startup Safety Reviews. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Moore, Melissa and Moore, Robert S. (eds) (2015) New Meanings for Marketing in a New Millennium: Proceedings of the 2001 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sanna, Antonello and Monni, Giuseppina (2015) ‘Recovery and Reuse of the Architectural and Urban Heritage of Carbonia, a 20th-Century Company Town. Materials for a Handbook’, in L. Toniolo, M. Boriani, and G. Guidi (eds) Built Heritage: Monitoring Conservation Management, pp. 55–67. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin (2016) ‘AI Repeatedly Beats Colonel In Aerial Combat Simulations’, IFLScience, Available from: (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) High Risk Series: Guaranteed Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendricks-Harris, Mary Therese (2012) ‘Quality Induction: The Effects of Comprehensive Induction on New Teacher Retention and Job Satisfaction’, Doctoral dissertation. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams (2012) ‘Untouchable Pensions May Be Tested in California’, New York Times, 17th March.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gintis, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gintis, 2008; Pérez-Gussinyé & Watts, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pérez-Gussinyé & Watts, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Coulthard, Erb & Aggarwal, 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhu, Wang, Liu, et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization
AbbreviationOrganization (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1350-5084
ISSN (online)1461-7323
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles