How to format your references using the Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Primavera, Jurgenne H. (2005) ‘Global voices of science: Mangroves, fishponds, and the quest for sustainability’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 310(5745), 57–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boesz, Christine and Lloyd, Nigel (2008) ‘Collaborations: investigating international misconduct’, Nature 452(7188), 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugrue, Leo P., Corrado, Greg S. and Newsome, William T. (2004) ‘Matching behavior and the representation of value in the parietal cortex’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 304(5678), 1782–1787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paschen, Stefan A., Waizenegger, Thomas, Stan, Tincuta, et al. (2003) ‘Evolutionary conservation of biogenesis of beta-barrel membrane proteins’, Nature 426(6968), 862–866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll, Noël (2013) Minerva’s Night Out. Oxford: A John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Terazima, Masahide, Kataoka, Mikio, Ueoka, Ryuichi, et al. (eds) (2016) Molecular Science of Fluctuations Toward Biological Functions 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Bagchi, Sutirtha, Svejnar, Jan and Bischoff, Kendra (2016) ‘Does Wealth Distribution and the Source of Wealth Matter for Economic Growth? Inherited v. Uninherited Billionaire Wealth and Billionaires’ Political Connections’, in K. Basu and J.E. Stiglitz (eds) Inequality and Growth: Patterns and Policy: Volume II: Regions and Regularities, pp. 163–194. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise (2014) ‘Breakthrough In Fight Against Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria’, IFLScience, Available from: (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Alternatives for Funding a GI Bill. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton, Emily Wenink (2012) ‘Clinical management and outcomes of patients in the Duke Cryptococcosis Clinical Cohort, 1996 - 2009’, Doctoral dissertation. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael (2012) ‘Bridget Kelly and Eric Strauss’, New York Times, 22nd July.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Primavera, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Primavera, 2005; Boesz & Lloyd, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boesz & Lloyd, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Sugrue, Corrado & Newsome, 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Paschen, Waizenegger, Stan, et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization
AbbreviationOrganization (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1350-5084
ISSN (online)1461-7323
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles