How to format your references using the Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schnittman, Jeremy D. (2013) ‘Astronomy. The curious behavior of the milky way’s central black hole’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 341(6149), 964–965.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bunn, Matthew and Heinonen, Olli (2011) ‘Nuclear safety. Preventing the next Fukushima’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 333(6049), 1580–1581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murdoch, William, Briggs, Cheryl J. and Swarbrick, Susan (2005) ‘Host suppression and stability in a parasitoid-host system: experimental demonstration’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 309(5734), 610–613.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schneider, Helga, Downey, Jos, Smith, Andrew, et al. (2006) ‘Reversal of the TCR stop signal by CTLA-4’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5795), 1972–1975.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalena, John N. and Cleary, David A. (2005) Principles of Inorganic Materials Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rampertab, S. Devi and Mullin, Gerard E. (eds) (2014) Celiac Disease. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rivera, Eugenio and Rodríguez, Adolfo (2008) ‘Competition and Regulation in the Banking Systems of Central America and Mexico: A Comparative Study’, in C. Schatan and E. Rivera (eds) Competition Policies in Emerging Economies: Lessons and Challenges from Central America and Mexico, pp. 97–143. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen (2014) ‘Towers Produce Clean Drinking Water From Thin Air’, IFLScience, Available from: (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Results Act: Using Agency Performance Plans to Oversee Early Childhood Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lemheney, Alexander J. (2014) ‘Design and development of virtual reality simulation for teaching high-risk low-volume problem-prone office-based medical emergencies’, Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams (2017) ‘U.S. Sues UnitedHealth Over Medicare Charges’, New York Times, 20th May.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schnittman, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schnittman, 2013; Bunn & Heinonen, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bunn & Heinonen, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Murdoch, Briggs & Swarbrick, 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Schneider, Downey, Smith, et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization
AbbreviationOrganization (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1350-5084
ISSN (online)1461-7323
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles