How to format your references using the Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel, Frederick W. (2012) ‘Evolution. Contemplating the first Plantae’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6070), 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ekert, Artur and Renner, Renato (2014) ‘The ultimate physical limits of privacy’, Nature 507(7493), 443–447.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oh, Jeong Su, Susor, Andrej and Conti, Marco (2011) ‘Protein tyrosine kinase Wee1B is essential for metaphase II exit in mouse oocytes’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6028), 462–465.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McGregor, H. V., Dima, M., Fischer, H. W., et al. (2007) ‘Rapid 20th-century increase in coastal upwelling off northwest Africa’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5812), 637–639.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, J. (2008) Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Losada, David E. and Fernández-Luna, Juan M. (eds) (2005) Advances in Information Retrieval: 27th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2005, Santiago de Compostela, Spain, March 21-23, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nerland, Monika and Jensen, Karen (2010) ‘Objectual Practice and Learning in Professional Work’, in S. Billett (ed.) Learning Through Practice: Models, Traditions, Orientations and Approaches, pp. 82–103. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization.

Blog post
Davis, Josh (2016) ‘Critically Endangered Bird Lays Eggs In Captivity For First Time’, IFLScience, Available from: (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, Tamara Colleen (2015) ‘The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism’, Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cyran, Robert and Hay, George (2011) ‘China’s Allure in Drug Research’, New York Times, 7th December.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spiegel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Spiegel, 2012; Ekert & Renner, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ekert & Renner, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Oh, Susor & Conti, 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (McGregor, Dima, Fischer, et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization
AbbreviationOrganization (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1350-5084
ISSN (online)1461-7323
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

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