How to format your references using the Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craelius, William (2002) ‘The bionic man: restoring mobility’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5557), 1018–1021.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, Yun and Dorn, Gerald W., 2nd (2013) ‘PINK1-phosphorylated mitofusin 2 is a Parkin receptor for culling damaged mitochondria’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 340(6131), 471–475.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreira, D., Le Guyader, H. and Philippe, H. (2000) ‘The origin of red algae and the evolution of chloroplasts’, Nature 405(6782), 69–72.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fricker, Helen Amanda, Scambos, Ted, Bindschadler, Robert, et al. (2007) ‘An active subglacial water system in West Antarctica mapped from space’, Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5818), 1544–1548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D’Amico, Guglielmo, Di Biase, Giuseppe, Janssen, Jacques, et al. (2017) Semi-Markov Migration Models for Credit Risk. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dolman, A. Johannes, Valentini, Riccardo and Freibauer, Annette (eds) (2008) The Continental-Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Creed, Irena F. and Sass, Gabor Z. (2011) ‘Digital Terrain Analysis Approaches for Tracking Hydrological and Biogeochemical Pathways and Processes in Forested Landscapes’, in D.F. Levia, D. Carlyle-Moses, and T. Tanaka (eds) Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry: Synthesis of Past Research and Future Directions, pp. 69–100. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Organization.

Blog post
Davis, Josh (2017) ‘Low Oxygen Levels In The Ocean Could Lead To More Wildfires In The Future’, IFLScience, Available from: (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2009 Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
O’Grady, Caitlin Rose (2009) ‘Journeys of our ancestors: Conservation science approaches to the analysis of cultural material’, Doctoral dissertation. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben (2017) ‘Instead of Hero’s Welcome, Treason Charges’, New York Times, 22nd September.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Craelius, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Craelius, 2002; Chen & Dorn, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Dorn, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Moreira, Le Guyader & Philippe, 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Fricker, Scambos, Bindschadler, et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleOrganization
AbbreviationOrganization (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1350-5084
ISSN (online)1461-7323
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management

Other styles