# How to format your references using the Review of Regional Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Regional Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer GI (2008) Materials science. Who wins the nonvolatile memory race? Science 319:1625–1626
A journal article with 2 authors
Hall A, Stouffer RJ (2001) An abrupt climate event in a coupled ocean-atmosphere simulation without external forcing. Nature 409:171–174
A journal article with 3 authors
Paredez AR, Somerville CR, Ehrhardt DW (2006) Visualization of cellulose synthase demonstrates functional association with microtubules. Science 312:1491–1495
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Möller J, Lühmann T, Chabria M, et al (2013) Macrophages lift off surface-bound bacteria using a filopodium-lamellipodium hook-and-shovel mechanism. Sci Rep 3:2884

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flynn MJ, Luk W (2011) Computer System Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Saeed K, Homenda W (eds) (2015) Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 14th IFIP TC 8 International Conference, CISIM 2015, Warsaw, Poland, September 24-26, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Dijksma A, Luger A, Shondin Y (2006) Minimal Models for $$\mathcal{N}_\kappa ^\infty$$ -functions. In: Langer M, Luger A, Woracek H (eds) Operator Theory and Indefinite Inner Product Spaces: Presented on the occasion of the retirement of Heinz Langer in the Colloquium on Operator Theory, Vienna, March 2004. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 97–134

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Regional Research.

Blog post
Carpineti C (2017) One Of The World’s Rarest And Most Elusive Whales Has Been Captured On Camera For The First Time. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) NASA: Long-Term Commitment to and Investment in Space Exploration Program Requires More Knowledge. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin PR (2012) The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2017) Where Do All the Disgraced C.E.O.s Go? New York Times BU12

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meijer 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hall and Stouffer 2001; Meijer 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Hall and Stouffer 2001)
• Three or more authors: (Möller et al. 2013)