How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reviews and Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reviews and Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Subbaraman, N. (2014). Public health: A burning issue. Nature, 513(7517), S16-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston, K. P., & Shah, P. S. (2004). Materials science. Making nanoscale materials with supercritical fluids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacciuto, A., Auer, S., & Frenkel, D. (2004). Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions. Nature, 428(6981), 404–406.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
König, M., Wiedmann, S., Brüne, C., Roth, A., Buhmann, H., Molenkamp, L. W., … Zhang, S.-C. (2007). Quantum spin hall insulator state in HgTe quantum wells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 766–770.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lau, V. K. N., & Ricky Kwok, Y.-K. (2006). Channel-Adaptive Technologies and Cross-Layer Designs for Wireless Systems with Multiple Antennas. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Aylett, R., Lim, M. Y., Louchart, S., Petta, P., & Riedl, M. (Eds.). (2010). Interactive Storytelling: Third Joint Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2010, Edinburgh, UK, November 1-3, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6432). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Frost, L. (2016). The Pleasures of Dystopia. In J. Greenberg & N. Waddell (Eds.), “Brave New World”: Contexts and Legacies (pp. 69–88). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reviews and Reports.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 20). We’re All Mammals – So Why Do We Look So Different? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Follow Through: Lessons Learned From Its Evaluation and Need To Improve Its Administration (No. MWD-75-34). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charles, J.-G. (2017). African American Ninth-Grade Students’ Engagement and Learning in Mathematics: A Case Study of Parent-Teacher Collaboration (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. (2017, January 13). Invisibly Black. New York Times, p. BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reviews and Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Rev.
ISSN (print)1550-8943
ISSN (online)1558-6804
ScopeCancer Research
Cell Biology
General Medicine

Other styles