How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reviews and Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reviews and Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gordon, D. M. (2013). The rewards of restraint in the collective regulation of foraging by harvester ant colonies. Nature, 498(7452), 91–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fletcher, D. A., & Mullins, R. D. (2010). Cell mechanics and the cytoskeleton. Nature, 463(7280), 485–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fricke, H. C., Hencecroth, J., & Hoerner, M. E. (2011). Lowland-upland migration of sauropod dinosaurs during the Late Jurassic epoch. Nature, 480(7378), 513–515.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barford, C. C., Wofsy, S. C., Goulden, M. L., Munger, J. W., Pyle, E. H., Urbanski, S. P., … Moore, K. (2001). Factors controlling long- and short-term sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in a mid-latitude forest. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1688–1691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denny, H. R., & Butterworth, S. J. (2008). A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Seck, D. (Ed.). (2016). Accelerated Economic Growth in West Africa. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Dufour, F., & Prieto-Rumeau, T. (2012). Approximation of Infinite Horizon Discounted Cost Markov Decision Processes. In D. Hernández-Hernández & J. A. Minjárez-Sosa (Eds.), Optimization, Control, and Applications of Stochastic Systems: In Honor of Onésimo Hernández-Lerma (pp. 59–76). Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reviews and Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, December 30). Group Files Lawsuit Against Kansas For Teaching Science In Science Class. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Ed-Flex Program: Increase in Flexibility Useful but Limited by Scope of Waiver Authority (No. T-HEHS-99-67). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGary, J. (2012). Gender and the poverty-conflict trap (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2016, November 16). Car Accident Takes Away Independence and Financial Security. New York Times, p. A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reviews and Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Rev.
ISSN (print)1550-8943
ISSN (online)1558-6804
ScopeCancer Research
Cell Biology
General Medicine

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