How to format your references using the Stem Cell Reviews and Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Stem Cell Reviews and Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amaratunga, G. A. J. (2002). Applied physics. A dawn for carbon electronics? Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5587), 1657–1658.
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders, M. A., & Lea, A. S. (2005). Seasonal prediction of hurricane activity reaching the coast of the United States. Nature, 434(7036), 1005–1008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, J., Rashid, T., & Feng, G. (2014). Esterase in imported fire ants, Solenopsis invicta and S. richteri (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): activity, kinetics and variation. Scientific reports, 4, 7112.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Goren-Inbar, N., Alperson, N., Kislev, M. E., Simchoni, O., Melamed, Y., Ben-Nun, A., & Werker, E. (2004). Evidence of hominin control of fire at Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, Israel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5671), 725–727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olofsson, P. (2006). Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Knahr, K. (Ed.). (2012). Total Hip Arthroplasty: Wear Behaviour of Different Articulations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ng, X. W., Mundargi, R. C., & Venkatraman, S. S. (2015). Nanomedicine: Size-Related Drug Delivery Applications, Including Periodontics and Endodontics. In A. Kishen (Ed.), Nanotechnology in Endodontics: Current and Potential Clinical Applications (pp. 71–95). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Stem Cell Reviews and Reports.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, February 27). NASA’s Kepler Mission Announced 715 New Exoplanets. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Procurement Equipment for New York Postal Data Center (No. B-180235). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroeder, M. (2017). Investigating the Learnability of a Rogue Grammar: Null Subject Parameter Resetting in Second Language Acquisition (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2013, October 3). Revisiting the Classics Of an Earlier Generation. New York Times, p. E7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleStem Cell Reviews and Reports
AbbreviationStem Cell Rev.
ISSN (print)1550-8943
ISSN (online)1558-6804
ScopeCancer Research
Cell Biology
General Medicine

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