How to format your references using the Agricultural Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chou C-P (2014) Network robustness: detecting topological quantum phases. Sci Rep 4:7526
A journal article with 2 authors
Benilova I, De Strooper B (2013) Neuroscience. Promiscuous Alzheimer’s amyloid: yet another partner. Science 341:1354–1355
A journal article with 3 authors
Hays GC, Houghton JDR, Myers AE (2004) Endangered species: Pan-Atlantic leatherback turtle movements. Nature 429:522
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Willhoft O, Ghoneim M, Lin C-L, et al (2018) Structure and dynamics of the yeast SWR1-nucleosome complex. Science 362:

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl B, Thewes M, Maidl U (2014) Handbook of Tunnel Engineering II. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Rajasekaran S (2009) Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: First International Conference, BICoB 2009, New Orleans, LA, USA, April 8-10, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Adams JM, Wolfe JW, Ehrenfeld JM (2016) Pharmacology of Inhalational Anesthetics. In: Ehrenfeld JM, Urman RD, Segal S (eds) Anesthesia Student Survival Guide: A Case-Based Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Anthropocene Began With Species Exchange Between Old And New Worlds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Internet Management: Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Piekielek JA (2009) Public wildlands at the U.S.-Mexico border: Where conservation, migration, and border enforcement collide. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) A Shoe With Meow. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Research
AbbreviationAgric. Res.
ISSN (print)2249-720X
ISSN (online)2249-7218
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles