How to format your references using the Agricultural Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spence K (2000) Ancient Egyptian chronology and the astronomical orientation of pyramids. Nature 408:320–324
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulet JFA, Hedwig B (2006) The cellular basis of a corollary discharge. Science 311:518–522
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulton SW, Fralick PW, Canfield DE (2004) The transition to a sulphidic ocean approximately 1.84 billion years ago. Nature 431:173–177
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Knaut H, Werz C, Geisler R, et al (2003) A zebrafish homologue of the chemokine receptor Cxcr4 is a germ-cell guidance receptor. Nature 421:279–282

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chaudhry A, Coetsee D, Bakker E, et al (2014) 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH (2015) Formalisms for Reuse and Systems Integration. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Aronow ME, Singh AD (2014) Ocular Adnexal Lymphoma: Clinical Features and Diagnostic Evaluation. In: Singh AD (ed) Ocular and Adnexal Lymphoma. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–67

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Edward Snowden Designs Phone Case That Shows When It Is Being Spied On. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Information Technology: Near-Term Effort to Automate Paper-Based Immigration Files Needs Planning Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney DC (2014) Undergraduate social work students’ perceptions regarding hospice and end-of-life care. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J (2017) Protests Start a Dialogue, But About What, Exactly? New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Research
AbbreviationAgric. Res.
ISSN (print)2249-720X
ISSN (online)2249-7218
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles