How to format your references using the Agricultural Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Agricultural Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters SE (2008) Environmental determinants of extinction selectivity in the fossil record. Nature 454:626–629
A journal article with 2 authors
Foster KR, Ratnieks FL (2000) Facultative worker policing in a wasp. Nature 407:692–693
A journal article with 3 authors
Fahrner KA, Ryu WS, Berg HC (2003) Biomechanics: bacterial flagellar switching under load. Nature 423:938
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Steppan CM, Bailey ST, Bhat S, et al (2001) The hormone resistin links obesity to diabetes. Nature 409:307–312

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McEvily AJ (2013) Metal Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kharchenko VP (2010) Ultrasound Diagnostics of Thyroid Diseases. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Carter P (2016) Ghosting: Putting the Volume into Screen Memory. In: Marshall PD, D’Cruz G, McDonald S, Lee K (eds) Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp 61–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Agricultural Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Does Australia’s New 2030 Climate Target Mean For The Local Coal Industry? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Naval Safety School Relocation: More Credible Cost Analysis Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren JS (2012) Trust in immediate supervisor, trust in top management, organizational trust precursors: Predictors of organizational effectiveness. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) After Striking Out, Nationals Swing a Trade. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAgricultural Research
AbbreviationAgric. Res.
ISSN (print)2249-720X
ISSN (online)2249-7218
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Food Science
Plant Science

Other styles