How to format your references using the Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, E., 2003. National Academies launch grants for interdisciplinary work. Nature 422, 791.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, E.G., Chappellaz, J., 2009. Atmospheric science. Shifting gear, quickly. Science 324, 477–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mori, T., Vale, R.D., Tomishige, M., 2007. How kinesin waits between steps. Nature 450, 750–754.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kato, Y., Myers, R.C., Driscoll, D.C., Gossard, A.C., Levy, J., Awschalom, D.D., 2003. Gigahertz electron spin manipulation using voltage-controlled g-tensor modulation. Science 299, 1201–1204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum, B., Perros, H., 2015. Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kilpatrick, J., Hoyles, C., Skovsmose, O., Valero, P. (Eds.), 2005. Meaning in Mathematics Education, Mathematics Education Library. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wasserman, T., Wasserman, L.D., 2016. A Proposed Learning Model for Therapy, in: Wasserman, L.D. (Ed.), Depathologizing Psychopathology: The Neuroscience of Mental Illness and Its Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 23–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. Code-A-Cola: How To Hide Secret Messages Using Fizzy Drinks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Science and Engineering Manpower Forecasting: Its Use in Policymaking (No. PSAD-79-75). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hollenbeck, J.L., 2017. The Challenge of U.S. West Coast Earthquake Response: Federal Urban Search and Rescue (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. On Final Day, Tears and Jeers. New York Times B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check, 2003; Nisbet and Chappellaz, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet and Chappellaz, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kato et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
AbbreviationRev. Palaeobot. Palynol.
ISSN (print)0034-6667
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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