How to format your references using the Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaser, M., 2011. Antibiotic overuse: Stop the killing of beneficial bacteria. Nature 476, 393–394.
A journal article with 2 authors
New, A.M., Lehner, B., 2015. Systems biology: Network evolution hinges on history. Nature 523, 297–298.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komatsu, T., Sekiya, T., Nagata, K., 2013. DNA replication-dependent binding of CTCF plays a critical role in adenovirus genome functions. Sci. Rep. 3, 2187.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mason, D.R., Menabde, S.G., Yu, S., Park, N., 2014. Plasmonic excitations of 1D metal-dielectric interfaces in 2D systems: 1D surface plasmon polaritons. Sci. Rep. 4, 4536.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blumberg, L.M., 2010. Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Soetaert, K., 2012. Solving Differential Equations in R, Use R! Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Waldron, S., 2013. Group Frames, in: Casazza, P.G., Kutyniok, G. (Eds.), Finite Frames: Theory and Applications. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp. 171–191.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Fly Through Space with this Awesome Interactive Video [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Child Support Enforcement: Leadership Essential to Implementing Effective Automated Systems (No. T-AIMD-97-162). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reyes, J., 2009. Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S., 2017. Mueller Inquiry Seeks Documents On Trump Firings. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaser, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Blaser, 2011; New and Lehner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (New and Lehner, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mason et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
AbbreviationRev. Palaeobot. Palynol.
ISSN (print)0034-6667
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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