How to format your references using the Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hastings, A., 2003. Metapopulation persistence with age-dependent disturbance or succession. Science 301, 1525–1526.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aharonov, Y., Zubairy, M.S., 2005. Time and the quantum: erasing the past and impacting the future. Science 307, 875–879.
A journal article with 3 authors
Devine, J.A., Baker, K.D., Haedrich, R.L., 2006. Fisheries: deep-sea fishes qualify as endangered. Nature 439, 29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kraemer, D.J.M., Macrae, C.N., Green, A.E., Kelley, W.M., 2005. Musical imagery: sound of silence activates auditory cortex. Nature 434, 158.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pike, A., 2015. Origination. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Liu, C.-L., Hussain, A., Luo, B., Tan, K.C., Zeng, Y., Zhang, Z. (Eds.), 2016. Advances in Brain Inspired Cognitive Systems: 8th International Conference, BICS 2016, Beijing, China, November 28-30, 2016, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuhn, A., Schüssler, B., 2008. Urinary Incontinence and Voiding Dysfunction, in: Baessler, K., Burgio, K.L., Norton, P.A., Schüssler, B., Moore, K.H., Stanton, S.L. (Eds.), Pelvic Floor Re-Education: Principles and Practice. Springer, London, pp. 62–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Ceres’ Bright Spot Could Actually Be Salt Volcanoes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Head Start: Curriculum Use and Individual Child Assessment in Cognitive and Language Development (No. GAO-03-1049). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, L., 2012. A comparison of unsupervised learning techniques for detection of medical abuse in automobile claims (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M.R., 2017. Iraqi Forces Open a New Front Against ISIS in West Mosul. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hastings, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Aharonov and Zubairy, 2005; Hastings, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aharonov and Zubairy, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kraemer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
AbbreviationRev. Palaeobot. Palynol.
ISSN (print)0034-6667
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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