How to format your references using the Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, M.J., 2005. From birth to death: the complex lives of eukaryotic mRNAs. Science 309, 1514–1518.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reynolds, J.D., Freckleton, R.P., 2005. Ecology. Population dynamics: growing to extremes. Science 309, 567–568.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoener, T.W., Spiller, D.A., Losos, J.B., 2001. Predators increase the risk of catastrophic extinction of prey populations. Nature 412, 183–186.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Endres, N.F., Yoshioka, C., Milligan, R.A., Vale, R.D., 2006. A lever-arm rotation drives motility of the minus-end-directed kinesin Ncd. Nature 439, 875–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fleckenstein, P., Tranum-Jensen, J., Myschetzky, P.S., 2014. Anatomy in Diagnostic Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Torzilli, G. (Ed.), 2014. Ultrasound-Guided Liver Surgery: An Atlas. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Fattorini, D., Regoli, F., 2012. Hyper-Accumulation of Vanadium in Polychaetes, in: Michibata, H. (Ed.), Vanadium: Biochemical and Molecular Biological Approaches. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Hidden World Discovered Buried Beneath Antarctica [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Air Traffic Control: Justifications for Capital Investments Need Strengthening (No. RCED-93-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brandom, B.M., 2009. Spiritual and emotional needs of young adults who are members of mainstream Protestant churches (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J., 2017. Straight From a Boomer’s Attic. New York Times F8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Moore, 2005; Reynolds and Freckleton, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reynolds and Freckleton, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Endres et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
AbbreviationRev. Palaeobot. Palynol.
ISSN (print)0034-6667
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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