How to format your references using the Ethnomusicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethnomusicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mézard, Marc. 2003. “Physics/Computer Science. Passing Messages between Disciplines.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5640):1685–86.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, T. John, and Gregory R. Mundy. 2007. “Bone Metastasis: Can Osteoclasts Be Excluded?” Nature 445(7130):E19; discussion E19-20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Russell, David G., Clifton E. Barry 3rd, and Joanne L. Flynn. 2010. “Tuberculosis: What We Don’t Know Can, and Does, Hurt Us.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 328(5980):852–56.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mock, Ulrike, Kristoffer Riecken, Belinda Berdien, Waseem Qasim, Emma Chan, Toni Cathomen, and Boris Fehse. 2014. “Novel Lentiviral Vectors with Mutated Reverse Transcriptase for MRNA Delivery of TALE Nucleases.” Scientific Reports 4(September):6409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, D. J. 2005. Cinnolines and Phthalazines: Supplement II. Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: A Series Of Monographs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gomes, Luciana Takata. 2015. Fuzzy Differential Equations in Various Approaches. Edited by Laécio Carvalho de Barros and Barnabas Bede. 1st ed. 2015. SpringerBriefs in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rekha, Krishnan. 2012. “Perspectives on India’s Energy Security.” In Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security, edited by Mely Caballero-Anthony, Youngho Chang, and Nur Azha Putra, 59–77. SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethnomusicology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Newly Discovered 17th Century Document Described Now-Extinct Mauritian Wildlife.” IFLScience. IFLScience. May 8.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. “The Legislative Focus on Federal ADP Procurement and GAO’s Role.” 100061. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rees, Christopher Loren. 2009. “A Systems-Level Investigation into the Genetic Determinants of Childhood-Onset Schizophrenia.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudiyeva, Fatima, and as Told to. 2005. “Three Days and Forever.” New York Times, August 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mézard 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Martin and Mundy 2007; Mézard 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Mundy 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mock et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthnomusicology
ISSN (print)0014-1836
ISSN (online)2156-7417
Cultural Studies

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