How to format your references using the Ethnomusicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Ethnomusicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boger, Dale L. 2015. “ORGANIC SYNTHESIS. When Sugar Is Not so Sweet.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 350(6258):275–76.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde, Martín, and Eelco J. Rohling. 2012. “Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Related to Modest Reduction in Precipitation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335(6071):956–59.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazin, G. V., X. H. Qiu, and W. Ho. 2003. “Visualization and Spectroscopy of a Metal-Molecule-Metal Bridge.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5642):77–81.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Seiffert, Erik R., Elwyn L. Simons, William C. Clyde, James B. Rossie, Yousry Attia, Thomas M. Bown, Prithijit Chatrath, and Mark E. Mathison. 2005. “Basal Anthropoids from Egypt and the Antiquity of Africa’s Higher Primate Radiation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310(5746):300–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fink, Johannes Karl. 2016. Metallized and Magnetic Polymers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Herrera, Francisco. 2016. Multilabel Classification: Problem Analysis, Metrics and Techniques. Edited by Francisco Charte, Antonio J. Rivera, and María J. del Jesus. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Resmerita, Stefan, Patricia Derler, Wolfgang Pree, and Andreas Naderlinger. 2010. “5 Modeling and Simulation of TDL Applications.” In Model-Based Engineering of Embedded Real-Time Systems: International Dagstuhl Workshop, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, November 4-9, 2007. Revised Selected Papers, edited by Holger Giese, Gabor Karsai, Edward Lee, Bernhard Rumpe, and Bernhard Schätz, 107–28. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Ethnomusicology.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Zika Virus Detected In Sperm For A Record Six Months After Infection.” IFLScience. IFLScience. August 15.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. “Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Its Usefulness.” HRD-91-61. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, Caleb. 2015. “Evolutionary Changes in Development Associated with a Transition in Larval Nutritional Mode in Spiralians.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hardy, Michael. 2017. “In Houston, Juneteenth Site Rises From the Ruins.” New York Times, June 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boger 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Boger 2015; Medina-Elizalde and Rohling 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medina-Elizalde and Rohling 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Seiffert et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEthnomusicology
ISSN (print)0014-1836
ISSN (online)2156-7417
Cultural Studies

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