How to format your references using the BMC Endocrine Disorders citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Endocrine Disorders. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Tommassen J. Biochemistry. Getting into and through the outer membrane. Science. 2007;317:903–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gariano RF, Gardner TW. Retinal angiogenesis in development and disease. Nature. 2005;438:960–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Sturm M, Racine C, Tape K. Climate change. Increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic. Nature. 2001;411:546–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lemon B, Inouye C, King DS, Tjian R. Selectivity of chromatin-remodelling cofactors for ligand-activated transcription. Nature. 2001;414:924–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Broome J. Weighing Goods. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Guardo E. Arithmetically Cohen-Macaulay Sets of Points in P^1 x P^1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Filus JK, Filus LZ. Some Alternative Approaches to System Reliability Modeling. In: Pham H, editor. Recent Advances in Reliability and Quality in Design. London: Springer; 2008. p. 101–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Endocrine Disorders.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Study Reveals What A Single Energy Drink Does To Your Body. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/does-single-energy-drink-really-raise-risk-heart-attack0/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Audit by the District of Columbia’s Office of Municipal Audit and Inspection of the Expenditure of Funds by the District of Columbia Public Schools During Fiscal Years 1970 and 1971. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCarthy BA. Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly K. Trump Has Stocks Up. Some Funds Are Leery. New York Times. 2017;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Endocrine Disorders
AbbreviationBMC Endocr. Disord.
ISSN (online)1472-6823
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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