How to format your references using the Review of Industrial Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Industrial Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leek, P. J. (2013). Applied physics. Storing quantum information in Schrödinger’s cats. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6158), 568–569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vijg, J., & Campisi, J. (2008). Puzzles, promises and a cure for ageing. Nature, 454(7208), 1065–1071.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, A., Lauher, J. W., & Goroff, N. S. (2006). Preparation of poly(diiododiacetylene), an ordered conjugated polymer of carbon and iodine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5776), 1030–1034.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nicastro, D., Schwartz, C., Pierson, J., Gaudette, R., Porter, M. E., & McIntosh, J. R. (2006). The molecular architecture of axonemes revealed by cryoelectron tomography. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5789), 944–948.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bains, G. (2015). Cultural DNA. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gorter, D., Zenotz, V., & Cenoz, J. (Eds.). (2014). Minority Languages and Multilingual Education: Bridging the Local and the Global (Vol. 18). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yamakawa, H., & Yoshizaki, T. (2016). Equilibrium Properties. In T. Yoshizaki (Ed.), Helical Wormlike Chains in Polymer Solutions (pp. 129–191). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Industrial Organization.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, April 17). Scientists Discover New Kind Of Sexual Organ. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Truck Safety: Information on Driver Training (No. RCED-89-163). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
He, H. (2006). Numerical Simulations of Unsteady Flows in a Pulse Detonation Engine by the Space-Time Conservation Element and Solution Element Method (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, February 5). Man Arrested in Strangling of a Jogger in Queens. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leek 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Leek 2013; Vijg and Campisi 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vijg and Campisi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Nicastro et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Industrial Organization
AbbreviationRev. Ind. Organ.
ISSN (print)0889-938X
ISSN (online)1573-7160
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles