How to format your references using the Review of Industrial Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Industrial Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bates, G. P. (2006). BIOMEDICINE: One Misfolded Protein Allows Others to Sneak By. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1385–1386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamber, B. S., & Kramers, J. D. (2006). Geochemistry: how well can Pb isotopes date core formation? Nature, 444(7115), E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clevers, H., Loh, K. M., & Nusse, R. (2014). Stem cell signaling. An integral program for tissue renewal and regeneration: Wnt signaling and stem cell control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6205), 1248012.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fenner, J., Stacer, A. C., Winterroth, F., Johnson, T. D., Luker, K. E., & Luker, G. D. (2014). Macroscopic stiffness of breast tumors predicts metastasis. Scientific reports, 4, 5512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samuels, J. (2015). The Trader’s Pendulum. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lanin, A. (2008). Thermal Stress Resistance of Materials. (I. Fedik, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Afonso, A. (2009). The Domestic Regulation of Transnational Labour Markets: EU Enlargement and the Politics of Labour Migration in Switzerland and Ireland. In L. Bruszt & R. Holzhacker (Eds.), The Transnationalization of Economies, States, and Civil Societies: New Challenges for Governance in Europe (pp. 83–106). New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Industrial Organization.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, November 14). New Duck-Billed Dinosaur With A Little Crest Fills An Evolutionary Gap. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Strategic Air Command: KC-135A Crash and the Need for SAC Air Show Regulations (No. NSIAD-88-172). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, D. (2008). The common factors between coaching cultures and transformational leadership, transactional leadership, and high-performance organizational cultures (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Link, K. (2016, August 5). Letting All the ‘What Ifs’ Out to Play. New York Times, p. BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bates 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bates 2006; Kamber and Kramers 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kamber and Kramers 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Fenner et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Industrial Organization
AbbreviationRev. Ind. Organ.
ISSN (print)0889-938X
ISSN (online)1573-7160
ScopeManagement of Technology and Innovation
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Strategy and Management
Economics and Econometrics

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