How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroinflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroinflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Wilson SM. Professional development for science teachers. Science. 2013;340:310–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations. Nature. 2000;404:762–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Whitaker RJ, Grogan DW, Taylor JW. Geographic barriers isolate endemic populations of hyperthermophilic archaea. Science. 2003;301:976–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Du X, Wen J, Wang Y, Karmaus PWF, Khatamian A, Tan H, et al. Hippo/Mst signalling couples metabolic state and immune function of CD8α+ dendritic cells. Nature. 2018;558:141–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sailor MJ. Porous Silicon in Practice. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
1. Sinha CK, Davenport M, editors. Handbook of Pediatric Surgery. London: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Maiorana E, Argones Rúa E, Alba Castro JL, Campisi P. Eigen-Model Projections for Protected On-line Signature Recognition. In: Vielhauer C, Dittmann J, Drygajlo A, Juul NC, Fairhurst MC, editors. Biometrics and ID Management: COST 2101 European Workshop, BioID 2011, Brandenburg (Havel), Germany, March 8-10, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroinflammation.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Life On Earth Might Have Started Inside Comet Craters. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Accounting for Automatic Data Processing Costs Needs Improvement. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Feb. Report No.: FGMSD-78-14.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schaeffler KP. From Flag Officer to Corporate Leader: A Phenomenological Study of the Influence of Career Transition on Executive Leadership and Professional Identity [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM. Is ‘As the [Trump] World Turns’ at ‘The Edge of Night’? New York Times. 2017 May 13;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroinflammation
AbbreviationJ. Neuroinflammation
ISSN (online)1742-2094
ScopeImmunology
General Neuroscience
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Neurology

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