How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroinflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroinflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Portman ME. You’ll be OK. Science. 2015;348:1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Olson JW, Maier RJ. Molecular hydrogen as an energy source for Helicobacter pylori. Science. 2002;298:1788–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Herr AB, Ballister ER, Bjorkman PJ. Insights into IgA-mediated immune responses from the crystal structures of human FcalphaRI and its complex with IgA1-Fc. Nature. 2003;423:614–20.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Preis T, Moat HS, Bishop SR, Treleaven P, Stanley HE. Quantifying the digital traces of Hurricane Sandy on Flickr. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bertin E, Crespi N, Pujolle G. Architecture and Governance for Communication Services. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Fu MC, Jarrow RA, Yen J-YJ, Elliott RJ, editors. Advances in Mathematical Finance. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Paegelow M, Camacho MTO, Ferraty F, Ferré L, Sarda P, Villa N. Prospective modelling of environmental dynamics: A methodological comparison applied to mountain land cover changes. In: Paegelow M, Olmedo MTC, editors. Modelling Environmental Dynamics: Advances in Geomatic Solutions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 141–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroinflammation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Brain Abnormalities Discovered in Patients With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Judicial Space Follow-up. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: GGD-94-135R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Merkurjev D. Understanding Enhancer Role in Transcriptional Response [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Flegenheimer M. C Train Cafe? The M.T.A. May Put Up a Fight. New York Times. 2013 Aug 24;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroinflammation
AbbreviationJ. Neuroinflammation
ISSN (online)1742-2094
ScopeImmunology
General Neuroscience
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Neurology

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