How to format your references using the Journal of Neuroinflammation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neuroinflammation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Fink DW Jr. FDA regulation of stem cell-based products. Science. 2009;324:1662–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Horn PJ, Peterson CL. Molecular biology. Chromatin higher order folding--wrapping up transcription. Science. 2002;297:1824–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kozloski J, Hamzei-Sichani F, Yuste R. Stereotyped position of local synaptic targets in neocortex. Science. 2001;293:868–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Du X, Wen J, Wang Y, Karmaus PWF, Khatamian A, Tan H, et al. Hippo/Mst signalling couples metabolic state and immune function of CD8α+ dendritic cells. Nature. 2018;558:141–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Burton E. Business and Entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Düsterhöft A, Klettke M, Schewe K-D, editors. Conceptual Modelling and Its Theoretical Foundations: Essays Dedicated to Bernhard Thalheim on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shah DU, Clifford MJ. Compaction, Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Natural Fibre Composites. In: Salit MS, Jawaid M, Yusoff NB, Hoque ME, editors. Manufacturing of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 65–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neuroinflammation.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Unlike Most Other Arachnids, Majestic Jumping Spiders Can See In Color. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Buffalo, New York. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Sep. Report No.: T-RCED-99-286.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hartl SD. The role of culture in managing diversity: How culturally based heuristics differ in minority and non-minority managerial decision making [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barron J. Its Star Aglow Again, Madison Square Park Is Ready for Memorial Day. New York Times. 2017 May 24;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neuroinflammation
AbbreviationJ. Neuroinflammation
ISSN (online)1742-2094
ScopeImmunology
General Neuroscience
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Neurology

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