How to format your references using the Review of Educational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Educational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Militzer, M. (2002). Materials science. A synchrotron look at steel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 975–976.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chou, K.-M., & Cheng, Y.-C. (2002). An exonucleolytic activity of human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease on 3’ mispaired DNA. Nature, 415(6872), 655–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rau, A. V., Dunningham, J. A., & Burnett, K. (2003). Measurement-induced relative-position localization through entanglement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5636), 1081–1084.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fyfe, J. C., von Salzen, K., Gillett, N. P., Arora, V. K., Flato, G. M., & McConnell, J. R. (2013). One hundred years of Arctic surface temperature variation due to anthropogenic influence. Scientific Reports, 3, 2645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagasawa, M. (2015). Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolyte Solutions: Advances in Chemical Physics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Griebel, M., & Schweitzer, M. A. (Eds.). (2015). Meshfree Methods for Partial Differential Equations VII (Vol. 100). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cifuentes-Madrid, J. H., Arranz-Vals, P., & Deulofeu, J. (2015). Best Practice in University Strategic Management’s Conceptual Framework. In J. H. Cifuentes-Madrid, P. Landoni Couture, & X. Llinàs-Audet (Eds.), Strategic Management of Universities in the Ibero-America Region: A Comparative Perspective (pp. 129–146). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Educational Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 5). FDA Approves First 3D-Printed Drug. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). FBI: Advanced Communications Technologies Pose Wiretapping Challenges (No. IMTEC-92-68BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nellenbach, K. M. (2010). Contributions of oral language, problem-solving, and reading attitudes to young adolescents’ silent reading comprehension (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 27). Cubs Pull Even as the Indians’ Play Proves Sloppier Than the Weather. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Militzer, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Chou & Cheng, 2002; Militzer, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chou & Cheng, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Rau, Dunningham, & Burnett, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fyfe et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Educational Research
AbbreviationRev. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0034-6543
ISSN (online)1935-1046

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