How to format your references using the Review of Educational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Educational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stella, N. (2011). Cell biology. Anatomy of prostaglandin signals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6057), 768–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morgan, M. A., & Shilatifard, A. (2013). Medicine. (Poly)combing the pediatric cancer genome for answers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6134), 823–824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lower, S. K., Hochella, M. F., Jr, & Beveridge, T. J. (2001). Bacterial recognition of mineral surfaces: nanoscale interactions between Shewanella and alpha-FeOOH. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1360–1363.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Roth, G. S., Mattison, J. A., Ottinger, M. A., Chachich, M. E., Lane, M. A., & Ingram, D. K. (2004). Aging in rhesus monkeys: relevance to human health interventions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1423–1426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, J., & Wang, Q. (2012). Body Area Communications. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Meyers, M. A. (2011). Meyers’ Dynamic Radiology of the Abdomen: Normal and Pathologic Anatomy (C. Charnsangavej & M. Oliphant, Eds.; 6th ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ussery, D. W., Wassenaar, T. M., & Borini, S. (2009). The Challenges of Programming: A Brief Introduction. In D. W. Ussery, T. M. Wassenaar, & S. Borini (Eds.), Computing for Comparative Microbial Genomics: Bioinformatics for Microbiologists (pp. 69–91). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Educational Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 2). Facebook To Use Artificial Intelligence To Spot Suicidal Users. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). NASA Budget: Carryover Balances in Selected Programs (T-NSIAD-96-207). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kino, M. Y. (2015). My Concierge MD, Inc. a business plan [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, February 6). Patriots’ Super Bowl Victory Features a Big Comeback, Just Not for N.F.L. Ratings. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stella, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Morgan & Shilatifard, 2013; Stella, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morgan & Shilatifard, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Lower et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Roth et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Educational Research
AbbreviationRev. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0034-6543
ISSN (online)1935-1046

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