How to format your references using the Review of Educational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Educational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venkatraman, V. (2015). Working life. The space roboticist. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaib, N. A., & Quinn, T. (2009). Reassessing the source of long-period comets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5945), 1234–1236.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins, J. F., McIntyre, K., & Schrag, D. P. (2002). The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5599), 1769–1773.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Zhu, L., Wang, R., Miao, L., Jiang, H., Yuan, H., Ma, H., & Chen, N. (2014). Genetic variants in let-7/Lin28 modulate the risk of oral cavity cancer in a Chinese Han population. Scientific Reports, 4, 7434.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steele, D. (2011). From Therapist to Coach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Diederich, M., & Noworyta, K. (Eds.). (2012). Natural compounds as inducers of cell death: volume 1. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheilaris, P., Gargano, L., Rescigno, A. A., & Smorodinsky, S. (2012). Strong Conflict-Free Coloring for Intervals. In K.-M. Chao, T.-S. Hsu, & D.-T. Lee (Eds.), Algorithms and Computation: 23rd International Symposium, ISAAC 2012, Taipei, Taiwan, December 19-21, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 4–13). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Educational Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, July 8). NASA’s “RoboGloves” Could Double The Strength Of Your Hand. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Intermodal Transportation: Results of GAO’s Survey on Air-Rail Connectivity (GAO-13-692SP, August 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-691 (GAO-13-692SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sponsel, H. (2010). Was sagte dieser Schiller (damals)? Schillers Antworten auf seine Kritiker nach 1945 [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2009, January 28). Russian Orthodox Church Elects Outspoken Patriarch. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venkatraman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kaib & Quinn, 2009; Venkatraman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaib & Quinn, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Adkins et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Educational Research
AbbreviationRev. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0034-6543
ISSN (online)1935-1046

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