How to format your references using the Review of Educational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Educational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Steed, J. W. (2002). Materials science. Molecular “ghosts.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 976–977.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amini, A., & Cheng, C. (2013). Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition. Scientific Reports, 3, 2476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ofstad, T. A., Zuker, C. S., & Reiser, M. B. (2011). Visual place learning in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature, 474(7350), 204–207.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gurnett, D. A., Zarka, P., Manning, R., Kurth, W. S., Hospodarsky, G. B., Averkamp, T. F., Kaiser, M. L., & Farrell, W. M. (2001). Non-detection at Venus of high-frequency radio signals characteristic of terrestrial lightning. Nature, 409(6818), 313–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn-Deinstrop, E. (2006). Dünnschicht-Chromatographie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Panguluri, S. K., & Kumar, A. A. (Eds.). (2013). Phenotyping for Plant Breeding: Applications of Phenotyping Methods for Crop Improvement. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marek, V. W., & Truszczynski, M. (2007). Rough Sets and Approximation Schemes. In M. Kryszkiewicz, J. F. Peters, H. Rybinski, & A. Skowron (Eds.), Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: International Conference, RSEISP 2007, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 22–28). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Educational Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 18). Using Electricity, Not Molecules, To Switch Cells On And Off. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs (B-161939). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grosso, T. (2015). Exploring How Older Adults Who Qualify for the Association on Aging with Developmental Disabilities (AADD) Programs and Services Learn to Successfully Age in Place [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kinsley, M. (2017, June 17). Trump the Transparent. New York Times, SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Steed, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Amini & Cheng, 2013; Steed, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amini & Cheng, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Ofstad et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gurnett et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Educational Research
AbbreviationRev. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0034-6543
ISSN (online)1935-1046

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