How to format your references using the Review of Educational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Review of Educational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell, T. P. (2013). Materials science. Polymers find plenty of wiggle room at the bottom. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1351–1352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elowitz, M. B., & Leibler, S. (2000). A synthetic oscillatory network of transcriptional regulators. Nature, 403(6767), 335–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara, J. M., Fawcett, T. W., & Houston, A. I. (2013). An adaptive response to uncertainty generates positive and negative contrast effects. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6136), 1084–1086.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tiwari, M., Sharma, D., Singh, M., Tripathi, R. D., & Trivedi, P. K. (2014). Expression of OsMATE1 and OsMATE2 alters development, stress responses and pathogen susceptibility in Arabidopsis. Scientific Reports, 4, 3964.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgrossi, L., & Zhang, T. (2012). Vehicle Safety Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kwak, D. (2011). Computation of Viscous Incompressible Flows (C. C. Kiris, Ed.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Faggioni, L., Lazzarini, R., & Neri, E. (2010). TC multistrato. In F. Paolicchi & E. Neri (Eds.), Elementi di tomografia computerizzata (pp. 35–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Review of Educational Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 28). Mice Have Been A Close Companion Of Humans For 15,000 Years. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Urban Transportation: Challenges to Widespread Deployment of Intelligent Transportation Systems (RCED-97-74). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua, K. P. (2014). Langue et identité dans les milieux populaires québécois et antillais [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2006, January 1). The Legacies They Left. New York Times, 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Elowitz & Leibler, 2000; Russell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elowitz & Leibler, 2000)
  • Three authors: (McNamara et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tiwari et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleReview of Educational Research
AbbreviationRev. Educ. Res.
ISSN (print)0034-6543
ISSN (online)1935-1046

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