How to format your references using the Journal of Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennell, R. 2011. Archaeology. An earlier Acheulian arrival in South Asia. Science 331: 1532–1533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkins, J.F. & Gesteland, R. 2002. Biochemistry. The 22nd amino acid. Science 296: 1409–1410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, G., Jalil, M.B.A. & Liang, G. 2014. Effect of band-alignment operation on carrier transport in Bi2Se3 topological insulator. Sci. Rep. 4: 6220.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lin, D., Pan, J., Huang, H., Chen, G., Qiu, S., Shi, H., et al. 2014. Label-free blood plasma test based on surface-enhanced Raman scattering for tumor stages detection in nasopharyngeal cancer. Sci. Rep. 4: 4751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chan, E.P. 2013. Algorithmic Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Billinton, R., Karki, R. & Verma, A.K. (eds). 2013. Reliability and Risk Evaluation of Wind Integrated Power Systems. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Skuk, D. & Tremblay, J.P. 2006. A Historic Recapitulation of Myoblast Transplantation. In: Stem Cell Therapy and Tissue Engineering for Cardiovascular Repair: From Basic Research to Clinical Applications (N. Dib, D. A. Taylor, & E. B. Diethrich, eds), pp. 61–79. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. LHC Finds Particles That Defy The Standard Model Of Physics. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Should Provide the Congress with More Information on the Pioneer Venus Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zou, X. 2014. Magneto-optical properties of ferromagnetic nanostructures on modified nanosphere templates. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. 2017. The Mets Believe Cabrera Could Be a Keeper.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dennell, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Atkins & Gesteland, 2002; Dennell, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkins & Gesteland, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolutionary Biology
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1010-061X
ISSN (online)1420-9101
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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