How to format your references using the Journal of Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H. 2001. Current role suggests the shape of future work opportunities. Nature 409: 963–964.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bilham, R. & England, P. 2001. Plateau “pop-up” in the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Nature 410: 806–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melcák, I., Hoelz, A. & Blobel, G. 2007. Structure of Nup58/45 suggests flexible nuclear pore diameter by intermolecular sliding. Science 315: 1729–1732.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huang, H., Regan, K.M., Lou, Z., Chen, J. & Tindall, D.J. 2006. CDK2-dependent phosphorylation of FOXO1 as an apoptotic response to DNA damage. Science 314: 294–297.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loughran, M. 2010. Auditing for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Evans, R. 2012. Complex Classroom Encounters: A South African Perspective (A. Cleghorn, ed). SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Legutke, S. 2012. Building Earth System Models. In: Earth System Modelling - Volume 5: Tools for Configuring, Building and Running Models (G. Riley, R. Budich, & R. Redler, eds), pp. 45–54. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Hope: The First Arab Space Probe Planned To Go To Mars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Acquisition Approach for Commercial Crew Transportation Includes Good Practices, but Faces Significant Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scheepers, E.M. 2014. Psychotherapists’ use of outcome measures in psychotherapy practice: Differences related to academic background. Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. 2017. A Nazi Script Comes to Light.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gavaghan, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bilham & England, 2001; Gavaghan, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bilham & England, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolutionary Biology
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1010-061X
ISSN (online)1420-9101
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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