How to format your references using the Journal of Evolutionary Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolutionary Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hogan, C.J. 2002. Cosmology. The beginning of time. Science 295: 2223–2225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J.R.A. & Kier, W.M. 2003. Switching skeletons: hydrostatic support in molting crabs. Science 301: 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jansen, J.F.A., Gearhart, J.D. & Bulte, J.W.M. 2008. Comment on “Magnetic resonance spectroscopy identifies neural progenitor cells in the live human brain.” Science 321: 640.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhou, Z.-H., Wild, T., Xiong, Y., Sylvers, P., Zhang, Y., Zhang, L., et al. 2013. Polyreactive antibodies plus complement enhance the phagocytosis of cells made apoptotic by UV-light or HIV. Sci. Rep. 3: 2271.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Biegelman, M.T. 2013. Faces of Fraud. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dethloff, J., Haasis, H.-D., Kopfer, H., Kotzab, H. & Schönberger, J. (eds). 2015. Logistics Management: Products, Actors, Technology - Proceedings of the German Academic Association for Business Research, Bremen, 2013. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Morel, J.E. 2006. Discrete-Ordinates Methods for Radiative Transfer in the Non-Relativistic Stellar Regime. In: Computational Methods in Transport: Granlibakken 2004 (F. Graziani, ed), pp. 69–81. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolutionary Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. How Whales Became The Largest Animals Ever To Live. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Tax Policy: Historical Tax Treatment of INTELSAT and Current Tax Rules for Satellite Corporations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, C.A. 2014. A cultural confluence: Approaches to embedding cultural insights and inclusion throughout the marketing process. Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2003. Learning to Be a Golightly Girl.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hogan, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Hogan, 2002; Taylor & Kier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor & Kier, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolutionary Biology
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Biol.
ISSN (print)1010-061X
ISSN (online)1420-9101
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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