How to format your references using the Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gille, S.: Oceanography. How ice shelves melt, Science, 346, 1180–1181, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Byrne, S. and Ingersoll, A. P.: A sublimation model for martian south polar ice features, Science, 299, 1051–1053, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck, A. L., Turner, S. M., and Liss, P. S.: Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates, Science, 297, 1151–1154, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Yamazaki, Y., Hirai, Y., Miyake, K., and Shimada, T.: Targeted gene transfer into ependymal cells through intraventricular injection of AAV1 vector and long-term enzyme replacement via the CSF, Sci. Rep., 4, 5506, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McAulay, A. D.: Military Laser Technology for Defense, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Faletra, F. F.: Atlas of Real Time 3D Transesophageal Echocardiography, edited by: Castro, S., Pandian, N. G., Kronzon, I., Nesser, H.-J., and Yen Ho, S., Springer, London, XVI, 220 p. 239 illus. in color pp., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Vidal-Rosset, J.: Does Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorem Prove that Truth Transcends Proof?, in: The Age of Alternative Logics: Assessing Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics Today, edited by: Benthem, J. van, Heinzmann, G., Rebuschi, M., and Visser, H., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 51–73, 2006.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems.

Blog post
Vaccinated Tasmanian Devils Experience Cancer Remission:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donihoo, K.: Best Practices and Strategies Used by Church Leaders to Mitigate and Prevent Burnout Among Church Volunteers, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W.: Teamsters Pension Fund Warns 400,000 of Cuts, New York Times, 7th October, B1, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gille, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gille, 2014; Byrne and Ingersoll, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Byrne and Ingersoll, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamazaki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sensors and Sensor Systems
AbbreviationJ. Sens. Sens. Syst.
ISSN (print)2194-8771
ISSN (online)2194-878X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles