How to format your references using the Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Resch, K. J.: Physics. Amplifying a tiny optical effect, Science, 319(5864), 733–734, 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wain-Hobson, S. and Weiss, R. A.: If free speech costs lives that’s a high price to pay, Nature, 407(6806), 834, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Häusser, M., Major, G. and Stuart, G. J.: Differential shunting of EPSPs by action potentials, Science, 291(5501), 138–141, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Stone, E. C., Cummings, A. C., McDonald, F. B., Heikkila, B. C., Lal, N. and Webber, W. R.: Voyager 1 explores the termination shock region and the heliosheath beyond, Science, 309(5743), 2017–2020, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castle, D., Cline, C., Daar, A. S., Tsamis, C. and Singer, P. A.: Science, Society, and the Supermarket, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2006.
An edited book
Licata, I.: Quantum Potential: Physics, Geometry and Algebra, edited by D. Fiscaletti, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Meslé, F., Vallin, J. and Shkolnikov, V.: Eighty Years of Sex-Specific and Age-Specific Mortality Trends, in Mortality and Causes of Death in 20th-Century Ukraine, edited by J. Vallin, pp. 89–101, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Poll Shows 41% of American Adults Believe Antibiotics Treat Viruses, IFLScience, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Analysis of Cost Estimates for the Space Shuttle and Two Alternate Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gros, T. R.: A templated agarose scaffold for axon guidance in the central and peripheral nervous system, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA., 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J. B.: Justifiably, This Buck Stopped With the Chief Executive, New York Times, 13th October, B3, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Resch, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Resch, 2008; Wain-Hobson and Weiss, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wain-Hobson and Weiss, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Stone et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sensors and Sensor Systems
AbbreviationJ. Sens. Sens. Syst.
ISSN (print)2194-8771
ISSN (online)2194-878X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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