How to format your references using the Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bender, E.: Developing world: Global warning, Nature, 509, S64-5, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stolinsky, D. C. and Rubinstein, E.: Science’s Conversation with Jiang Zemin, Science, 289, 548–549, 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kortenkamp, S. J., Wetherill, G. W., and Inaba, S.: Runaway growth of planetary embryos facilitated by massive bodies in a protoplanetary disk, Science, 293, 1127–1129, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Jia, Q., Liu, Y., Liu, H., and Li, S.: Mmp1 and Mmp2 cooperatively induce Drosophila fat body cell dissociation with distinct roles, Sci. Rep., 4, 7535, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goossens, F.: How to Implement Market Models Using VBA, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Harris, J. R. (Ed.): Protein Aggregation and Fibrillogenesis in Cerebral and Systemic Amyloid Disease, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XVIII, 650 p pp., 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Blocki, J., Christin, N., Datta, A., and Sinha, A.: Adaptive Regret Minimization in Bounded-Memory Games, in: Decision and Game Theory for Security: 4th International Conference, GameSec 2013, Fort Worth, TX, USA, November 11-12, 2013. Proceedings, edited by: Das, S. K., Nita-Rotaru, C., and Kantarcioglu, M., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 65–84, 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems.

Blog post
Ants Craft Their Own Powerful Antibiotics By Mixing Different Substances:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal R&D Budget, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katsky, C. S.: Open Secrets: Congressional Oversight of the CIA in the Early Cold War, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J.: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times, 14th July, MM16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bender, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bender, 2014; Stolinsky and Rubinstein, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stolinsky and Rubinstein, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Jia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sensors and Sensor Systems
AbbreviationJ. Sens. Sens. Syst.
ISSN (print)2194-8771
ISSN (online)2194-878X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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