How to format your references using the Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeebe, R. E.: Journal club. A physicist and biogeochemist gets a kick out of the problem of Brownian motion and diffusion, Nature, 466, 1025, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch, E. M. and Bar-Yam, Y.: Theory predicts the uneven distribution of genetic diversity within species, Nature, 431, 449–452, 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ando, R., Mizuno, H., and Miyawaki, A.: Regulated fast nucleocytoplasmic shuttling observed by reversible protein highlighting, Science, 306, 1370–1373, 2004.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Hargreaves, E. L., Rao, G., Lee, I., and Knierim, J. J.: Major dissociation between medial and lateral entorhinal input to dorsal hippocampus, Science, 308, 1792–1794, 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohl, J.: Building Science, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK, 2011.
An edited book
Vázquez, E. (Ed.): Progress of Recycling in the Built Environment: Final report of the RILEM Technical Committee 217-PRE, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XXX, 286 p pp., 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu, M., Penney, G. P., Rueckert, D., Edwards, P. J., Bello, F., Casula, R., Figl, M., and Hawkes, D. J.: Non-rigid Reconstruction of the Beating Heart Surface for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, in: Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2009: 12th International Conference, London, UK, September 20-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part I, edited by: Yang, G.-Z., Hawkes, D., Rueckert, D., Noble, A., and Taylor, C., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 34–42, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sensors and Sensor Systems.

Blog post
Revolutionary New Spacesuit Has First Trial:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ADP Modernization: IRS’ Automated Examination System--Troubled Past, Uncertain Future, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yuan, S.: Aberrations of anamorphic optical systems, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harney, J.: A Hack for Dissidents: Cover the Phone’s Lens, New York Times, 14th December, A8, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeebe, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Zeebe, 2010; Rauch and Bar-Yam, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauch and Bar-Yam, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hargreaves et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sensors and Sensor Systems
AbbreviationJ. Sens. Sens. Syst.
ISSN (print)2194-8771
ISSN (online)2194-878X
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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