How to format your references using the Results in Pharma Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Results in Pharma Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Sagdeev, History of science. Sputnik and the Soviets, Science. 318 (2007) 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Brookmeyer, N. Blades, Prevention of inhalational anthrax in the U.S. outbreak, Science. 295 (2002) 1861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y.-C. Chuang, J.-Y. Wu, M.-F. Lin, Electric field dependence of excitation spectra in AB-stacked bilayer graphene, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Stallard, S. Miller, H. Melin, M. Lystrup, S.W.H. Cowley, E.J. Bunce, N. Achilleos, M. Dougherty, Jovian-like aurorae on Saturn, Nature. 453 (2008) 1083–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K.H. Michaelian, Photoacoustic Infrared Spectroscopy, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
F.H. Schweingruber, Atlas of Stem Anatomy in Herbs, Shrubs and Trees: Volume 2, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Rozowsky, P. Bertone, T. Royce, S. Weissman, M. Snyder, M. Gerstein, Analysis of Genomic Tiling Microarrays for Transcript Mapping and the Identification of Transcription Factor Binding Sites, in: J.C. Setubal, S. Verjovski-Almeida (Eds.), Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2005, Sao Leopoldo, Brazil, July 27-29, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 28–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Results in Pharma Sciences.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Five Little-Known Diseases To Watch Out For In 2017, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, UMTA Project Oversight and Mass Transit Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
I. Binney, Registered Nurses’ Perceptions of Work Engagement and Turnover Intentions in a Long-Term Care Facility: A Case Study, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R.A. Medellín, D.J. Melnick, M.C. Pearl, Protect Our Bats, New York Times. (2014) A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResults in Pharma Sciences
AbbreviationResults Pharma Sci.
ISSN (print)2211-2863
ScopeLPN and LVN
Pharmaceutical Science
Sociology and Political Science

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