How to format your references using the Pervasive and Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pervasive and Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.V. Morgan, Comment on “Determining chondritic impactor size from the marine osmium isotope record,” Science. 321 (2008) 1158; author reply 1158.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Barnes, R. Sambles, Physics. Only skin deep, Science. 305 (2004) 785–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. Lutz, W. Sanderson, S. Scherbov, The coming acceleration of global population ageing, Nature. 451 (2008) 716–719.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Charnoz, C.C. Porco, E. Déau, A. Brahic, J.N. Spitale, G. Bacques, K. Baillie, Cassini discovers a kinematic spiral ring around Saturn, Science. 310 (2005) 1300–1304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.M. Carroll, C. Bowyer-Crane, F.J. Duff, C. Hulme, M.J. Snowling, Developing Language and Literacy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
J.L. Fiadeiro, N. Harman, M. Roggenbach, J. Rutten, eds., Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science: First International Conference, CALCO 2005, Swansea, UK, September 3-6, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Ahsan, J.N. Mordeson, M. Shabir, Fuzzy Quasi-ideals and Fuzzy Bi-ideals in Semirings, in: J.N. Mordeson, M. Shabir (Eds.), Fuzzy Semirings with Applications to Automata Theory, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 83–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pervasive and Mobile Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Alan Turing’s Code-Breaking Papers Discovered Stuffed In Roof Holes At Bletchley Park, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Enhanced Its Canine Program, but Opportunities May Exist to Reduce Costs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.A. Bergh, Reconfiguring academic priorities: Through the eyes of Michigan community college Chief Academic Officers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: In Hindsight; Texas-Size Failure, New York Times. (1992) 111.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePervasive and Mobile Computing
AbbreviationPervasive Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1574-1192
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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