How to format your references using the Pervasive and Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pervasive and Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Brumfiel, US societies unite in plea for boost to research budgets, Nature. 421 (2003) 100.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Dalton, D. Cyranoski, Baja peninsula claims five victims in tragic accident, Nature. 404 (2000) 533.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Ghosh, A. Segal, T. Voets, Distinct modes of perimembrane TRP channel turnover revealed by TIR-FRAP, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7111.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Rothschild, O. Weissbrod, E. Barkan, A. Kurilshikov, T. Korem, D. Zeevi, P.I. Costea, A. Godneva, I.N. Kalka, N. Bar, S. Shilo, D. Lador, A.V. Vila, N. Zmora, M. Pevsner-Fischer, D. Israeli, N. Kosower, G. Malka, B.C. Wolf, T. Avnit-Sagi, M. Lotan-Pompan, A. Weinberger, Z. Halpern, S. Carmi, J. Fu, C. Wijmenga, A. Zhernakova, E. Elinav, E. Segal, Environment dominates over host genetics in shaping human gut microbiota, Nature. 555 (2018) 210–215.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Beiser, Unified Optical Scanning Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
P. D’Ambra, M. Guarracino, D. Talia, eds., Euro-Par 2010 - Parallel Processing: 16th International Euro-Par Conference, Ischia, Italy, August 31 - September 3, 2010, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
R.E. Brown, J.L. Kuk, Composite Risk Scores, in: J.I. Mechanick, R.F. Kushner (Eds.), Lifestyle Medicine: A Manual for Clinical Practice, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 41–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pervasive and Mobile Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Five Years After The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Impacts On Gulf Communities And Seafood, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.J. Wilbur, Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ABBY GOODNOUGH; Linda Brockman contributed reporting from Fort Lauderdale for this article, Wanting Facts Firsthand, Teenager Makes Secret Trip to Iraq, New York Times. (2005) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePervasive and Mobile Computing
AbbreviationPervasive Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1574-1192
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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