How to format your references using the Pervasive and Mobile Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pervasive and Mobile Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.E. Melançon 3rd, Biochemistry: Elusive source of sulfur unravelled, Nature. 518 (2015) 45–46.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.G. Petcherski, J. Kimble, LAG-3 is a putative transcriptional activator in the C. elegans Notch pathway, Nature. 405 (2000) 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Bilham, V.K. Gaur, P. Molnar, Earthquakes. Himalayan seismic hazard, Science. 293 (2001) 1442–1444.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A.C.N. Garabato, K.L. Polzin, B.A. King, K.J. Heywood, M. Visbeck, Widespread intense turbulent mixing in the Southern Ocean, Science. 303 (2004) 210–213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Brunet, Sustainable Geography, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
A. Ammar, M. Bernstein, eds., Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice: Value-based Medicine, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Kubin, P. Commendatore, I. Sushko, Some Dynamical Models in Regional Economics: Economic Structure and Analytic Tools, in: G.I. Bischi, A. Panchuk, D. Radi (Eds.), Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Tools and Applications for Economic Modelling: Lectures Given at the COST Training School on New Economic Complex Geography at Urbino, Italy, 17-19 September 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 213–256.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pervasive and Mobile Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Throwing Science At Anti-Vaxxers Just Makes Them More Hardline, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Shuttle: Incomplete Data and Funding Approach Increase Cost Risk for Upgrade Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Pundir, Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet, Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, Chatting With Bowie, New York Times. (2016) BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePervasive and Mobile Computing
AbbreviationPervasive Mob. Comput.
ISSN (print)1574-1192
ScopeComputer Science (miscellaneous)
Applied Mathematics

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