How to format your references using the European Journal of Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, J.T., 2005. Regulation of X-chromosome counting by Tsix and Xite sequences. Science 309, 768–771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vigevani, L., Valcárcel, J., 2014. Molecular biology. A splicing magic bullet. Science 345, 624–625.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murthy, V.R., van Westrenen, W., Fei, Y., 2003. Experimental evidence that potassium is a substantial radioactive heat source in planetary cores. Nature 423, 163–165.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Prusinkiewicz, P., Erasmus, Y., Lane, B., Harder, L.D., Coen, E., 2007. Evolution and development of inflorescence architectures. Science 316, 1452–1456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blicq, R.S., Moretto, L.A., 2015. Writing Reports to Get Results. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Qi, E., Shen, J., Dou, R. (Eds.), 2013. Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management: Theory and Apply of Industrial Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tang, Y., Parsons, S., Sklar, E., 2007. Modeling Human Education Data: From Equation-Based Modeling to Agent-Based Modeling, in: Antunes, L., Takadama, K. (Eds.), Multi-Agent-Based Simulation VII: International Workshop, MABS 2006, Hakodate, Japan, May 8, 2006, Revised and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Neanderthals Used Eagle Talons to Make Jewelry [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Financial Management Systems: Additional Efforts Needed to Address Key Causes of Modernization Failures (No. GAO-06-184). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimapilis, B., 2015. Service line extension: Acquisition of fluoroscopy equipment to supplement pain management procedures (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. Singed From the Attack, Trees Find a Safer Home. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2005; Vigevani and Valcárcel, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vigevani and Valcárcel, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Prusinkiewicz et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1462-3889
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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