How to format your references using the European Journal of Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donlan, J., 2005. Re-wilding North America. Nature 436, 913–914.
A journal article with 2 authors
Charbonnel, C., Talon, S., 2005. Influence of gravity waves on the internal rotation and Li abundance of solar-type stars. Science 309, 2189–2191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christeson, G.L., McIntosh, K.D., Karson, J.A., 2007. Inconsistent correlation of seismic layer 2a and lava layer thickness in oceanic crust. Nature 445, 418–421.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Packer, C., Ikanda, D., Kissui, B., Kushnir, H., 2005. Conservation biology: lion attacks on humans in Tanzania. Nature 436, 927–928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chakrabarty, P., 2012. A Guide to Academia. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Bailey, J., Khan, L., Washio, T., Dobbie, G., Huang, J.Z., Wang, R. (Eds.), 2016. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 20th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2016, Auckland, New Zealand, April 19-22, 2016, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Stein, E., Rüter, M., Ohnimus, S., Wiechmann, K., 2009. Computational Verification and Validation of Engineering Structures Via Error-Controlled Model and Discretization Adaptivity, in: Ibrahimbegovic, A., Zlatar, M. (Eds.), Damage Assessment and Reconstruction after War or Natural Disaster, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 109–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Men Are Not Biologically Useless After All … [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Transportation Infrastructure: States’ Implementation of Transportation Management Systems (No. RCED-97-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horaist, D.W., 2015. Estimating Seed Bank Responses to Changing Environmental Conditions in the Louisiana Coastal Zone (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyall, S., 2014. Olympic Fears Rattle Athletes and Families. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donlan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Charbonnel and Talon, 2005; Donlan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Charbonnel and Talon, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Packer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1462-3889
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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