How to format your references using the European Journal of Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Antonelli, A., 2015. Biodiversity: Multiple origins of mountain life. Nature 524, 300–301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carr, J.S., Najita, J.R., 2008. Organic molecules and water in the planet formation region of young circumstellar disks. Science 319, 1504–1506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klahr, D., Zimmerman, C., Jirout, J., 2011. Educational interventions to advance children’s scientific thinking. Science 333, 971–975.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smakowska-Luzan, E., Mott, G.A., Parys, K., Stegmann, M., Howton, T.C., Layeghifard, M., Neuhold, J., Lehner, A., Kong, J., Grünwald, K., Weinberger, N., Satbhai, S.B., Mayer, D., Busch, W., Madalinski, M., Stolt-Bergner, P., Provart, N.J., Mukhtar, M.S., Zipfel, C., Desveaux, D., Guttman, D.S., Belkhadir, Y., 2018. An extracellular network of Arabidopsis leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases. Nature 553, 342–346.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McAulay, A.D., 2011. Military Laser Technology for Defense. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mróz, Z., Stavroulakis, G.E. (Eds.), 2005. Parameter Identification of Materials and Structures, CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences, Courses and Lectures. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Alcaraz, C., Lopez, J., 2012. Addressing Situational Awareness in Critical Domains of a Smart Grid, in: Xu, L., Bertino, E., Mu, Y. (Eds.), Network and System Security: 6th International Conference, NSS 2012, Wuyishan, Fujian, China, November 21-23, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 58–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Taliban Issue Unusual Statement Encouraging Afghans To Plant Trees [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Department of Education Could Improve Its Monitoring and Assistance (No. GAO-04-961). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavoie, D., 2010. Ecotone (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S.R., 2013. Bonjour, America! New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Antonelli, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Antonelli, 2015; Carr and Najita, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carr and Najita, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Smakowska-Luzan et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1462-3889
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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