How to format your references using the European Journal of Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C., 2003. The silent treatment. Nature 422, 342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nordborg, M., Weigel, D., 2008. Next-generation genetics in plants. Nature 456, 720–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheung, W.W.L., Watson, R., Pauly, D., 2013. Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch. Nature 497, 365–368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jovanovic-Talisman, T., Tetenbaum-Novatt, J., McKenney, A.S., Zilman, A., Peters, R., Rout, M.P., Chait, B.T., 2009. Artificial nanopores that mimic the transport selectivity of the nuclear pore complex. Nature 457, 1023–1027.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sengupta, D.L., Liepa, V.V., 2005. Applied Electromagnetics and Electromagnetic Compatibility. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jones, S., 2016. On Mutant Pedagogies: Seeking Justice and Drawing Change in Teacher Education, Doing Arts Thinking, Arts Practice, Research and Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Livesey, R., 2016. Remembering Radicalism on the Midlands Turnpike: George Eliot, Felix Holt, and William Cobbett, in: Bristow, J., McDonagh, J. (Eds.), Nineteenth-Century Radical Traditions. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 85–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Folded DNA Recreates A Nano-Sized Van Gogh Painting [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals (No. GAO-01-289). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo, P., 2010. Evaluation of the flicker effect as a generative strategy in enhancing computer -based instruction (CBI) of visual recognition and classification (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. An Elvis Convention: The ‘Fat’ One Takes a Flop, But Lands On His Feet. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nordborg and Weigel, 2008; Smith, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nordborg and Weigel, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jovanovic-Talisman et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1462-3889
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles