How to format your references using the European Journal of Oncology Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Oncology Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNutt, M., 2013. Climate change impacts. Science 341, 435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kara, P., Boyd, J.D., 2009. A micro-architecture for binocular disparity and ocular dominance in visual cortex. Nature 458, 627–631.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, X., Wang, Y., Li, M., 2014. Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter. Sci. Rep. 4, 6070.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, K.L.-C., Yoshida, H., Lurin, C., Ecker, J.R., 2004. Regulation of ethylene gas biosynthesis by the Arabidopsis ETO1 protein. Nature 428, 945–950.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brower, M.C., 2012. Wind Resource Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Howlett, R.J., Jain, L.C., Lee, S.H. (Eds.), 2011. Sustainability in Energy and Buildings: Results of the Second International Conference on Sustainability in Energy and Buildings (SEB’10), Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Buchholz, T.A., Madary, D.A., Bork, D., Younos, T., 2016. Stream Restoration in Urban Environments: Concept, Design Principles, and Case Studies of Stream Daylighting, in: Younos, T., Parece, T.E. (Eds.), Sustainable Water Management in Urban Environments, The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 121–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Oncology Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Couple Wake Up To Find An Unexpected Guest On Their Porch [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. Defaulted Student Loans: Private Lender Collection Efforts Often Inadequate (No. HRD-87-48). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carter, I.M., 2015. The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M., 2017. A Cry for Help as a Witness Recounts a Man’s Fall Onto the Subway Tracks. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNutt, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kara and Boyd, 2009; McNutt, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kara and Boyd, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Oncology Nursing
AbbreviationEur. J. Oncol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1462-3889
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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