How to format your references using the BMC Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Both C. Comment on “Rapid advance of spring arrival dates in long-distance migratory birds.” Science. 2007;315:598; author reply 598.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Thomas PC, Robinson MS. Seismic resurfacing by a single impact on the asteroid 433 Eros. Nature. 2005;436:366–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Aguirre A, Rubio ME, Gallo V. Notch and EGFR pathway interaction regulates neural stem cell number and self-renewal. Nature. 2010;467:323–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Q, Zhang Y, Yang C, Xiong H, Lin Y, Yao J, et al. Acetylation of metabolic enzymes coordinates carbon source utilization and metabolic flux. Science. 2010;327:1004–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Huzurbazar AV. Flowgraph Models for Multistate Time-to-Event Data: Huzurbazar/Flowgraph Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1. Merker GP. Simulating Combustion: Simulation of combustion and pollutant formation for engine-development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cook RF. Microstructural Control of Indentation Crack Extension under Externally Applied Stress. In: Bradt RC, Munz D, Sakai M, White KW, editors. Fracture Mechanics of Ceramics: Active Materials, Nanoscale Materials, Composites, Glass and Fundamentals. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005. p. 57–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Mystery Disease Driving Turtles To Extinction. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mystery-disease-driving-turtles-extinction-waiting-turtle-photo/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: Implementation and Sustainability of Reform Efforts Could Benefit From Enhanced Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kelleher A. Gendered Intent to Turnover Resulting from Workplace Bullying in Nursing and Medical Fields. Doctoral dissertation. Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M. Swiss Conductor Will Lead the Vienna State Opera. New York Times. 2017;:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Biochemistry
AbbreviationBMC Biochem.
ISSN (online)1471-2091
ScopeBiochemistry
Molecular Biology

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