How to format your references using the BMC Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMC Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Holt RD. Evolutionary biology. Use it or lose it. Nature. 2000;407:689–90.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Oppo DW, Rosenthal Y. Oceans. The great Indo-Pacific communicator. Science. 2010;328:1492–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Capraro V, Jordan JJ, Rand DG. Heuristics guide the implementation of social preferences in one-shot Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6790.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Liu C, Xiao Y, Li X, Oppert B, Tabashnik BE, Wu K. Cis-mediated down-regulation of a trypsin gene associated with Bt resistance in cotton bollworm. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lui SH. Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Bauzer Medeiros C, Egenhofer MJ, Bertino E, editors. Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 9th International Symposium, SSTD 2005, Angra dos Reis, Brazil, August 22-24, 2005. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Inselberg A, Lai PL. Visualization and Data Mining for High Dimensional Data. In: Braslavski P, Karpov N, Worring M, Volkovich Y, Ignatov DI, editors. Information Retrieval: 8th Russian Summer School, RuSSIR 2014, Nizhniy, Novgorod, Russia, August 18-22, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 142–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMC Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Cell Structure Has A Similar Shape To Matter In Neutron Stars. IFLScience. 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/cell-structure-has-a-similar-shape-to-matter-in-neutron-stars/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Braynen W. Beyond Price Signaling: Choice, Information and Justice. Doctoral dissertation. University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gorman J. Up for Anyting: The Common Swift, Ever in the Air. New York Times. 2016;:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMC Biochemistry
AbbreviationBMC Biochem.
ISSN (online)1471-2091
ScopeBiochemistry
Molecular Biology

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