How to format your references using the Contemporary Justice Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Justice Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telesco, C. (2006). Astronomy. Born with flare. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walter, R. C., & Merritts, D. J. (2008). Natural streams and the legacy of water-powered mills. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5861), 299–304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, H., Aihara, K., & Chen, L. (2014). Detecting causality from nonlinear dynamics with short-term time series. Scientific Reports, 4, 7464.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, Z., Li, G., Wang, C., Jing, Y., Zhu, Y., Zhang, S., & Liu, Y. (2014). Community dynamics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes in an estuary reservoir. Scientific Reports, 4, 6966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover, L. (2010). Trading Options in Turbulent Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Prain, G., Lee-Smith, D., & Karanja, N. (Eds.). (2010). African Urban Harvest: Agriculture in the Cities of Cameroon, Kenya and Uganda. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wassenaar, T. M., & Newell, D. G. (2006). The Genus Campylobacter. In M. Dworkin, S. Falkow, E. Rosenberg, K.-H. Schleifer, & E. Stackebrandt (Eds.), The Prokaryotes: Volume 7: Proteobacteria: Delta, Epsilon Subclass (pp. 119–138). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Justice Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 15). Slow Motion Video: Underwater Bullet. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Questionable Need for All Schools Planned by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (CED-78-55). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas, M. (2012). Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2006, November 3). On Nassau Ballot, an Open-Space Bond Issue. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telesco, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Telesco, 2006; Walter & Merritts, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walter & Merritts, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Ma et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sun et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Justice Review
AbbreviationContemp. Justice Rev.
ISSN (print)1028-2580
ISSN (online)1477-2248

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