How to format your references using the Contemporary Justice Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Justice Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2007). Tools for drug discovery: tools of the trade. Nature, 446(7132), 219–222.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mounce, R. C. P., & Wills, M. A. (2011). Phylogenetic position of Diania challenged. Nature, 476(7359), E1; discussion E3-4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heeney, J. L., Dalgleish, A. G., & Weiss, R. A. (2006). Origins of HIV and the evolution of resistance to AIDS. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5786), 462–466.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Catalanotto, C., Azzalin, G., Macino, G., & Cogoni, C. (2000). Gene silencing in worms and fungi. Nature, 404(6775), 245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bates, J., Gallon, C., Bocci, M., Walker, S., & Taylor, T. (2006). Converged Multimedia Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Moisan, M. (2012). Physics of Collisional Plasmas: Introduction to High-Frequency Discharges (J. Pelletier, Ed.). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kemper, C., & Oxley, I. (2012). The Benefits of Version Control. In I. Oxley (Ed.), Foundation Version Control for Web Developers (pp. 75–90). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Justice Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 20). Antimicrobial Material Could Help 3D-Printed Body Parts Resist Infection. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). D.C. Charter Schools: Strengthening Monitoring and Process When Schools Close Could Improve Accountability and Ease Student Transitions (GAO-06-73). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vestergaard, E. V. (2015). The shadow in Latvian mythological legends: A Jungian perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery, M. (2017, August 10). Sales Drop at Macy’s Punishes Its Stock. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mounce & Wills, 2011; Smith, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mounce & Wills, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Heeney et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Catalanotto et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Justice Review
AbbreviationContemp. Justice Rev.
ISSN (print)1028-2580
ISSN (online)1477-2248

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