How to format your references using the Contemporary Justice Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Justice Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Groves, J. T. (2006). Chemistry. Unveiling the membrane domains. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5795), 1901–1902.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleppner, D., & Jackiw, R. (2000). One hundred years of quantum physics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5481), 893–898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyron-Holtz, E. G., Ghosh, M. C., & Rouault, T. A. (2004). Mammalian tissue oxygen levels modulate iron-regulatory protein activities in vivo. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5704), 2087–2090.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Baek, S.-Y., Kaneda, F., Ozawa, M., & Edamatsu, K. (2013). Experimental violation and reformulation of the Heisenberg’s error-disturbance uncertainty relation. Scientific Reports, 3, 2221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saadoun, A. P. (2012). Esthetic Soft Tissue Management of Teeth and Implants. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Swiątek, J., Grzech, A., Swiątek, P., & Tomczak, J. M. (Eds.). (2014). Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013) (Vol. 240). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gornitzka, Å. (2009). Networking Administration in Areas of National Sensitivity: The Commission and European Higher Education. In A. Amaral, G. Neave, C. Musselin, & P. Maassen (Eds.), European Integration and the Governance of Higher Education and Research (pp. 109–131). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Justice Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 26). Using HIV To Cut And Paste The Human Genome. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). School Dropouts: The Extent and Nature of the Problem (HRD-86-106BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escobedo, K. (2017). Sana Mente Center [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2002, April 6). World Briefing | Asia: Russia: Journalist’s Body Found. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Groves, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Groves, 2006; Kleppner & Jackiw, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleppner & Jackiw, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Meyron-Holtz et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Baek et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Justice Review
AbbreviationContemp. Justice Rev.
ISSN (print)1028-2580
ISSN (online)1477-2248

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