How to format your references using the Contemporary Justice Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Justice Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fortini, M. E. (2007). Medicine. Anticipating trouble from gene transcription. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1800–1801.
A journal article with 2 authors
Santen, L., & Krauth, W. (2000). Absence of thermodynamic phase transition in a model glass former. Nature, 405(6786), 550–551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jonsson, G. E., Miljkovic, V., & Dmitriev, A. (2014). Nanoplasmon-enabled macroscopic thermal management. Scientific Reports, 4, 5111.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Burkepile, D. E., Allgeier, J. E., Shantz, A. A., Pritchard, C. E., Lemoine, N. P., Bhatti, L. H., & Layman, C. A. (2013). Nutrient supply from fishes facilitates macroalgae and suppresses corals in a Caribbean coral reef ecosystem. Scientific Reports, 3, 1493.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès, H. (2013). Linear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Freudenthal, G., & McLaughlin, P. (Eds.). (2009). The Social and Economic Roots of the Scientific Revolution: Texts by Boris Hessen and Henryk Grossmann (1st ed., Vol. 278). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Amador, F., & Padrel Oliveira, C. (2013). Integrating Sustainability into the University: Past, Present, and Future. In S. Caeiro, W. L. Filho, C. Jabbour, & U. M. Azeiteiro (Eds.), Sustainability Assessment Tools in Higher Education Institutions: Mapping Trends and Good Practices Around the World (pp. 65–78). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Justice Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 28). Explainer: What Is Microgravity? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Business Continuity and Contingency Plans and Day One Strategies (No. T-AIMD-00-40). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevenson, J. (2012). Differences in physical activity behavior between insulin using diabetics versus non-insulin using diabetics (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. W. (2009, December 29). Quotation of the Day. New York Times, p. A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fortini, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fortini, 2007; Santen & Krauth, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Santen & Krauth, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Jonsson, Miljkovic, & Dmitriev, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Burkepile et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Justice Review
AbbreviationContemp. Justice Rev.
ISSN (print)1028-2580
ISSN (online)1477-2248

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