How to format your references using the Contemporary Justice Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Justice Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wain-Hobson, S. (2013). H5N1 viral-engineering dangers will not go away. Nature, 495(7442), 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Osteryoung, K. W., & Nunnari, J. (2003). The division of endosymbiotic organelles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5651), 1698–1704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aubert, J., Finlay, C. C., & Fournier, A. (2013). Bottom-up control of geomagnetic secular variation by the Earth’s inner core. Nature, 502(7470), 219–223.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zwally, H. J., Abdalati, W., Herring, T., Larson, K., Saba, J., & Steffen, K. (2002). Surface melt-induced acceleration of Greenland ice-sheet flow. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 218–222.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hasslacher, C., & Böhm, S. (2005). Diabetes and the Kidney. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Leszczynski, J., & Shukla, M. K. (Eds.). (2012). Practical Aspects of Computational Chemistry I: An Overview of the Last Two Decades and Current Trends. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Palin, V. V., & Radkevich, E. V. (2015). On the Riemann’s Problem for One Nonstrictly Hyperbolic System. In V. A. Sadovnichiy & M. Z. Zgurovsky (Eds.), Continuous and Distributed Systems II: Theory and Applications (pp. 83–99). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Justice Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 15). Vitamin D May Protect Against Cognitive Decline. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Impact Aid: Most School Construction Requests Are Unfunded and Outdated (HRD-90-90). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carley, R. (2013). Evaluation of the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and hurricanes on wildfires in southeast Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, July 14). Judge Voids Deal Over Prince Catalog. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wain-Hobson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Osteryoung & Nunnari, 2003; Wain-Hobson, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Osteryoung & Nunnari, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Aubert et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zwally et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Justice Review
AbbreviationContemp. Justice Rev.
ISSN (print)1028-2580
ISSN (online)1477-2248

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