How to format your references using the Contemporary Justice Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Justice Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klug, A. (2001). Structural biology. A marvellous machine for making messages. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1844–1846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levitt, S. D., & List, J. A. (2008). Economics. Homo economicus evolves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5865), 909–910.
A journal article with 3 authors
Müller, K., Fedosov, D. A., & Gompper, G. (2014). Margination of micro- and nano-particles in blood flow and its effect on drug delivery. Scientific Reports, 4, 4871.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fahrer, A. M., Bazan, J. F., Papathanasiou, P., Nelms, K. A., & Goodnow, C. C. (2001). A genomic view of immunology. Nature, 409(6822), 836–838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau, J. (2011). The Last Caudillo. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Fiadeiro, J. L., Harman, N., Roggenbach, M., & Rutten, J. (Eds.). (2005). Algebra and Coalgebra in Computer Science: First International Conference, CALCO 2005, Swansea, UK, September 3-6, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3629). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Isidoro, C., Fachada, N., Barata, F., & Rosa, A. (2009). Agent-Based Model of Aedes aegypti Population Dynamics. In L. S. Lopes, N. Lau, P. Mariano, & L. M. Rocha (Eds.), Progress in Artificial Intelligence: 14th Portuguese Conference on Artificial Intelligence, EPIA 2009, Aveiro, Portugal, October 12-15, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 53–64). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Justice Review.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, August 2). SpaceX Given Second Mission By NASA To Launch Astronauts Into Space. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Administration of Family Planning Grants Awarded to Genesee Family Planning Program, Inc (HRD-78-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giles, C. L. (2015). Faculty mentoring of undergraduate students: A qualitative phenomenological study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, October 28). Insult My Mom, Please. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klug, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Klug, 2001; Levitt & List, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levitt & List, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Müller et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fahrer et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Justice Review
AbbreviationContemp. Justice Rev.
ISSN (print)1028-2580
ISSN (online)1477-2248

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