How to format your references using the Pacific Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pacific Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Adami, Artificial intelligence: Robots with instincts, Nature. 521 (2015) 426–427.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. Watanabe, H. Noji, Characterization of the temperature-sensitive reaction of F1-ATPase by using single-molecule manipulation, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4962.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Keppler, M. Wiedenbeck, S.S. Shcheka, Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle, Nature. 424 (2003) 414–416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L.H. Freitas-Junior, E. Bottius, L.A. Pirrit, K.W. Deitsch, C. Scheidig, F. Guinet, U. Nehrbass, T.E. Wellems, A. Scherf, Frequent ectopic recombination of virulence factor genes in telomeric chromosome clusters of P. falciparum, Nature. 407 (2000) 1018–1022.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Chitty, A. Raftery, Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
F. Karimi-Busheri, ed., Biobanking in the 21st Century, 1st ed. 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Melançon, C. Rozenblat, Structural Analysis of Networks, in: C. Rozenblat, G. Melançon (Eds.), Methods for Multilevel Analysis and Visualisation of Geographical Networks, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2013: pp. 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pacific Science Review.

Blog post
J. Fang, Stink Bug Moms Choose the Color of Their Eggs, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Railroad Regulation: Changes in Railroad Rates and Service Quality Since 1990, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.D. Terrell, Exact solutions to combinatorial optimizations and the traveling baseball fan problem, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, Keeping Outsiders Outside, New York Times. (1998) 149.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePacific Science Review
AbbreviationPac. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)1229-5450

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