How to format your references using the Aquatic Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCann, K.S., 2000. The diversity-stability debate. Nature 405, 228–233.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-Y., Jameson, S.C., 2012. Immunology. Remembering to be tolerant. Science 335, 667–668.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basole, A., White, L.E., Fitzpatrick, D., 2003. Mapping multiple features in the population response of visual cortex. Nature 423, 986–990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Young, G., Hundt, N., Cole, D., Fineberg, A., Andrecka, J., Tyler, A., Olerinyova, A., Ansari, A., Marklund, E.G., Collier, M.P., Chandler, S.A., Tkachenko, O., Allen, J., Crispin, M., Billington, N., Takagi, Y., Sellers, J.R., Eichmann, C., Selenko, P., Frey, L., Riek, R., Galpin, M.R., Struwe, W.B., Benesch, J.L.P., Kukura, P., 2018. Quantitative mass imaging of single biological macromolecules. Science 360, 423–427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Melville, A., 2010. Political Atlas of the Modern World. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Olivares-Tirado, P., 2014. Trends and Factors in Japan’s Long-Term Care Insurance System: Japan’s 10-year Experience, SpringerBriefs in Aging. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Dziegiel, P., Pula, B., Kobierzycki, C., Stasiolek, M., Podhorska-Okolow, M., 2016. Metallothioneins and Immune Function, in: Pula, B., Kobierzycki, C., Stasiolek, M., Podhorska-Okolow, M. (Eds.), Metallothioneins in Normal and Cancer Cells, Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Data.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. These US Military Drones Can Swarm Together Using A Hive Mind [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Survey of Selected Computer-Based Information Systems at the Food and Drug Administration (No. 088949). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zellner, K.M., 2008. An examination of grade distribution patterns and grade inflation at a baccalaureate nursing program (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., Koblin, J., 2016. Fox Settles Sex Harassment Suit as Another Host Abruptly Exits. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCann, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Jameson, 2012; McCann, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Jameson, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Young et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Data
ISSN (print)2468-1318

Other styles