How to format your references using the Aquatic Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kun, H., 2015. Evaluation: Moving away from metrics. Nature 520, S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale, J.E., Earle, P.S., 2000. Fine-scale heterogeneity in the Earth’s inner core. Nature 404, 273–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y., Zhang, X., Cao, D., 2013. The role of shape complementarity in the protein-protein interactions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3271.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Omta, A.W., Kropman, M.F., Woutersen, S., Bakker, H.J., 2003. Negligible effect of ions on the hydrogen-bond structure in liquid water. Science 301, 347–349.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kill, R., 2012. The BRC Global Standard for Food Safety. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Anderson, B., Gibney, M.J., Paoletti, E. (Eds.), 2013. The Social, Political and Historical Contours of Deportation, Immigrants and Minorities, Politics and Policy. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Boley, H., 2015. PSOA RuleML: Integrated Object-Relational Data and Rules, in: Faber, W., Paschke, A. (Eds.), Reasoning Web. Web Logic Rules: 11th International Summer School 2015, Berlin, Germany, July 31- August 4, 2015, Tutorial Lectures, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 114–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Data.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. First “Super Moon” Of The Year Will Be Visible July 12 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL“super-moon”-year-will-be-visible-july-12/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem (No. RCED/AIMD-99-57). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapple, C.M., 2015. A: Application of Polymeric Quaternary Ammonium Surfactant Clay Intercalates in Triphase Catalysis B: Effect of Various Compatibilizers in Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., Barry, E., 2013. At Bolshoi, Regrets And a New Appointment. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kun, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kun, 2015; Vidale and Earle, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vidale and Earle, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Omta et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Data
ISSN (print)2468-1318

Other styles