How to format your references using the Aquatic Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, H., 2000. Phytochromes and light signal perception by plants--an emerging synthesis. Nature 407, 585–591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, B.H., Amon, A., 2003. Role of Polo-like kinase CDC5 in programming meiosis I chromosome segregation. Science 300, 482–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lönnstedt, O.M., McCormick, M.I., Chivers, D.P., 2013. Predator-induced changes in the growth of eyes and false eyespots. Sci. Rep. 3, 2259.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lindquist, N.C., Johnson, T.W., Nagpal, P., Norris, D.J., Oh, S.-H., 2013. Plasmonic nanofocusing with a metallic pyramid and an integrated C-shaped aperture. Sci. Rep. 3, 1857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chong, Y.Y., 2004. Investment Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Shahid, S.A., Ahmed, M. (Eds.), 2014. Environmental Cost and Face of Agriculture in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: Fostering Agriculture in the Context of Climate Change. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Luks, A.M., Hopkins, S.R., 2014. Lung Function and Gas Exchange, in: Swenson, E.R., Bärtsch, P. (Eds.), High Altitude: Human Adaptation to Hypoxia. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Data.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. This Summer’s Arctic Sea Ice Extent Is The Second Lowest On Record [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Teacher Preparation: Multiple Federal Education Offices Support Teacher Preparation for Instructing Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners, but Systematic Departmentwide Coordination Could Enhance This Assistance (No. GAO-09-573). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGowan, H.C., 2008. The military experience: Perceptions from senior military officers’ wives (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2008. Russian Leaders Attend Patriarch’s Funeral. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Amon, 2003; Smith, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Amon, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lindquist et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Data
ISSN (print)2468-1318

Other styles