How to format your references using the Aquatic Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paul, D.R., 2012. Marerials science. Creating new types of carbon-based membranes. Science 335, 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, M.R., Frame, D.J., 2007. Atmosphere. Call off the quest. Science 318, 582–583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grevemeyer, I., Herber, R., Essen, H.H., 2000. Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Nature 408, 349–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bagchi, J., Durret, F., Neto, G.B.L., Paul, S., 2006. Giant ringlike radio structures around galaxy cluster Abell 3376. Science 314, 791–794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, H., Lawson, A., 2013. Anatomy for Anaesthetists. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Caramia, M., 2008. Multi-objective Management in Freight Logistics: Increasing Capacity, Service Level and Safety with Optimization Algorithms. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Reiter, U., Brunnström, K., De Moor, K., Larabi, M.-C., Pereira, M., Pinheiro, A., You, J., Zgank, A., 2014. Factors Influencing Quality of Experience, in: Möller, S., Raake, A. (Eds.), Quality of Experience: Advanced Concepts, Applications and Methods, T-Labs Series in Telecommunication Services. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Data.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. 500-Million-Year-Old Brains Hint at How Animal Heads Have Evolved [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Review of the State of Ohio’s Fiscal Year 1975 State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children (No. 088675). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, C., 2010. An after-school program at the middle school level for at-risk youth (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meyer, J.A., Meyer, L.R., 2007. Abolish Parole. New York Times 14CT15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Paul, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Allen and Frame, 2007; Paul, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Allen and Frame, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Bagchi et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Data
ISSN (print)2468-1318

Other styles