How to format your references using the Aquatic Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D., 2001. Institutes prepare for pioneering bioinformatics work. Nature 412, 106.
A journal article with 2 authors
Atkinson, T., Leeder, M., 2008. Geology. Canyon cutting on a grand time scale. Science 319, 1343–1344.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henrich, J., Heine, S.J., Norenzayan, A., 2010. Most people are not WEIRD. Nature 466, 29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gould, D.B., Phalan, F.C., Breedveld, G.J., van Mil, S.E., Smith, R.S., Schimenti, J.C., Aguglia, U., van der Knaap, M.S., Heutink, P., John, S.W.M., 2005. Mutations in Col4a1 cause perinatal cerebral hemorrhage and porencephaly. Science 308, 1167–1171.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Caban, S., Mehlführer, C., Rupp, M., Wrulich, M., 2011. Evaluation of HSDPA and LTE. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Keener, J., Sneyd, J. (Eds.), 2009. Mathematical Physiology: II: Systems Physiology, Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Balmer, A.S., Bulpin, K., Molyneux-Hodgson, S., 2016. Bodies, in: Bulpin, K., Molyneux-Hodgson, S. (Eds.), Synthetic Biology: A Sociology of Changing Practices. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 116–150.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Data.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Underground Methane Is Making The Russian Tundra Wobble Like Jello [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. USDA Restructuring: Refocus Info Share Program on Business Processes Rather Than Technology (No. AIMD-94-156). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Onal, B., 2015. RFID feasibility study for check-out stations at supermarkets (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Scare Easily? You’re in the Wrong Place. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Atkinson and Leeder, 2008; Butler, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Atkinson and Leeder, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gould et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Data
ISSN (print)2468-1318

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