How to format your references using the Aquatic Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hartung, T., 2009. Toxicology for the twenty-first century. Nature 460, 208–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chittka, L., Schürkens, S., 2001. Successful invasion of a floral market. Nature 411, 653.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hasty, J., McMillen, D., Collins, J.J., 2002. Engineered gene circuits. Nature 420, 224–230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhu, P., Chen, Y.-J., Hao, J.-H., Ge, J.-F., Huang, K., Tao, R.-X., Jiang, X.-M., Tao, F.-B., 2013. Maternal depressive symptoms related to Epstein-Barr virus reactivation in late pregnancy. Sci. Rep. 3, 3096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, R.J., Groundwater, P.W., Todd, A., Worsley, A.J., 2012. Antibacterial Agents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Davis, B., Kaljurand, K., Kuhn, T. (Eds.), 2014. Controlled Natural Language: 4th International Workshop, CNL 2014, Galway, Ireland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Niwa, M., Katada, N., Okumura, K., 2010. Catalytic Activity and Adsorption Property, in: Katada, N., Okumura, K. (Eds.), Characterization and Design of Zeolite Catalysts: Solid Acidity, Shape Selectivity and Loading Properties, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Data.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Tree Kangaroos: Real Life Teddy Bears [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. R&D Funding: The Department of Education in Perspective (No. PEMD-88-18FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, A.D., 2008. Measuring the efficacy of a Ninth Grade Academy on students with disabilities (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2015. The Progressive Who Didn’t Pass ‘Go.’ New York Times BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hartung, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Chittka and Schürkens, 2001; Hartung, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chittka and Schürkens, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Data
ISSN (print)2468-1318

Other styles