How to format your references using the Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers, R., 2008. A chemist believes that an ionic liquid is the place for a noxious gas. Nature 454, 555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rice, S.A., Haselkorn, R., 2012. Paul Mead Doty (1920-2011). Nature 481, 266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basch, M.L., Bronner-Fraser, M., García-Castro, M.I., 2006. Specification of the neural crest occurs during gastrulation and requires Pax7. Nature 441, 218–222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garkavtsev, I., Kozin, S.V., Chernova, O., Xu, L., Winkler, F., Brown, E., Barnett, G.H., Jain, R.K., 2004. The candidate tumour suppressor protein ING4 regulates brain tumour growth and angiogenesis. Nature 428, 328–332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reid, R., Fraser-King, G., Schwaderer, W.D., 2006. Data Lifecycles. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Collmann, J., Matei, S.A. (Eds.), 2016. Ethical Reasoning in Big Data: An Exploratory Analysis, Computational Social Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Paredes, H., Fernandes, H., Sousa, A., Fernandes, L., Koch, F., Fortes, R., Filipe, V., Barroso, J., 2015. Exploring Smart Environments Through Human Computation for Enhancing Blind Navigation, in: Koch, F., Guttmann, C., Busquets, D. (Eds.), Advances in Social Computing and Multiagent Systems: 6th International Workshop on Collaborative Agents Research and Development, CARE 2015 and Second International Workshop on Multiagent Foundations of Social Computing, MFSC 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, May 4, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 66–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2017. Did A Mysterious Asteroid Impact Wipe Out Prehistoric Native Americans? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Information Technology: Improvements Needed to More Accurately Identify and Better Oversee Risky Projects Totaling Billions of Dollars (No. GAO-06-1099T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs, J.R., 2009. The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.E., 2017. An agenda for South Korea’s new leader. New York Times 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rogers, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rice and Haselkorn, 2012; Rogers, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rice and Haselkorn, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Garkavtsev et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology
AbbreviationCrit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
ISSN (print)1040-8428
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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