How to format your references using the Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brockhurst, M., 2010. Journal club. An evolutionary biologist marvels at how species evolve to help each other out. Nature 464, 469.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pevzner, P., Shamir, R., 2009. Computing has changed biology--biology education must catch up. Science 325, 541–542.
A journal article with 3 authors
Magnuson, J.J., Safina, C., Sissenwine, M.P., 2001. Ecology and conservation. Whose fish are they anyway? Science 293, 1267–1268.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmitt, J.P., Kamisago, M., Asahi, M., Li, G.H., Ahmad, F., Mende, U., Kranias, E.G., MacLennan, D.H., Seidman, J.G., Seidman, C.E., 2003. Dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure caused by a mutation in phospholamban. Science 299, 1410–1413.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, R., 2011. A History of American Literature. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Naidu, G.V.C., Chen, M., Narayanan, R. (Eds.), 2015. India and China in the Emerging Dynamics of East Asia. Springer India, New Delhi.
A chapter in an edited book
Vish, M., Shanley, T.P., 2009. Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, in: Wheeler, D.S., Wong, H.R., Shanley, T.P. (Eds.), The Respiratory Tract in Pediatric Critical Illness and Injury. Springer, London, pp. 1–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Failed Mongol Armada Wreck Discovered off Japanese Coast [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Improved Risk Analysis Could Strengthen FAA’s Global Interoperability Efforts (No. GAO-15-608). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dennard, B., 2017. The Impact of Racial Centrality on Authenticity and the Race-Based Impression Management Strategies of Black Management Consultants (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S., 2017. Red Sox Used Apple Watch to Help Steal Signs, Inquiry Finds. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brockhurst, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Brockhurst, 2010; Pevzner and Shamir, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pevzner and Shamir, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmitt et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology
AbbreviationCrit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
ISSN (print)1040-8428
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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