How to format your references using the Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soares, D., 2002. Neurology: an ancient sensory organ in crocodilians. Nature 417, 241–242.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xie, J., Black, D.L., 2001. A CaMK IV responsive RNA element mediates depolarization-induced alternative splicing of ion channels. Nature 410, 936–939.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ward, C.V., Kimbel, W.H., Johanson, D.C., 2011. Complete fourth metatarsal and arches in the foot of Australopithecus afarensis. Science 331, 750–753.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hopkins, D.S., Pekker, D., Goldbart, P.M., Bezryadin, A., 2005. Quantum interference device made by DNA templating of superconducting nanowires. Science 308, 1762–1765.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cohen, C., 2013. Business Intelligence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Charushin, V., Chupakhin, O. (Eds.), 2014. Metal Free C-H Functionalization of Aromatics: Nucleophilic Displacement of Hydrogen, Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Vatsavai, V., Suravarapu, S., Mir, N.F., 2016. Implementation of P2P File Sharing Using Bi-directional Chord Protocol Algorithm, in: Sulaiman, H.A., Othman, M.A., Othman, M.F.I., Rahim, Y.A., Pee, N.C. (Eds.), Advanced Computer and Communication Engineering Technology: Proceedings of ICOCOE 2015, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Ancient Mini-Monster Head Mystery Solved – Here’s How We Did It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Federal Regulatory Policies (No. PAD-78-68). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Li, X., 2008. Two essays on “mining market basket data: Models and applications in marketing” (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2017. May Offers a Plan for Europeans to Stay in Britain After Brexit. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Soares, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Soares, 2002; Xie and Black, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xie and Black, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hopkins et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology
AbbreviationCrit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
ISSN (print)1040-8428
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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