How to format your references using the Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baruch, J., 2014. Practical science has a global reach and appeal. Nature 507, 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunham, L.R., Hayden, M.R., 2012. Medicine. Whole-genome sequencing: the new standard of care? Science 336, 1112–1113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aminetzach, Y.T., Macpherson, J.M., Petrov, D.A., 2005. Pesticide resistance via transposition-mediated adaptive gene truncation in Drosophila. Science 309, 764–767.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yao, Q., Lu, Z.-H., Zhang, Z., Chen, X., Lan, Y., 2014. One-pot synthesis of core-shell Cu@SiO2 nanospheres and their catalysis for hydrolytic dehydrogenation of ammonia borane and hydrazine borane. Sci. Rep. 4, 7597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dickson, E.F.G., 2012. Personal Protective Equipment for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Hazards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Issariyakul, T., 2012. Introduction to Network Simulator NS2, Second Edition. ed. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiesa, A., Fossati, F., Gambacciani, G., Pensavalle, E., 2015. Enabling Technologies for Active Space Debris Removal: The Cadet Project, in: Sgobba, T., Rongier, I. (Eds.), Space Safety Is No Accident: The 7th IAASS Conference. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 29–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. South Korea Fights To Halt MERS Outbreak [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2010 Expenditure Plan (No. GAO-10-539). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Donihoo, K., 2017. Best Practices and Strategies Used by Church Leaders to Mitigate and Prevent Burnout Among Church Volunteers (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R., 2016. A Firm Grip Brandished During a Low-Key Debut. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baruch, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Baruch, 2014; Brunham and Hayden, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunham and Hayden, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Yao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Reviews in Oncology / Hematology
AbbreviationCrit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
ISSN (print)1040-8428
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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