How to format your references using the Research Involvement and Engagement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Involvement and Engagement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Henrich J. Animal behaviour: inequity aversion in capuchins? Nature. 2004;428:139; discussion 140.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang L, Sigworth FJ. Structure of the BK potassium channel in a lipid membrane from electron cryomicroscopy. Nature. 2009;461:292–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Dotera T, Oshiro T, Ziherl P. Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals. Nature. 2014;506:208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gacemi D, Mangeney J, Colombelli R, Degiron A. Subwavelength metallic waveguides as a tool for extreme confinement of THz surface waves. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dewulf G, Blanken A, Bult-Spiering M. Strategic Issues in Public-Private Partnerships. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
1. Wittbrodt E. Dynamics of Flexible Multibody Systems: Rigid Finite Element Method. Adamiec-Wójcik I, Wojciech S, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kuehn S. The Dragon in Transcultural Skies: Its Celestial Aspect in the Medieval Islamic World. In: Gutschow N, Weiler K, editors. Spirits in Transcultural Skies: Auspicious and Protective Spirits in Artefacts and Architecture Between East and West. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Involvement and Engagement.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. 8 Amazing Natural Phenomena. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on NASA Budget Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1963 Dec. Report No.: B-152554.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Arntson JD. Heidegger and disclosive rhetoric: Two divergent paths in immanence and transcendence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Diversity Comes to Superheroes. New York Times. 2015 Dec 23;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Involvement and Engagement
AbbreviationRes. Involv. Engagem.
ISSN (online)2056-7529
Scope

Other styles