How to format your references using the Research Involvement and Engagement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Involvement and Engagement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Berthoud H-R. Medicine. Why does gastric bypass surgery work? Science. 2013;341:351–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Diamond J, Bellwood P. Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science. 2003;300:597–603.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Grinberg I, Cooper VR, Rappe AM. Relationship between local structure and phase transitions of a disordered solid solution. Nature. 2002;419:909–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ling H, Boudsocq F, Plosky BS, Woodgate R, Yang W. Replication of a cis-syn thymine dimer at atomic resolution. Nature. 2003;424:1083–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McGuiggan P. GPRS in Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Cleophas TJ. Machine Learning in Medicine - Cookbook Two. Zwinderman AH, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rainov NG, Whittle IR, Doh-ura K. Treatment Options in Patients with Prion Disease - the Role of Long Term Cerebroventricular Infusion of Pentosan Polysulphate. In: Kitamoto T, editor. Prions: Food and Drug Safety. Tokyo: Springer; 2005. p. 41–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Involvement and Engagement.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Simple tree branch filter makes dirty water drinkable. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Competition in the Mobile Communications Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-96-20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Manalo JB. Ascend Physical Therapy: A Private Practice Clinic for the Next Level [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Fitting More Into a Pop-Up. New York Times. 2010 Oct 7;E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Involvement and Engagement
AbbreviationRes. Involv. Engagem.
ISSN (online)2056-7529
Scope

Other styles