How to format your references using the Research Involvement and Engagement citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research Involvement and Engagement. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Crow MM. Digital learning: look, then leap. Nature. 2013;499:275–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Johansson S, Letokhov V. Resonance-enhanced two-photon ionization of ions by Lyman alpha radiation in gaseous nebulae. Science. 2001;291:625–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pesaran B, Nelson MJ, Andersen RA. Free choice activates a decision circuit between frontal and parietal cortex. Nature. 2008;453:406–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schoch S, Castillo PE, Jo T, Mukherjee K, Geppert M, Wang Y, et al. RIM1alpha forms a protein scaffold for regulating neurotransmitter release at the active zone. Nature. 2002;415:321–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ventre D. Information Warfare. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Kurbanoğlu S, Al U, Erdoğan PL, Tonta Y, Uçak N, editors. E-Science and Information Management: Third International Symposium on Information Management in a Changing World, IMCW 2012, Ankara, Turkey, September 19-21, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lieb KP, Zhang K, Müller GA, Gupta R, Schaaf P. Heavy Ion Irradiated Ferromagnetic Films: The Cases of Cobalt and Iron. In: Somayajulu DRS, Lieb K-P, editors. IWNMS 2004: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Nanomaterials, Magnetic Ions and Magnetic Semiconductors Studied Mostly by Hyperfine Interactions (IWNMS 2004) held in Baroda, India, 10–14 February 2004. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. p. 39–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research Involvement and Engagement.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Corals Beat Heat By Swapping Algal Partners [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/coral-beat-heat-swapping-algal-partners/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Land Management Systems: Status of BLM’s Actions to Improve Information Technology Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Feb. Report No.: AIMD-00-67.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Culumber JJ. Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. In Snowstorm, U.S. Finds Remedy For a Cold Spell. New York Times. 2013 Mar 24;SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch Involvement and Engagement
AbbreviationRes. Involv. Engagem.
ISSN (online)2056-7529
Scope

Other styles