How to format your references using the Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.Z. Jacobson, Comment on “Radiative absorption enhancements due to the mixing state of atmospheric black carbon,” Science. 339 (2013) 393.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.R. Montgomery, M. Manga, Streamflow and water well responses to earthquakes, Science. 300 (2003) 2047–2049.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Bobrov, A.J. Mayne, G. Dujardin, Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection, Nature. 413 (2001) 616–619.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Jiang, Z. Bao, X. Zhang, S.R. Eddy, S.R. Wessler, Pack-MULE transposable elements mediate gene evolution in plants, Nature. 431 (2004) 569–573.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Chitty, A. Raftery, Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
R. Popescu-Zeletin, I.A. Rai, K. Jonas, A. Villafiorita, eds., E-Infrastuctures and E-Services for Developing Countries: Second International ICST Conference, AFRICOM 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, November 25-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
F.D. Fragiskos, Equipment, Instruments, and Materials, in: F.D. Fragiskos (Ed.), Oral Surgery, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 43–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care.

Blog post
J. Fang, 3D-Printed Heart Helps Save A Newborn Baby’s Life, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Observations on the National School Lunch Program’s Assessment, Improvement, and Monitoring System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.A. Nolan, Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Carlson, Come Committed or Stay on the Couch, New York Times. (2010) MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care
AbbreviationTren. Anaesth. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)2210-8440
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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