How to format your references using the Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
R. Dalton, Legal row looms for gene-map firm, Nature. 423 (2003) 470.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
S. Nemoto, T. Finkel, Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathway, Science. 295 (2002) 2450–2452.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
A. Sakuda, A. Hayashi, M. Tatsumisago, Sulfide solid electrolyte with favorable mechanical property for all-solid-state lithium battery, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2261.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
B.S. Soares-Filho, D.C. Nepstad, L.M. Curran, G.C. Cerqueira, R.A. Garcia, C.A. Ramos, E. Voll, A. McDonald, P. Lefebvre, P. Schlesinger, Modelling conservation in the Amazon basin, Nature. 440 (2006) 520–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
I.W. Halbich, Cape Fold Belt‐Agulhas Bank Transect Across Gondwana Suture, Southern Africa, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C., 1993.
An edited book
[1]
A. Dillmann, G. Heller, E. Krämer, C. Wagner, C. Breitsamter, eds., New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics X: Contributions to the 19th STAB/DGLR Symposium Munich, Germany, 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
G. Stahl, Interactional Methods and Social Practices in VMT, in: G. Stahl (Ed.), Studying Virtual Math Teams, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Electric Eels Use Their High-Voltage Zaps To Both Stun And Track Prey, IFLScience. (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Opportunities for Improving Cash Management Practices, Regional Finance and Data Processing Center, Paris, France, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
S.M. Seyed Jalali Aghdam, Silica aerogel, an alternative to micromachined air gap for thermal insulation of microheaters, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
M.W. Walsh, K. Zezima, Small City, Big Debt Problems, New York Times. (2011) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care
AbbreviationTren. Anaesth. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)2210-8440
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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