How to format your references using the Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
G. Dyson, Turing centenary: The dawn of computing, Nature. 482 (2012) 459–460.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
A.C. Fabian, J.M. Miller, Astronomy. Black holes reveal their innermost secrets, Science. 297 (2002) 947–948.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
U.K. Rössler, A.N. Bogdanov, C. Pfleiderer, Spontaneous skyrmion ground states in magnetic metals, Nature. 442 (2006) 797–801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
R. Bell, A.A. Duke, P.E. Gilmore, D. Page, L. Bègue, Anxiolytic-like effects observed in rats exposed to the elevated zero-maze following treatment with 5-HT2/5-HT3/5-HT4 ligands, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
D.K. Ballast, Interior Detailing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
[1]
I. Chong, K. Kawahara, eds., Information Networking. Advances in Data Communications and Wireless Networks: International Conference, ICOIN 2006, Sendai, Japan, January 16-19, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
V.Y. Sosnovskikh, Fluorinated Pyrones, Chromones and Coumarins, in: V. Nenajdenko (Ed.), Fluorine in Heterocyclic Chemistry Volume 2: 6-Membered Heterocycles, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 211–290.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care.

Blog post
[1]
J. Fang, Powdered Alcohol Is Now Legal In The USA, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/powdered-alcohol-might-be-coming-summer/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Need To Strengthen Management Control Over the Basic Research Program Administered by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
C. Oppenheimer, Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
L. Greenhouse, Justices to Hear Challenge to Money-Laundering Law, New York Times. (2007) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTrends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care
AbbreviationTren. Anaesth. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)2210-8440
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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