How to format your references using the Central Asian Survey citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central Asian Survey. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schloss, Patrick D. 2014. “Microbiology: An Integrated View of the Skin Microbiome.” Nature 514 (7520): 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clapham, Paul R., and Shan Lu. 2011. “Vaccinology: Precisely Tuned Antibodies Nab HIV.” Nature 477 (7365): 416–417.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo, Ge, Wei Wang, and Allan Bradley. 2004. “Mismatch Repair Genes Identified Using Genetic Screens in Blm-Deficient Embryonic Stem Cells.” Nature 429 (6994): 891–895.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Cen, Cheng, Stefan Thiel, Jochen Mannhart, and Jeremy Levy. 2009. “Oxide Nanoelectronics on Demand.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5917): 1026–1030.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hackshaw, Allan. 2010. How to Write a Grant Application. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Sachithanadam, Mahesh. 2016. Silica Aerogel Composites: Novel Fabrication Methods. Edited by Sunil Chandrakant Joshi. Engineering Materials. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baldwin, John T. 2016. “Foundations of Mathematics: Reliability and Clarity: The Explanatory Role of Mathematical Induction.” In Logic, Language, Information, and Computation: 23rd International Workshop, WoLLIC 2016, Puebla, Mexico, August 16-19th, 2016. Proceedings, edited by Jouko Väänänen, Åsa Hirvonen, and Ruy de Queiroz, 68–82. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central Asian Survey.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. “Polar Bears Are Moving North Where There’s Year-Round Sea Ice.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Early Child Care and Education: HHS and Education Are Taking Steps to Improve Workforce Data and Enhance Worker Quality. GAO-12-248. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent, Pamela Sechrist. 2012. “The State of Chaos.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, James. 2017. “Sketching an Artistic Love Triangle.” New York Times, May 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schloss 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Schloss 2014; Clapham and Lu 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clapham and Lu 2011)
  • Three authors: (Guo, Wang, and Bradley 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Cen et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral Asian Survey
AbbreviationCentr. Asian Surv.
ISSN (print)0263-4937
ISSN (online)1465-3354
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles