How to format your references using the Central Asian Survey citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central Asian Survey. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rourke, Dara. 2014. “The Science of Sustainable Supply Chains.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6188): 1124–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pawson, Tony, and Piers Nash. 2003. “Assembly of Cell Regulatory Systems through Protein Interaction Domains.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5618): 445–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Donner, Simon D., Milind Kandlikar, and Hisham Zerriffi. 2011. “Environment and Development. Preparing to Manage Climate Change Financing.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6058): 908–909.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, Yue, Albert H. Kim, Tomoko Yamada, Bei Wu, Parizad M. Bilimoria, Yoshiho Ikeuchi, Núria de la Iglesia, Jie Shen, and Azad Bonni. 2009. “A Cdc20-APC Ubiquitin Signaling Pathway Regulates Presynaptic Differentiation.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 326 (5952): 575–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mansour, Mahmoud, Ray Wilhite, and Joe Rowe. 2017. Guide to Ruminant Anatomy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kienast, Felix, Otto Wildi, and Sucharita Ghosh, eds. 2007. A Changing World: Challenges for Landscape Research. Vol. 8. Landscape Series. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamza, Waleed. 2009. “The Nile Delta.” In The Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use, edited by Henri J. Dumont, 75–94. Monographiae Biologicae. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central Asian Survey.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2015. “Possible Major Advancement In Skin Cancer Treatment.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Board Operations and Oversight. GAO-07-865. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pryor, George L. 2013. “Effects of a Balance-Specific Exercise Program on Blood Pressure Medication Usage.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary. 2010. “Wrist Management.” New York Times, September 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Rourke 2014).
This sentence cites two references (O’Rourke 2014; Pawson and Nash 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pawson and Nash 2003)
  • Three authors: (Donner, Kandlikar, and Zerriffi 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral Asian Survey
AbbreviationCentr. Asian Surv.
ISSN (print)0263-4937
ISSN (online)1465-3354
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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