How to format your references using the Central Asian Survey citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central Asian Survey. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, Li. 2015. “China Must Act Decisively to Eradicate the Ivory Trade.” Nature 527 (7577): 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shindo, Asako, and John B. Wallingford. 2014. “PCP and Septins Compartmentalize Cortical Actomyosin to Direct Collective Cell Movement.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6171): 649–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culler, Stephanie J., Kevin G. Hoff, and Christina D. Smolke. 2010. “Reprogramming Cellular Behavior with RNA Controllers Responsive to Endogenous Proteins.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6008): 1251–1255.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Wong, Joe, Michael Krisch, Daniel L. Farber, Florent Occelli, Adam J. Schwartz, Tai-C Chiang, Mark Wall, Carl Boro, and Ruqing Xu. 2003. “Phonon Dispersions of Fcc Delta-Plutonium-Gallium by Inelastic x-Ray Scattering.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5636): 1078–1080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, Nicholas P. 2014. Dust Explosion and Fire Prevention Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sheng, Quan Z., and Jesper Kjeldskov, eds. 2013. Current Trends in Web Engineering: ICWE 2013 International Workshops ComposableWeb, QWE, MDWE, DMSSW, EMotions, CSE, SSN, and PhD Symposium, Aalborg, Denmark, July 8-12, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 8295. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Gorman, Gavin, and Stephen Blott. 2007. “Large Scale Simulation of Tor:” In Advances in Computer Science – ASIAN 2007. Computer and Network Security: 12th Asian Computing Science Conference, Doha, Qatar, December 9-11, 2007. Proceedings, edited by Iliano Cervesato, 48–54. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central Asian Survey.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Rock From Russia Contains 30,000 Diamonds.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1981. Coordinating and Linking Programs Directed Toward Increasing the Numbers of Minority and Disadvantaged Individuals in the Health Professions. HRD-81-87. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
George, Kathryn A. 2014. “Housing Adequacy and Civic Engagement in Los Angeles County.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2017. “From Spain to Romania, There’s No Respite From the Heat.” New York Times, August 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Zhang 2015; Shindo and Wallingford 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shindo and Wallingford 2014)
  • Three authors: (Culler, Hoff, and Smolke 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wong et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral Asian Survey
AbbreviationCentr. Asian Surv.
ISSN (print)0263-4937
ISSN (online)1465-3354
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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