How to format your references using the Central Asian Survey citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central Asian Survey. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spoor, Fred. 2015. “Palaeoanthropology: The Middle Pliocene Gets Crowded.” Nature 521 (7553): 432–433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bardgett, Richard D., and Wim H. van der Putten. 2014. “Belowground Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning.” Nature 515 (7528): 505–511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wynn, Thomas A., Ajay Chawla, and Jeffrey W. Pollard. 2013. “Macrophage Biology in Development, Homeostasis and Disease.” Nature 496 (7446): 445–455.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shi, Hailing, Xuliang Zhang, Yi-Lan Weng, Zongyang Lu, Yajing Liu, Zhike Lu, Jianan Li, et al. 2018. “M6A Facilitates Hippocampus-Dependent Learning and Memory through YTHDF1.” Nature 563 (7730): 249–253.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bagdonavičius, Vilijandas, Kruopis Julius, and Mikhail S. Nikulin. 2011. Non-Parametric Tests for Complete Data. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Elsenbroich, Corinna, David Anzola, and Nigel Gilbert, eds. 2016. Social Dimensions of Organised Crime: Modelling the Dynamics of Extortion Rackets. Computational Social Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Said, Hazem, Mohamed Dessouky, Reem El-Adawi, Hazem Abbas, and Hussein Shahein. 2011. “Analog Layout Retargeting.” In Analog Layout Synthesis: A Survey of Topological Approaches, edited by Helmut E. Graeb, 205–242. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central Asian Survey.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. “This Wind-Powered Ball Is The Godfather Of New Anti-Landmine Tech.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. NASA Contract Management. NSIAD-96-95R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jahan, Mina. 2015. “A Policy to Protect Hoarders: An Analysis of Fair Housing Amendments Act, 1988.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “U.S. Grateful to Be Part Of a Sport’s Growth.” New York Times, August 13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spoor 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Spoor 2015; Bardgett and van der Putten 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bardgett and van der Putten 2014)
  • Three authors: (Wynn, Chawla, and Pollard 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shi et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral Asian Survey
AbbreviationCentr. Asian Surv.
ISSN (print)0263-4937
ISSN (online)1465-3354
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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