How to format your references using the Central Asian Survey citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Central Asian Survey. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wade, Nicholas. 2009. “Retrospective. John Maddox (1925-2009).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 324 (5930): 1028.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslov, Sergei, and Kim Sneppen. 2002. “Specificity and Stability in Topology of Protein Networks.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 296 (5569): 910–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker, Travis H., Christian T. Carson, and Matthew D. Weitzman. 2002. “Adenovirus Oncoproteins Inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA Repair Complex.” Nature 418 (6895): 348–352.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Urnius, Eugenijus, William W. Brennessel, Christopher J. Cramer, John E. Ellis, and Paul von Ragué Schleyer. 2002. “A Carbon-Free Sandwich Complex [(P5)2Ti]2-.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 295 (5556): 832–834.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghavami, M., L. B. Michael, and R. Kohno. 2006. Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bagińska, Ewa, ed. 2016. Damages for Violations of Human Rights: A Comparative Study of Domestic Legal Systems. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 9. Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Brodusch, Nicolas, Michel L. Trudeau, Pierre Michaud, Mathieu Brochu, Lisa Rodrigue, Julien Boselli, and Raynald Gauvin. 2016. “Improvement in the Characterization of the 2099 Al-Li Alloy by FE-SEM.” In ICAA13 Pittsburgh: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Aluminum Alloys, edited by Hasso Weiland, Anthony D. Rollett, and William A. Cassada, 23–28. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Central Asian Survey.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Major California Faults Ready To Rupture.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Transportation for Older Adults: Measuring Results Could Help Determine If Coordination Efforts Improve Mobility. GAO-15-158. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Veru, Peter T. 2009. “The National-Dobro Guitar Company: How the Resonator Guitar Survived the Age of Electric Amplification.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Running in Place.” New York Times, February 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wade 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wade 2009; Maslov and Sneppen 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maslov and Sneppen 2002)
  • Three authors: (Stracker, Carson, and Weitzman 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Urnius et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCentral Asian Survey
AbbreviationCentr. Asian Surv.
ISSN (print)0263-4937
ISSN (online)1465-3354
ScopeEarth-Surface Processes
Geography, Planning and Development

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