How to format your references using the Research in the Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in the Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Breaker, R.R.: Complex riboswitches. Science. 319, 1795–1797 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chilingarian, I., Zolotukhin, I.: Galaxy evolution. Isolated compact elliptical galaxies: stellar systems that ran away. Science. 348, 418–421 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Delsuc, F., Phillips, M.J., Penny, D.: Comment on “Hexapod origins: monophyletic or paraphyletic?” Science. 301, 1482; author reply 1482 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brown, K.N., Chen, S., Han, Z., Lu, C.-H., Tan, X., Zhang, X.-J., Ding, L., Lopez-Cruz, A., Saur, D., Anderson, S.A., Huang, K., Shi, S.-H.: Clonal production and organization of inhibitory interneurons in the neocortex. Science. 334, 480–486 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu, M., Băjenescu, T.: Failure Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
Close, J.-P. ed: AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City: The Invisible made Visible Phase 1. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Dubois, S., Kaaouachi, M.-H., Petit, F.: Enabling Minimal Dominating Set in Highly Dynamic Distributed Systems. In: Pelc, A. and Schwarzmann, A.A. (eds.) Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 17th International Symposium, SSS 2015, Edmonton, AB, Canada, August 18-21, 2015, Proceedings. pp. 51–66. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in the Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Mathematicians Work Out Zombie Apocalypse Plan,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Railroad Safety: DOT Should Better Manage Its Hazardous Materials Inspection Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1989)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhuang, S.: Enhancing Implicit Finite Element Sheet Forming Simulation, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B.: Fitness Classes for Saudi Arabia’s Girls, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in the Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationRes. Math. Sci.
ISSN (online)2197-9847

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