How to format your references using the Research in the Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in the Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D.: Big data: Data wrangling. Nature. 455, 15 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Zid, B.M., O’Shea, E.K.: Promoter sequences direct cytoplasmic localization and translation of mRNAs during starvation in yeast. Nature. 514, 117–121 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins, J.F., McIntyre, K., Schrag, D.P.: The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean. Science. 298, 1769–1773 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jerby, E., Dikhtyar, V., Aktushev, O., Grosglick, U.: The microwave drill. Science. 298, 587–589 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff, H.A., Reuben, B.G., Plotkin, J.S.: Industrial Organic Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Adan, O.C.G., Samson, R.A. eds: Fundamentals of mold growth in indoor environments and strategies for healthy living. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Dredge, D.: Tourism and Governance. In: Moscardo, G. and Benckendorff, P. (eds.) Education for Sustainability in Tourism: A Handbook of Processes, Resources, and Strategies. pp. 75–90. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in the Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: The Search For ET Has Been Going On For Years: So What Do We Know So Far?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1991)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mantilla, A.N.: The differences in the educational experiences and caregiver involvement in education between youth in foster care and those in care of their biological parents, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M.: Where Are Homes Being Built?, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in the Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationRes. Math. Sci.
ISSN (online)2197-9847

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