How to format your references using the Annals of Emergency Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Emergency Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Mooers AO. Biodiversity: Supply and demand. Nature. 2014;509(7499):171-172.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vollan B, Ostrom E. Social science. Cooperation and the commons. Science. 2010;330(6006):923-924.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kozloski J, Hamzei-Sichani F, Yuste R. Stereotyped position of local synaptic targets in neocortex. Science. 2001;293(5531):868-872.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Woodard JD, Sherrick BJ, Atwood DM, et al. The power of agricultural data. Science. 2018;362(6413):410-411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Leis JW. Digital Signal Processing Using MATLAB for Students and Researchers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Dick AJ. Prison Vocational Education and Policy in the United States: A Critical Perspective on Evidence-Based Reform. (Rich W, Waters T, eds.). Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Marques SPC, Creus GJ. Laplace Transform Solutions. In: Creus GJ, ed. Computational Viscoelasticity. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer; 2012:37-49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Emergency Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Nanoparticles Give Tumors One-Two Punch By Timing Drug Delivery. IFLScience. Published May 9, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/nanoparticles-give-tumors-one-two-punch-timing-drug-delivery/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. ADP Procurement: DOD’s Approach to Providing Logistics Data on Compact Disk Is Justified. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Khalili A. Spectrally formulated user-defined element in Abaqus for wave motion analysis and health monitoring of composite structures. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Anderson J. The Documentary Left Looks to the Right. New York Times. March 17, 2017:AR15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Emergency Medicine
AbbreviationAnn. Emerg. Med.
ISSN (print)0196-0644
ScopeEmergency Medicine

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