How to format your references using the Advances in Molecular Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advances in Molecular Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K.R. Chien, Regenerative medicine and human models of human disease, Nature. 453 (2008) 302–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Lubin, A.M. Vogelmann, A climatologically significant aerosol longwave indirect effect in the Arctic, Nature. 439 (2006) 453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Shi, G.W. Tyson, E.F. DeLong, Metatranscriptomics reveals unique microbial small RNAs in the ocean’s water column, Nature. 459 (2009) 266–269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.-J. Rubin, M.C. Zody, J. Eriksson, J.R.S. Meadows, E. Sherwood, M.T. Webster, L. Jiang, M. Ingman, T. Sharpe, S. Ka, F. Hallböök, F. Besnier, O. Carlborg, B. Bed’hom, M. Tixier-Boichard, P. Jensen, P. Siegel, K. Lindblad-Toh, L. Andersson, Whole-genome resequencing reveals loci under selection during chicken domestication, Nature. 464 (2010) 587–591.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Blanchet, M. Charbit, Digital Signal and Image Processing Using Matlab®, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
L. Chen, C. Liu, X. Zhang, S. Wang, D. Strasunskas, S.L. Tomassen, J. Rao, W.-S. Li, K.S. Candan, D.K.W. Chiu, Y. Zhuang, C.A. Ellis, K.-H. Kim, eds., Advances in Web and Network Technologies, and Information Management: APWeb/WAIM 2009 International Workshops: WCMT 2009, RTBI 2009, DBIR-ENQOIR 2009, PAIS 2009, Suzhou, China, April 2-4, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Fleischer, J. Jahnel, S.B. Seitz, Technology Assessment Beyond Toxicology – The Case of Nanomaterials, in: S. Arnaldi, A. Ferrari, P. Magaudda, F. Marin (Eds.), Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 79–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advances in Molecular Pathology.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Tiny New Species of Poisonous Frog Discovered, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Inquiry Into Possible Computer Processing Problems in School Lunch Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Hill, HIV-specific CD8 T-cell clonality, publicity and function under different vaccine modalities, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Steinhauer, G. Thrush, R. Pear, How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President, New York Times. (2017) A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvances in Molecular Pathology
ISSN (print)2589-4080

Other styles