How to format your references using the Neurodegenerative Disease Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurodegenerative Disease Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tolstoy M. Geophysics. What lies beneath. Science. 328(5974), 54–55 (2010).
A journal article with 2 authors
Reisz RR, Sues HD. The “feathers” of Longisquama. Nature. 408(6811), 428 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Nions K, Pitman R, Marsh C. Science of nuclear warheads. Nature. 415(6874), 853–857 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carulla N, Caddy GL, Hall DR, et al. Molecular recycling within amyloid fibrils. Nature. 436(7050), 554–558 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crook T, Kemp PA. Transforming Private Landlords. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Boju V. The Math Problems Notebook. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Shears A. Local to National and Back Again: Beer, Wisconsin & Scale. In: The Geography of Beer: Regions, Environment, and Societies. Patterson M, Hoalst-Pullen N (Eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 45–56 (2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurodegenerative Disease Management.

Blog post
Davis J. Bees With Mad Ball Skills Taught To Score “Goals” [Internet]. IFLScience (2017). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. [Comments on GAO Legal Opinion on DOT Authority to Requisition Vessels of U.S. Citizens]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kyereboah R. Criteria For Appointing Board Members to Corporate Boards in Ghana. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Maître D’ Says “Buona Sera,” but Back Home, It’s “Buenos Días.” New York Times, 145 (2002).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurodegenerative Disease Management
AbbreviationNeurodegener. Dis. Manag.
ISSN (print)1758-2024
ISSN (online)1758-2032
ScopeClinical Neurology

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