How to format your references using the Neurodegenerative Disease Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurodegenerative Disease Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. Technology: the taste of things to come. Nature. 486(7403), S18-9 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
Suter DM, Schibler U. Physiology. Feeding the clock. Science. 326(5951), 378–379 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Devincre B, Hoc T, Kubin L. Dislocation mean free paths and strain hardening of crystals. Science. 320(5884), 1745–1748 (2008).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schulz M, Moshammer R, Fischer D, et al. Three-dimensional imaging of atomic four-body processes. Nature. 422(6927), 48–50 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye JD, Aisenberg J, Rubin PH. Practical Colonoscopy. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Taniar D, Gervasi O, Murgante B, Pardede E, Apduhan BO, editors. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2010: International Conference, Fukuoka, Japan, March 23-26, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ye J-C, Chen A, Huang X-N, Liu X-Y, Zhou H-L. Design and Implementation of a Taxi Intelligent Service System. In: Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Wuhan, China, November 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Bian F, Xie Y, Cui X, Zeng Y (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 43–50 (2013).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurodegenerative Disease Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. Why Do Mirrors Seem To Flip Things Horizontally? [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Implementing the Small Business Innovation Development Act--The First 2 Years. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bujarbarua V. Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Doing Business In Small Quarters. New York Times, 14WC8 (2000).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurodegenerative Disease Management
AbbreviationNeurodegener. Dis. Manag.
ISSN (print)1758-2024
ISSN (online)1758-2032
ScopeClinical Neurology

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