How to format your references using the Neurodegenerative Disease Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurodegenerative Disease Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saunders J. Physics. A glassy state of supersolid helium. Science. 324(5927), 601–602 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Gillson L, Hoffman MT. Ecology. Rangeland ecology in a changing world. Science. 315(5808), 53–54 (2007).
A journal article with 3 authors
Pierce JL, Meyer GA, Jull AJT. Fire-induced erosion and millennial-scale climate change in northern ponderosa pine forests. Nature. 432(7013), 87–90 (2004).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ilani S, Yacoby A, Mahalu D, Shtrikman H. Microscopic structure of the metal-insulator transition in two dimensions. Science. 292(5520), 1354–1357 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf V. The Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Marriott NG. Sanificazione nell’industria alimentare. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Grant DN, Padilla D, Greening PD. Orientation Dependence of Earthquake Ground Motion and Structural Response. In: Protection of Built Environment Against Earthquakes. Dolšek M (Ed.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 57–73 (2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurodegenerative Disease Management.

Blog post
Andrew E. California Blue Whales Bounce Back From Whaling [Internet]. IFLScience (2014). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. H.R. 13343, a Bill To Establish a Department of Education, and for Other Purposes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mizokami SK. Fall risk factors among cane and walker users and non-users. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Texas Association Criticized for Ruling on Jewish Team. New York Times, B16 (2012).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurodegenerative Disease Management
AbbreviationNeurodegener. Dis. Manag.
ISSN (print)1758-2024
ISSN (online)1758-2032
ScopeClinical Neurology

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