How to format your references using the Neurodegenerative Disease Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurodegenerative Disease Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D. ECONOMICS: “To Your Health” Is More Than a Toast to Economists. Science. 289(5483), 1275 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
González J, Petrov D. Genetics. MITEs--the ultimate parasites. Science. 325(5946), 1352–1353 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryu WS, Berry RM, Berg HC. Torque-generating units of the flagellar motor of Escherichia coli have a high duty ratio. Nature. 403(6768), 444–447 (2000).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nyberg J, Malmgren BA, Winter A, Jury MR, Kilbourne KH, Quinn TM. Low Atlantic hurricane activity in the 1970s and 1980s compared to the past 270 years. Nature. 447(7145), 698–701 (2007).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu J. Way of the Trade. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Greenbaum E, Zhou D, editors. Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications. Springer US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ishimori H, Kobayashi T, Ohki H, Okada H, Shimizu Y, Tanimoto M. Δ(3N 2). In: An Introduction to Non-Abelian Discrete Symmetries for Particle Physicists. Kobayashi T, Ohki H, Okada H, Shimizu Y, Tanimoto M (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 87–95 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurodegenerative Disease Management.

Blog post
Fang J. Leafcutter Ants Fight Fungus Infections with Antimicrobials [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FCC’s Decision To Consolidate Licensing Division in Gettysburg, Pa. Was Made Without Adequate Analysis. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chirwa KU. Encumbered Existence: A Three Movement Work for Jazz Orchestra. (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Plan for a Bryant Park Carousel Comes Around Yet Again. New York Times, 144 (2001).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurodegenerative Disease Management
AbbreviationNeurodegener. Dis. Manag.
ISSN (print)1758-2024
ISSN (online)1758-2032
ScopeClinical Neurology

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