How to format your references using the Research in Social Stratification and Mobility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, S. (2015). A potted history. Nature, 525(7570), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rychert, C. A., & Shearer, P. M. (2009). A global view of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5926), 495–498.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyes, N., Ginter, C., & Boudker, O. (2009). Transport mechanism of a bacterial homologue of glutamate transporters. Nature, 462(7275), 880–885.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lum, P. Y., Singh, G., Lehman, A., Ishkanov, T., Vejdemo-Johansson, M., Alagappan, M., Carlsson, J., & Carlsson, G. (2013). Extracting insights from the shape of complex data using topology. Scientific Reports, 3, 1236.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuehni, R. G. (2012). Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kuzmann, E., & Lázár, K. (Eds.). (2009). ISIAME 2008: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ISIAME 2008) held in Budapest, Hungary, 17–22 August 2008. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergstra, J. A. (2006). Elementary Algebraic Specifications of the Rational Function Field. In A. Beckmann, U. Berger, B. Löwe, & J. V. Tucker (Eds.), Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers: Second Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, Swansea, UK, June 30-July 5, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 40–54). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 24). Five Reasons To Put The Kettle On And Have A Cup Of Tea. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Missile Development: Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) Certification Issues (NSIAD-86-124BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, A. (2017). It All Started on a Lake [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins, A. (2013, September 30). In Trial, Romania Warily Revisits a Brutal Past. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Pain, 2015; Rychert & Shearer, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rychert & Shearer, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Reyes et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lum et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social Stratification and Mobility
AbbreviationRes. Soc. Stratif. Mobil.
ISSN (print)0276-5624
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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