How to format your references using the Research in Social Stratification and Mobility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Li, Y. (2014). The evolution of reputation-based partner-switching behaviors with a cost. Scientific Reports, 4, 5957.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kosten, S., & Lacerot, G. (2009). Life in science. It takes a village. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5932), 1265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Comas, D., Petit, F., & Preat, T. (2004). Drosophila long-term memory formation involves regulation of cathepsin activity. Nature, 430(6998), 460–463.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Keppler, F., Hamilton, J. T. G., Brass, M., & Röckmann, T. (2006). Methane emissions from terrestrial plants under aerobic conditions. Nature, 439(7073), 187–191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anson, E. M. (2014). Alexander’s Heirs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hüfner, S. (Ed.). (2007). Very High Resolution Photoelectron Spectroscopy (Vol. 715). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lant, C. L., & Lawson, M. J. (2016). Interactive Whiteboard Use and Student Engagement. In J. Orrell & D. D. Curtis (Eds.), Publishing Higher Degree Research: Making the Transition from Student to Researcher (pp. 33–42). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, November 12). Astronomers Have Discovered The Oldest Stars In Our Galaxy. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Federal Aviation Administration: Commercial Space Launch Industry Developments Present Multiple Challenges (GAO-15-706). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, W. C. (2015). Life satisfaction of Air Force civilian male spouses [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2009, December 27). Mileposts, With South Africa Around the Bend. New York Times, SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Li, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kosten & Lacerot, 2009; Li, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kosten & Lacerot, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Comas et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Keppler et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social Stratification and Mobility
AbbreviationRes. Soc. Stratif. Mobil.
ISSN (print)0276-5624
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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