How to format your references using the Research in Social Stratification and Mobility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Keimer, B. (2001). Physics. Quasi-particles survive--for now. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5521), 1498–1499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russell, E. V., & Israeloff, N. E. (2000). Direct observation of molecular cooperativity near the glass transition. Nature, 408(6813), 695–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichman, O. J., Jones, M. B., & Schildhauer, M. P. (2011). Challenges and opportunities of open data in ecology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6018), 703–705.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Page, S. E., Siegert, F., Rieley, J. O., Boehm, H.-D. V., Jaya, A., & Limin, S. (2002). The amount of carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesia during 1997. Nature, 420(6911), 61–65.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Engle, C. R., Quagrainie, K. K., & Dey, M. M. (2016). Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kalia, V. C. (Ed.). (2015). Microbial Factories: Biofuels, Waste treatment: Volume 1 (1st ed. 2015). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Parrisbalogun, S. (2013). Adherence. In S. Loue (Ed.), Mental Health Practitioner’s Guide to HIV/AIDS (pp. 75–76). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 9). Last 5 Years Were Hottest On Record, Leading To Loss Of Life And High Economic Costs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Problems in Regulating Selected Vaccines (B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stoecker, K. (2013). Transfer of Topic-Prominence in Chinese-English Interlanguage [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, June 26). The Mets Find Progress, And Hope for Montero, In a Sweep of the Giants. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Keimer, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Keimer, 2001; Russell & Israeloff, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Russell & Israeloff, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Reichman et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Page et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social Stratification and Mobility
AbbreviationRes. Soc. Stratif. Mobil.
ISSN (print)0276-5624
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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