How to format your references using the Research in Social Stratification and Mobility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strom, S. L. (2008). Microbial ecology of ocean biogeochemistry: a community perspective. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1043–1045.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N., & Tawfik, D. S. (2009). Protein dynamism and evolvability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 203–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, Z., White, P. S., & Brookhart, M. (2010). Ligand exchanges and selective catalytic hydrogenation in molecular single crystals. Nature, 465(7298), 598–601.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Geen, A., Zheng, Y., Stute, M., & Ahmed, K. M. (2003). Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (II). Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 584; author reply 584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Papadimitriou, G. I., Tsimoulas, P. A., Obaidat, M. S., & Pomportsis, A. S. (2005). Multiwavelength Optical LANs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mahlow, C., & Piotrowski, M. (Eds.). (2011). Systems and Frameworks for Computational Morphology: Second International Workshop, SFCM 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, August 26, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 100). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsujimoto, Y. (2007). Stability Analysis of Cavitating Flows Through Inducers. In L. d’Agostino & M. V. Salvetti (Eds.), Fluid Dynamics of Cavitation and Cavitating Turbopumps (pp. 191–210). Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, June 7). Extinct Giant Elephant Genetics Prove There Are Actually Two Living African Species. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). DOD Information Technology: Software and Systems Process Improvement Programs Vary in Use of Best Practices (No. GAO-01-116). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, K. (2015). Development of a facility-specific dietary training program for diet technicians (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, July 3). I.O.C. Nominates American, Signaling A Thaw in Relations. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strom, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Strom, 2008; Tokuriki & Tawfik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki & Tawfik, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Huang, White, & Brookhart, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (van Geen, Zheng, Stute, & Ahmed, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social Stratification and Mobility
AbbreviationRes. Soc. Stratif. Mobil.
ISSN (print)0276-5624
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles