How to format your references using the Research in Social Stratification and Mobility citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher, L. (2015). Avoid major disasters by welcoming minor change. Nature, 527(7576), 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parisien, M., & Major, F. (2008). The MC-Fold and MC-Sym pipeline infers RNA structure from sequence data. Nature, 452(7183), 51–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, S., Zhang, Y. E., & Long, M. (2010). New genes in Drosophila quickly become essential. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6011), 1682–1685.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sato, K., Aoki, K., Watanabe, Y. Y., & Miller, P. J. O. (2013). Neutral buoyancy is optimal to minimize the cost of transport in horizontally swimming seals. Scientific Reports, 3, 2205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chen, Y.-P., & Lim, M.-H. (Eds.). (2008). Linkage in Evolutionary Computation (Vol. 157). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Forzati, M., Chen, J., Kantor, M., Lannoo, B., Larsen, C. P., Mattsson, C., Mitcsenkov, A., Parca, G., Pereira, E., Pinto, A., Teixeira, A., Wosinska, L., & Zuhdi, M. (2012). Economics of Next-Generation Networks. In A. Teixeira & G. M. Tosi Beleffi (Eds.), Optical Transmission: The FP7 BONE Project Experience (pp. 235–274). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Social Stratification and Mobility.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 25). Mentally Complex Jobs Could Help Protect Against Certain Aspects Of Alzheimer’s. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Education Discretionary Grants: Awards Process Could Benefit From Additional Improvements (HEHS-00-55). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalton, R. (2010). The story of Huo Yuanjia and the narrative of national humiliation in post-Mao China [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Goldstein, J., & Schwirtz, M. (2013, October 11). U.S. Accuses 2 Rabbis of Kidnapping Husbands for a Fee. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher, 2015; Parisien & Major, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parisien & Major, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sato et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Social Stratification and Mobility
AbbreviationRes. Soc. Stratif. Mobil.
ISSN (print)0276-5624
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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