How to format your references using the Food Engineering Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Engineering Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watt FM (2014) Mammalian skin cell biology: at the interface between laboratory and clinic. Science 346:937–940
A journal article with 2 authors
Plous S, Herzog H (2001) Animal research. Reliability of protocol reviews for animal research. Science 293:608–609
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaib NA, Raymond SN, Duncan M (2013) Planetary system disruption by Galactic perturbations to wide binary stars. Nature 493:381–384
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rao P, Hayden MS, Long M, et al (2010) IkappaBbeta acts to inhibit and activate gene expression during the inflammatory response. Nature 466:1115–1119

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Conrick C IV, Hanson S (2013) Vertical Option Spreads. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Iqbal SM, Bashir R (2011) Nanopores: Sensing and Fundamental Biological Interactions. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Stanić S, Hren D, Buzov I (2016) Schools, Local Communities and Communication: Above and Beyond the Stakeholders. In: Alfirević N, Burušić J, Pavičić J, Relja R (eds) School Effectiveness and Educational Management: Towards a South-Eastern Europe Research and Public Policy Agenda. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Engineering Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Three Ways Synthetic Biology Could Annihilate Zika And Other Mosquito-Borne Diseases. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Highway Bridge Program: Condition of Nation’s Bridges Shows Limited Improvement, but Further Actions Could Enhance the Impact of Federal Investment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans KM (2017) Evolution of Craniofacial Diversity in Neotropical Electric Fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei). Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR, Schmitt E (2017) Wrestling With North Korea, Trump Finds Perilous Options. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Engineering Reviews
AbbreviationFood Eng. Rev.
ISSN (print)1866-7910
ISSN (online)1866-7929
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles