How to format your references using the American Mineralogist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Mineralogist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. (2003) Agent Orange health investigation stuck at square one. Nature, 422, 793.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon, O.-H., and Zewail, A.H. (2010) 4D electron tomography. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328, 1668–1673.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fried, S.I., Münch, T.A., and Werblin, F.S. (2002) Mechanisms and circuitry underlying directional selectivity in the retina. Nature, 420, 411–414.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lo, B., Parham, L., Cedars, M., Fisher, S., Gates, E., Giudice, L., Halme, D.G., Hershon, W., Kriegstein, A., Rao, R., and others (2010) Research ethics. NIH guidelines for stem cell research and gamete donors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327, 962–963.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blume, S.W. (2011) High Voltage Protection for Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Beaudry, M.C., and Symonds, J., Eds. (2011) Interpreting the Early Modern World: Transatlantic Perspectives, XXII, 246 p p. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Clark, S. (2014) Blood in the Water (Transcript of Discussion). In B. Christianson and J. Malcolm, Eds., Security Protocols XVIII: 18th International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 24-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers pp. 18–24. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Mineralogist.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, May 20) Found: ‘Lost’ Forests Covering An Area Two-Thirds The Size Of Australia. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) U.S. Aerospace Industry: Progress in Implementing Aerospace Commission Recommendations, and Remaining Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Steigner, T. (2008) A study of cross -border takeovers: Examining the impact of national culture on internalization benefits, and the implications of early versus late -mover status for bidders and their rivals. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 22) Jodi Arnold Expands Her Empire. New York Times, p. E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2003; Kwon and Zewail 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kwon and Zewail 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lo et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Mineralogist
AbbreviationAm. Mineral.
ISSN (print)0003-004X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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