How to format your references using the American Mineralogist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Mineralogist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Humphries, C. (2013) Latency: A sleeping giant. Nature, 502, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jucker, M., and Walker, L.C. (2015) Neurodegeneration: Amyloid-β pathology induced in humans. Nature, 525, 193–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowman, M., D’Avanzo, C., and Brewer, C. (2009) Ecology. A national ecological network for research and education. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323, 1172–1173.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Avery, A.A., Prakash, C.S., McHughen, A., Trewavas, A.R., and DeGregori, T.R. (2005) What kind of farming works best? Science (New York, N.Y.), 307, 1410–1; author reply 140-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehman, R., and McMillan, L.G. (2011) Options for Volatile Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cercignani, C., and Gabetta, E., Eds. (2007) Transport Phenomena and Kinetic Theory: Applications to Gases, Semiconductors, Photons, and Biological Systems, XIII, 271 p. 26 illus p. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Rikowski, R. (2011) Digitisation. In R. Rikowski, Ed., Digitisation Perspectives pp. 65–86. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Mineralogist.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 12) Will Next-Generation Wearable Sensors Make Us Healthier? IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) FCC: Unlicensed NII Devices in the 5 GHz Frequency Range. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, N.J. (2017) Queered. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman, J. (2015, February 9) For the Slothful, a Race Is a One-Step Process. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Humphries 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Humphries 2013; Jucker and Walker 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jucker and Walker 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Avery et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Mineralogist
AbbreviationAm. Mineral.
ISSN (print)0003-004X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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