How to format your references using the American Mineralogist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Mineralogist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harwood, C. (2008) A microbiologist hopes to disrupt bacterial “decisions.” Nature, 455, 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keinan, A., and Clark, A.G. (2012) Recent explosive human population growth has resulted in an excess of rare genetic variants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336, 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Auerbach, B.D., Osterweil, E.K., and Bear, M.F. (2011) Mutations causing syndromic autism define an axis of synaptic pathophysiology. Nature, 480, 63–68.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Delneri, D., Colson, I., Grammenoudi, S., Roberts, I.N., Louis, E.J., and Oliver, S.G. (2003) Engineering evolution to study speciation in yeasts. Nature, 422, 68–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Malley, C. (2014) Bonds Without Borders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
D’Mello, S., Graesser, A., Schuller, B., and Martin, J.-C., Eds. (2011) Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction: Fourth International Conference, ACII 2011, Memphis, TN, USA, October 9–12, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, XXVIII, 612 p p. Vol. 6975. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Loktev, M., and Vdovin, G. (2005) Technology and Operation of a Liquid Crystal Modal Wavefront Corrector. In U. Wittrock, Ed., Adaptive Optics for Industry and Medicine: Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop Münster, Germany, Oct. 19–24, 2003 pp. 25–33. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Mineralogist.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, December 2) Women’s Importance In Space Science Recognized By New NASA Website. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Procurement Equipment for New York Postal Data Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kao, C.H. (2012) Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Link, K. (2016, August 5) Letting All the ‘What Ifs’ Out to Play. New York Times, p. BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harwood 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Harwood 2008; Keinan and Clark 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keinan and Clark 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Delneri et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Mineralogist
AbbreviationAm. Mineral.
ISSN (print)0003-004X
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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