How to format your references using the Insights into Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insights into Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
O’Garra A (2013) Brigitte Askonas (1923-2013). Nature 494:37
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Armstrong FA, Fontecilla-Camps JC (2008) Biochemistry. A natural choice for activating hydrogen. Science 321:498–499
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hartl FU, Bracher A, Hayer-Hartl M (2011) Molecular chaperones in protein folding and proteostasis. Nature 475:324–332
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Pan JW, Bouwmeester D, Daniell M, et al (2000) Experimental test of quantum nonlocality in three-photon Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger entanglement. Nature 403:515–519

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wilson RC (2010) The Hedge Fund Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Anderson JV (2015) Advances in Plant Dormancy. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stahl SM, Morrissette DA (2013) Should High Dose or Very Long-Term Antipsychotic Monotherapy Be Considered Before Antipsychotic Polypharmacy? In: Ritsner MS (ed) Polypharmacy in Psychiatry Practice, Volume I: Multiple Medication Use Strategies. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 107–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insights into Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Lizard Penis Evolved Much Faster Than Their Other Parts. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lizard-penis-evolved-much-faster-their-other-parts/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) Tax Administration: Status of Tax Systems Modernization, Tax Delinquencies, and the Tax Gap. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kilpatrick RF (2010) A World Less Paved. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2006) Big Little Snacks. New York Times NJ15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInsights into Imaging
AbbreviationInsights Imaging
ISSN (online)1869-4101
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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