How to format your references using the Insights into Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insights into Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Whiten A (2014) Animal behaviour: Incipient tradition in wild chimpanzees. Nature 514:178–179
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ionescu AM, Riel H (2011) Tunnel field-effect transistors as energy-efficient electronic switches. Nature 479:329–337
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Johnson KG, Jackson JBC, Budd AF (2008) Caribbean reef development was independent of coral diversity over 28 million years. Science 319:1521–1523
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Watts PC, Buley KR, Sanderson S, et al (2006) Parthenogenesis in Komodo dragons. Nature 444:1021–1022

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Peca SP (2009) Real Estate Development and Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
van Aartsengel A (2013) A Guide to Continuous Improvement Transformation: Concepts, Processes, Implementation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Verghese K, Carre A (2012) Applying Life Cycle Assessment. In: Verghese K, Lewis H, Fitzpatrick L (eds) Packaging for Sustainability. Springer, London, pp 171–210

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insights into Imaging.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2015) Before And After Photos Of Volcanic Eruption In Chile. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/and-after-photos-volcano-eruption-chile/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carter IM (2015) The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present). Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Santora M (2017) Mounting Subway Delays Cost Riders Millions Every Year, Report Finds. New York Times A19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInsights into Imaging
AbbreviationInsights Imaging
ISSN (online)1869-4101
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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