How to format your references using the Insights into Imaging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insights into Imaging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gotta M (2010) Journal club. A cell biologist connects her research to bacterial brain invasion. Nature 463:139
A journal article with 2 authors
Gregg JM, Kumar A (2014) Applied physics: trawling for complements. Nature 510:481–482
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee JB, Park C, Seoul National University Investigation Committee (2006) Molecular genetics: verification that Snuppy is a clone. Nature 440:E2-3
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Oganov AR, Chen J, Gatti C, et al (2009) Ionic high-pressure form of elemental boron. Nature 460:292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matloff R, Chaillou JH (2013) Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Motasaddi Zarandy M, Rutka J (2010) Diseases of the Inner Ear: A Clinical, Radiologic and Pathologic Atlas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao S, Feng J, Xing J, et al (2016) Robust Facial Landmark Detection via Recurrent Attentive-Refinement Networks. In: Leibe B, Matas J, Sebe N, Welling M (eds) Computer Vision – ECCV 2016: 14th European Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 11–14, 2016, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insights into Imaging.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Signs Of Acid Fog Detected On Mars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Authority To Waive Claims by District of Columbia Against Employee or Former Employee. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaiser CV (2015) “Maps of the world[s] in its becoming[s]”: Seeking queer potentialities in the post-apocalyptic narrative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe B (2017) Charming for a Cause. New York Times D1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInsights into Imaging
AbbreviationInsights Imaging
ISSN (online)1869-4101
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles