How to format your references using the Research in Number Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Number Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Schneier, B.: Securing medical research: a cybersecurity point of view. Science. 336, 1527–1529 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jadamec, M.A., Billen, M.I.: Reconciling surface plate motions with rapid three-dimensional mantle flow around a slab edge. Nature. 465, 338–341 (2010)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Meeusen, S., McCaffery, J.M., Nunnari, J.: Mitochondrial fusion intermediates revealed in vitro. Science. 305, 1747–1752 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Whitney, H.M., Kolle, M., Andrew, P., Chittka, L., Steiner, U., Glover, B.J.: Floral iridescence, produced by diffractive optics, acts as a cue for animal pollinators. Science. 323, 130–133 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ray Chaudhuri, N., Chaudhuri, B., Majumder, R., Yazdani, A.: Multi-Terminal Direct-Current Grids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
1.
Lin, D., Wang, X., Yung, M. eds: Information Security and Cryptology: 11th International Conference, Inscrypt 2015, Beijing, China, November 1-3, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Panakhyo, M., Jacobi, K.: Limited Circumstances: Creating a Better Understanding of Prehistoric Peoples Through the Reanalysis of Collections of Commingled Human Remains. In: Osterholtz, A.J. (ed.) Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains. pp. 75–96. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Number Theory.

Blog post
1.
Taub, B.: Gene Editing Saves The Life Of Baby Girl With Terminal Cancer

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Airport Financing: Projects Eligible for Federal Support That May Go Unfunded. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Davies, G.L.: An analysis of Pat Metheny’s and Lyle Mays’s “Third Wind”: Arranging techniques and performance considerations, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Southall, A., McKINLEY, J.C., Jr: ‘I Only Wanted to Scare Them,’ (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Number Theory
AbbreviationRes. Number Theory
ISSN (online)2363-9555
Scope

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