How to format your references using the Research in Number Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Number Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S.: Bioinformatics: programmed for success. Nature. 425, 209–215 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Coley, P.D., Kursar, T.A.: Ecology. On tropical forests and their pests. Science. 343, 35–36 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Santamaría, L., Diaz, M., Valladares, F.: Science in Europe. Dark clouds over Spanish science. Science. 340, 1292 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baglione, V., Canestrari, D., Marcos, J.M., Ekman, J.: Kin selection in cooperative alliances of carrion crows. Science. 300, 1947–1949 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès, H.: Linear Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Carneiro, R., Lefrere, P., Steffens, K., Underwood, J. eds: Self-Regulated Learning in Technology Enhanced Learning Environments: A European Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Bui, Q.T., Pham, Q.D., Deville, Y.: Solving the Quorumcast Routing Problem as a Mixed Integer Program. In: Simonis, H. (ed.) Integration of AI and OR Techniques in Constraint Programming: 11th International Conference, CPAIOR 2014, Cork, Ireland, May 19-23, 2014. Proceedings. pp. 45–54. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Number Theory.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Study Finds Majority Of Western Canada’s Glaciers Will Be Gone By 2100


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: International Space Station: Challenges to Increased Utilization May Affect Return on Investment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, Z.B., II: General Relativistic Non-Radial Oscillations in Compact Stars, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M.: Saudi Team Is Opened to Women, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Number Theory
AbbreviationRes. Number Theory
ISSN (online)2363-9555

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