How to format your references using the Physics-Uspekhi citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics-Uspekhi. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller R D 2010 Geophysics. Sedimentary basins feeling the heat from below Science 329 769–70
A journal article with 2 authors
Liotta L A and Kohn E C 2001 The microenvironment of the tumour-host interface Nature 411 375–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Nykypanchuk D, Strey H H and Hoagland D A 2002 Brownian motion of DNA confined within a two-dimensional array Science 297 987–90
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rochman C M, Hoh E, Kurobe T and Teh S J 2013 Ingested plastic transfers hazardous chemicals to fish and induces hepatic stress Sci. Rep. 3 3263

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller B and Van de Voorde M 2017 Nanoscience and Nanotechnology for Human Health (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA)
An edited book
Privat M 2011 Pro Core Data for iOS: Data Access and Persistence Engine for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch ed R Warner (Berkeley, CA: Apress)
A chapter in an edited book
Siim B and Meret S 2016 Right-wing Populism in Denmark: People, Nation and Welfare in the Construction of the ‘Other’ The Rise of the Far Right in Europe: Populist Shifts and “Othering” ed G Lazaridis, G Campani and A Benveniste (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 109–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics-Uspekhi.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 This Guy Is Crazy Enough To Stick His Hand In Liquid Nitrogen IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2013 Highway Trust Fund Obligations, Fiscal Years 2009 to 2011 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Osterhout H L 2010 No More “Mad Money”: Salvaging the Commander’s Emergency Response Program Doctoral dissertation (Washington, DC: George Washington University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G 2011 As Storm Exits, Paths Lead to Open New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics-Uspekhi
ISSN (print)1063-7869
ISSN (online)1468-4780
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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