How to format your references using the Physics-Uspekhi citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics-Uspekhi. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sontheimer H 2015 Brain cancer: Tumour cells on neighbourhood watch Nature 528 49–50
A journal article with 2 authors
Benoist C and Hacohen N 2011 Immunology. Flow cytometry, amped up Science 332 677–8
A journal article with 3 authors
McNamara A K, van Keken P E and Karato S-I 2002 Development of anisotropic structure in the Earth’s lower mantle by solid-state convection Nature 416 310–4
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Molkenthin N, Rehfeld K, Marwan N and Kurths J 2014 Networks from flows--from dynamics to topology Sci. Rep. 4 4119

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shover L 2010 Trading Options in Turbulent Markets (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Coluccia G 2015 Compressed Sensing for Distributed Systems ed C Ravazzi and E Magli (Singapore: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Chippendale P and Lanz O 2008 Optimised Meeting Recording and Annotation Using Real-Time Video Analysis Machine Learning for Multimodal Interaction: 5th International Workshop, MLMI 2008, Utrecht, The Netherlands, September 8-10, 2008. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science ed A Popescu-Belis and R Stiefelhagen (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer) pp 50–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics-Uspekhi.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J 2015 Mercury Spins Nine Seconds Faster Than We Thought It Did IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997 Aviation Security: FAA’s Procurement of Explosives Detection Devices (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chin S-H 2009 A performer’s guide to Howard Hanson’s “Four Poems (Poèmes érotiques)”, Opus 9 Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J 2017 Europe Moves to Collect Taxes From Tech Giants New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics-Uspekhi
ISSN (print)1063-7869
ISSN (online)1468-4780
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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