How to format your references using the Physics-Uspekhi citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics-Uspekhi. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meyer A 2010 George C. Williams (1926-2010) Nature 467 790
A journal article with 2 authors
Phair R D and Misteli T 2000 High mobility of proteins in the mammalian cell nucleus Nature 404 604–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Shams L, Kamitani Y and Shimojo S 2000 Illusions. What you see is what you hear Nature 408 788
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Rihel J, Prober D A, Arvanites A, Lam K, Zimmerman S, Jang S, Haggarty S J, Kokel D, Rubin L L, Peterson R T and Schier A F 2010 Zebrafish behavioral profiling links drugs to biological targets and rest/wake regulation Science 327 348–51

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale J and Len I H 2008 Zero Limits (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Chib A, May J and Barrantes R 2015 Impact of Information Society Research in the Global South (Singapore: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Alber Y and Ryazantseva I 2006 APPLICATIONS OF THE REGULARIZATION METHODS Nonlinear Ill-posed Problems of Monotone Type ed I Ryazantseva (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands) pp 259–310

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics-Uspekhi.

Blog post
Carpineti A 2017 ESO Release Incredible View Of The Cat’s Paw Nebula IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003 Highway Safety: Research Continues on a Variety of Factors That Contribute to Motor Vehicle Crashes (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hendry M 2014 The Lonely Nineteenth Century: Loneliness and the Female Protagonist in the Victorian Novel Doctoral dissertation ( Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M 2017 Diary Hints at Slaves’ Remains on a Lot in Brooklyn New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics-Uspekhi
ISSN (print)1063-7869
ISSN (online)1468-4780
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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