How to format your references using the Physics-Uspekhi citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics-Uspekhi. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek F 2005 In search of symmetry lost Nature 433 239–47
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou Z and Zhang F 2004 A precocial avian embryo from the Lower Cretaceous of China Science 306 653
A journal article with 3 authors
Cerda E, Ravi-Chandar K and Mahadevan L 2002 Thin films. Wrinkling of an elastic sheet under tension Nature 419 579–80
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Arcizet O, Cohadon P-F, Briant T, Pinard M and Heidmann A 2006 Radiation-pressure cooling and optomechanical instability of a micromirror Nature 444 71–4

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aasma A, Dutta H and Natarajan P N 2017 An Introductory Course in Summability Theory (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Cleophas T J, Zwinderman A H, Cleophas T F and Cleophas E P 2009 Statistics Applied to Clinical Trials (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands)
A chapter in an edited book
Collantes-Celador G 2016 The Defence of an Institution Under Challenge: The EU and the International Criminal Court EU Policy Responses to a Shifting Multilateral System ed E Barbé, O Costa and R Kissack (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK) pp 71–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics-Uspekhi.

Blog post
Andrew E 2015 Why GM Food is so Hard to Sell to a Wary Public IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1984 High-Quality Senior Marine Corps Officers: How Many Stay Beyond 20 Years of Service? (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett M A 2017 The Underrepresentation of Registered Nurses in Hospital CEO Positions: A Grounded Theory Study Doctoral dissertation (Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L 2008 3 Defining Opinions New York Times WK4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics-Uspekhi
ISSN (print)1063-7869
ISSN (online)1468-4780
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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