How to format your references using the Critical Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stehr, Nico. 2015. “Climate Policy: Democracy Is Not an Inconvenience.” Nature 525 (7570): 449–450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hosten, Onur, and Paul Kwiat. 2008. “Observation of the Spin Hall Effect of Light via Weak Measurements.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5864): 787–790.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baram, Mor, Dominique Chatain, and Wayne D. Kaplan. 2011. “Nanometer-Thick Equilibrium Films: The Interface between Thermodynamics and Atomistics.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6026): 206–209.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Dantong, Wenzhi Xue, Mei Li, Mei Dong, Jianwei Wang, Xianda Wang, Xiyue Li, et al. 2018. “VCAM-1+ Macrophages Guide the Homing of HSPCs to a Vascular Niche.” Nature, November.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgrossi, Luca, and Tao Zhang. 2012. Vehicle Safety Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Norris, Stephen P., ed. 2012. Reading for Evidence and Interpreting Visualizations in Mathematics and Science Education. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Malatesta, Lori, Kostas Karpouzis, and Amaryllis Raouzaiou. 2009. “Affective Intelligence: The Human Face of AI.” In Artificial Intelligence An International Perspective: An International Perspective, edited by Max Bramer, 53–70. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Public Health.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. “Researchers Create DNA ‘Tape Recorder’ To Track Individual Cell’s Development.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process. 119637. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hayen, Cynthia Jacqueline. 2017. “Canine-Assisted Psychotherapy: Finding the Way Back to Our Animal Soul.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “Football’s Absolute Power Corrupts Colleges Absolutely.” New York Times, May 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stehr 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Stehr 2015; Hosten and Kwiat 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hosten and Kwiat 2008)
  • Three authors: (Baram, Chatain, and Kaplan 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Public Health
AbbreviationCrit. Public Health
ISSN (print)0958-1596
ISSN (online)1469-3682
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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