How to format your references using the Critical Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGloin, David. 2014. “Applied Physics: Optical Trapping for Space Mirrors.” Nature 506 (7489): 437–438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Menon, Suchithra, and Brendan D. Manning. 2013. “Cell Signalling: Nutrient Sensing Lost in Cancer.” Nature 498 (7455): 444–445.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sillanpää, Mika A., Jae I. Park, and Raymond W. Simmonds. 2007. “Coherent Quantum State Storage and Transfer between Two Phase Qubits via a Resonant Cavity.” Nature 449 (7161): 438–442.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lima, Márcio D., Shaoli Fang, Xavier Lepró, Chihye Lewis, Raquel Ovalle-Robles, Javier Carretero-González, Elizabeth Castillo-Martínez, et al. 2011. “Biscrolling Nanotube Sheets and Functional Guests into Yarns.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6013): 51–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demand, Nancy H. 2011. The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Stolzenburg, Jens-Uwe, Ingolf A. Türk, and Evangelos N. Liatsikos, eds. 2011. Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Surgery in Urology: Atlas of Standard Procedures. 1st ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hoijtink, Herbert, Rafaele Huntjens, Albert Reijntjes, Rebecca Kuiper, and Paul A. Boelen. 2008. “An Evaluation of Bayesian Inequality Constrained Analysis of Variance.” In Bayesian Evaluation of Informative Hypotheses, edited by Herbert Hoijtink, Irene Klugkist, and Paul A. Boelen, 85–108. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Public Health.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Electric Eels Remotely Control the Movements of Their Prey.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Teacher Preparation: Multiple Federal Education Offices Support Teacher Preparation for Instructing Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners, but Systematic Departmentwide Coordination Could Enhance This Assistance. GAO-09-573. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ready, Charisa. 2014. “Preventing Childhood Obesity in Foster Children: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Kate, and Maggie Haberman. 2017. “Another Goldman Executive Is Chosen.” New York Times, January 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGloin 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McGloin 2014; Menon and Manning 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Menon and Manning 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sillanpää, Park, and Simmonds 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lima et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Public Health
AbbreviationCrit. Public Health
ISSN (print)0958-1596
ISSN (online)1469-3682
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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