How to format your references using the Critical Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilbert, Natasha. 2011. “Local Benefits: The Seeds of an Economy.” Nature 474 (7352): S18-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Junge, Wolfgang, and Daniel J. Müller. 2011. “Biochemistry. Seeing a Molecular Motor at Work.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 333 (6043): 704–705.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Ze-Rui, Wei Li, and Hao Long. 2014. “Readministration of EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients after Initial Failure, What Affects Its Efficacy?” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 5996.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yang, H. W., H. R. Zhang, Y. Li, S. F. Wang, X. Shen, Q. Q. Lan, S. Meng, R. C. Yu, B. G. Shen, and J. R. Sun. 2014. “Anomalous Magnetism in Strained La(1-x)Sr(x)CoO3 Epitaxial Films (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5).” Scientific Reports 4 (August): 6206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guochao, Qian, Tang Shuyu, Zhao Min, and Jing Chun. 2014. The Environment and Landscape in Motorway Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Villarreal, Francisco J., ed. 2005. Interstitial Fibrosis in Heart Failure. Vol. 253. Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
de Carvalho, Francisco de A. T. 2007. “A Clustering Algorithm for Symbolic Interval Data Based on a Single Adaptive Hausdorff Distance.” In Selected Contributions in Data Analysis and Classification, edited by Paula Brito, Guy Cucumel, Patrice Bertrand, and Francisco de Carvalho, 35–44. Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “European Commission Opposes Petition To End Animal Research.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. National Laboratories: Better Performance Reporting Could Aid Oversight of Laboratory-Directed R&D Program. GAO-01-927. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena, Homero. 2017. “Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John, Michael D. Shear, and Michael Paulson. 2014. “New Tack on Unrest Eases Tension in Missouri.” New York Times, August 14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilbert 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gilbert 2011; Junge and Müller 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Junge and Müller 2011)
  • Three authors: (Zhao, Li, and Long 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Public Health
AbbreviationCrit. Public Health
ISSN (print)0958-1596
ISSN (online)1469-3682
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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