How to format your references using the Critical Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schölkopf, Bernhard. 2015. “Artificial Intelligence: Learning to See and Act.” Nature 518 (7540): 486–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dubrovinskaia, Natalia, and Leonid Dubrovinsky. 2013. “Controversy about Ultrahard Nanotwinned CBN.” Nature 502 (7472): E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lineweaver, Charles H., Yeshe Fenner, and Brad K. Gibson. 2004. “The Galactic Habitable Zone and the Age Distribution of Complex Life in the Milky Way.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5654): 59–62.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Wei, Ider Ronneberger, Peter Zalden, Ming Xu, Martin Salinga, Matthias Wuttig, and Riccardo Mazzarello. 2014. “How Fragility Makes Phase-Change Data Storage Robust: Insights from Ab Initio Simulations.” Scientific Reports 4 (October): 6529.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, Richard B. 2011. 20% Chance of Rain. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Blaschke, Christian, and Hagit Shatkay, eds. 2010. Linking Literature, Information, and Knowledge for Biology: Workshop of the BioLink Special Interest Group, ISMB/ECCB 2009, Stockholm, June 28-29, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 6004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Reitz-Krueger, Cristina L., Alison G. Nagel, Lucy A. Guarnera, and N. Dickon Reppucci. 2015. “Community Influence on Adolescent Development.” In Handbook of Adolescent Behavioral Problems: Evidence-Based Approaches to Prevention and Treatment, edited by Thomas P. Gullotta, Robert W. Plant, and Melanie A. Evans, 71–84. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Ivory And Saving Elephants: How Corruption Is Undermining Every Aspect Of Conservation.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Information Technology: FDA Needs to Establish Key Plans and Processes for Guiding Systems Modernization Efforts. GAO-09-523. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, Naomi S. 2012. “Bridging the Gap: Finding the Language of Soul.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, James. 1977. “COSMETIC LIB FOR MEN.” New York Times, September 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schölkopf 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schölkopf 2015; Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dubrovinskaia and Dubrovinsky 2013)
  • Three authors: (Lineweaver, Fenner, and Gibson 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Public Health
AbbreviationCrit. Public Health
ISSN (print)0958-1596
ISSN (online)1469-3682
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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