How to format your references using the Research in Higher Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Higher Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moolgavkar, S. H. (2000). Consideration of copollutants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5491), 453d.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, T., & Podsiadlowski, P. (2007). The triple-ring nebula around SN 1987A: fingerprint of a binary merger. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1103–1106.
A journal article with 3 authors
Siu, Z. B., Jalil, M. B. A., & Tan, S. G. (2014). Topological state transport in topological insulators under the influence of hexagonal warping and exchange coupling to in-plane magnetizations. Scientific reports, 4, 5062.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, X., Zhang, Q., Chen, X., & Gu, M. (2013). Giant refractive-index modulation by two-photon reduction of fluorescent graphene oxides for multimode optical recording. Scientific reports, 3, 2819.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M. R., Islam, J. S., Zatzman, G. M., Mughal, M. A. H., & Rahman, M. S. (2016). The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Braun, D. (2013). Polymer Synthesis: Theory and Practice: Fundamentals, Methods, Experiments. (H. Cherdron, M. Rehahn, H. Ritter, & B. Voit, Eds.) (5th ed. 2013.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Horita, M. (2009). When an Electronic Citizen Forum Works and When Not: An Organisational Analysis of the Mitaka Master Plan Process. In M. Horita & H. Koizumi (Eds.), Innovations in Collaborative Urban Regeneration (pp. 53–66). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Higher Education.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 9). What Type Of Nuclear Weapon Did North Korea Just Detonate? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). NASA: Agency Faces Challenges Defining Scope and Costs of Space Shuttle Transition and Retirement (No. GAO-08-1096). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tillman, K. A. (2017). Constructing the Concept of Time: Roles of Perception, Language, and Culture (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2016, February 25). Puerto Rico Debt Plan Prioritizes Pensions. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moolgavkar 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Moolgavkar 2000; Morris and Podsiadlowski 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Podsiadlowski 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Higher Education
AbbreviationRes. High. Educ.
ISSN (print)0361-0365
ISSN (online)1573-188X

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