How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Schon. 2000. Superconducting nanowires. Nature 404, 6781 (April 2000), 948–949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rui Benedito and Ralf H. Adams. 2009. Development. Aorta’s cardinal secret. Science 326, 5950 (October 2009), 242–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Douglas J. Levey, R. Scot Duncan, and Carrie F. Levins. 2004. Animal behaviour: use of dung as a tool by burrowing owls. Nature 431, 7004 (September 2004), 39.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martin Zofall, Tamás Fischer, Ke Zhang, Ming Zhou, Bowen Cui, Timothy D. Veenstra, and Shiv I. S. Grewal. 2009. Histone H2A.Z cooperates with RNAi and heterochromatin factors to suppress antisense RNAs. Nature 461, 7262 (September 2009), 419–422.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Theodore Millon and Seth Grossman. 2007. Moderating Severe Personality Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dorothy Monekosso, Paolo Remagnino, and Yoshinori Kuno (Eds.). 2009. Intelligent Environments: Methods, Algorithms and Applications. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
David C. Slaughter. 2014. The Biological Engineer: Sensing the Difference Between Crops and Weeds. In Automation: The Future of Weed Control in Cropping Systems, Stephen L. Young and Francis J. Pierce (eds.). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 71–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2015. This Robotic Finger Looks and Flexes Just Like Your Own. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Electronic Signature Prototype System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krystal Elaine Long. 2009. Voluntary exiles: Short-term Western expatriates in three Chinese cities. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chad Bray and Michael Corkery. 2017. Citigroup Said to Open Frankfurt Hub in Post-‘Brexit’ Move. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [3,5,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)2157-6904
ISSN (online)2157-6912
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles