How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Kormendy. 2000. ASTRONOMY: Enhanced: Monsters at the Heart of Galaxy Formation. Science 289, 5484 (September 2000), 1484–1485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mary N. Teruel and Tobias Meyer. 2002. Parallel single-cell monitoring of receptor-triggered membrane translocation of a calcium-sensing protein module. Science 295, 5561 (March 2002), 1910–1912.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. R. Bordenstein, F. P. O’Hara, and J. H. Werren. 2001. Wolbachia-induced incompatibility precedes other hybrid incompatibilities in Nasonia. Nature 409, 6821 (February 2001), 707–710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marcel Cardillo, Georgina M. Mace, Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, Wes Sechrest, C. David L. Orme, and Andy Purvis. 2005. Multiple causes of high extinction risk in large mammal species. Science 309, 5738 (August 2005), 1239–1241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauri Pelto. 2017. Recent Climate Change Impacts on Mountain Glaciers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jacques Bélair, Ian A. Frigaard, Herb Kunze, Roman Makarov, Roderick Melnik, and Raymond J. Spiteri (Eds.). 2016. Mathematical and Computational Approaches in Advancing Modern Science and Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosa María Aguilar Chinea, Iván Castilla Rodríguez, and Roberto Carlos Muñoz González. 2009. Hospital Resource Management. In Simulation-Based Case Studies in Logistics: Education and Applied Research, Yuri Merkuryev, Galina Merkuryeva, Miquel Àngel Piera and Antoni Guasch (eds.). Springer, London, 65–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2017. How We Are Listening To The Universe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. Rural Broadband Deployment: Improved Consistency with Leading Practices Could Enhance Management of Loan and Grant Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederico José Nistal França. 2017. Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber. Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Hollander. 2000. Stevenson Also Seeking Maturity. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)2157-6904
ISSN (online)2157-6912
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles