How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sebastien Balibar. 2010. The enigma of supersolidity. Nature 464, 7286 (March 2010), 176–182.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mingwei Chen and Xiaoqin Yan. 2005. Comment on “Grain boundary-mediated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel.” Science 308, 5720 (April 2005), 356; author reply 356.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. E. Elwood Madden, R. J. Bodnar, and J. D. Rimstidt. 2004. Jarosite as an indicator of water-limited chemical weathering on Mars. Nature 431, 7010 (October 2004), 821–823.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. R. McConnell, J. Emery, Y. Eshed, N. Bao, J. Bowman, and M. K. Barton. 2001. Role of PHABULOSA and PHAVOLUTA in determining radial patterning in shoots. Nature 411, 6838 (June 2001), 709–713.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pascal Ribéreau-Gayon, Denis Dubourdieu, Bernard Donèche, and Aline Lonvaud. 2006. Handbook of Enology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shelli R. McAlpine and Adrienne Lesley Edkins (Eds.). 2016. Heat Shock Protein Inhibitors: Success Stories (1st ed. 2016 ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hubert Plociniczak and Susan Eisenbach. 2010. JErlang: Erlang with Joins. In Coordination Models and Languages: 12th International Conference, COORDINATION 2010, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Dave Clarke and Gul Agha (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology.

Blog post
Robin Andrews. 2016. Nestlé’s New Sugar Type Means 40% Less Will Be Used In Its Chocolate. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. District of Columbia Public Education: Agencies Have Enhanced Internal Controls Over Federal Payments for School Improvement, But More Consistent Monitoring Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Katarina Prahovic Spralja. 2014. The intersections of culture and business: An ethnographic study of multicultural second generation young entrepreneurs. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mary Pilon. 2013. Keeping Their Dogs From Looking Like Ours. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [2,4,6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)2157-6904
ISSN (online)2157-6912
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

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