How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Karen O’Brien. 2015. CLIMATE CHANGE. Political agency: The key to tackling climate change. Science 350, 6265 (December 2015), 1170–1171.
A journal article with 2 authors
William Croft Ratcliff and Robert Ford Denison. 2011. Microbiology. Alternative actions for antibiotics. Science 332, 6029 (April 2011), 547–548.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Henrik Ehrsson, Charles Spence, and Richard E. Passingham. 2004. That’s my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb. Science 305, 5685 (August 2004), 875–877.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Decheng Zhou, Shuguang Liu, Jennifer Oeding, and Shuqing Zhao. 2013. Forest cutting and impacts on carbon in the eastern United States. Sci. Rep. 3, (December 2013), 3547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lisa Earle McLeod. 2016. Leading with Noble Purpose. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Karl Tuyls, Ronald Westra, Yvan Saeys, and Ann Nowé (Eds.). 2007. Knowledge Discovery and Emergent Complexity in Bioinformatics: First International Workshop, KDECB 2006, Ghent, Belgium, May 10, 2006. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Yury Audzevich, Levente Bodrog, Yoram Ofek, and Miklós Telek. 2010. Packet Loss Minimization in Load-Balancing Switch. In Analytical and Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Applications: 17th International Conference, ASMTA 2010, Cardiff, UK, June 14-16, 2010. Proceedings, Khalid Al-Begain, Dieter Fiems and William J. Knottenbelt (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 44–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology.

Blog post
Alfredo Carpineti. 2017. Galaxy Collisions Might Be Shrouding Black Holes In Dust. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Department of Energy: Oil and Natural Gas Research and Development Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Michael Berkland. 2015. Strain analysis of a detachment shear zone. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Linda Saslow. 2007. Nassau and Suffolk Rate Poorly on Air Quality. New York Times, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4–6,8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)2157-6904
ISSN (online)2157-6912
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

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