How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
David Snoke. 2002. Spontaneous Bose coherence of excitons and polaritons. Science 298, 5597 (November 2002), 1368–1372.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ondrej Santolík and Jaroslav Chum. 2009. Planetary science. The origin of plasmaspheric hiss. Science 324, 5928 (May 2009), 729–730.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ajai A. Dandekar, Sudha Chugani, and E. Peter Greenberg. 2012. Bacterial quorum sensing and metabolic incentives to cooperate. Science 338, 6104 (October 2012), 264–266.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Christopher R. S. Banerji, Diego Miranda-Saavedra, Simone Severini, Martin Widschwendter, Tariq Enver, Joseph X. Zhou, and Andrew E. Teschendorff. 2013. Cellular network entropy as the energy potential in Waddington’s differentiation landscape. Sci. Rep. 3, (October 2013), 3039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olive Stevenson. 2008. Neglected Children and Their Families. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Joshua B. Gurtler, Michael P. Doyle, and Jeffrey L. Kornacki (Eds.). 2014. The Microbiological Safety of Low Water Activity Foods and Spices. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Yuanfei Kang. 2016. Bilateral FDI Relations Between China and New Zealand: General Trends, Driving Forces and Perceptions. In China, New Zealand, and the Complexities of Globalization: Asymmetry, Complementarity, and Competition, Yuanfei Kang (ed.). Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, 141–168.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology.

Blog post
Jonathan O`Callaghan. 2017. Disney Researchers Make Wireless Power Transfer Breakthrough. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Airport Financing: Funding Sources for Airport Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richard L. Toler. 2017. Structural Equation Modeling of Advertising Involvement, Consumer Attitude, and Engagement for Video Advertising in a Social Networking Site. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James Wagner. 2016. A Rich Baseball History, Now on Display. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [3,4].
This sentence cites four references [5–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)2157-6904
ISSN (online)2157-6912
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles