How to format your references using the ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O. Morton. 2000. PARTICLE PHYSICS: The Final Tally Leaves LEP a Probable Loser. Science 290, 5495 (November 2000), 1274a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janet L. Smith and David H. Sherman. 2008. Biochemistry. An enzyme assembly line. Science 321, 5894 (September 2008), 1304–1305.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. J. Benton, M. A. Wills, and R. Hitchin. 2000. Quality of the fossil record through time. Nature 403, 6769 (February 2000), 534–537.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mercedes Fabra, Demetrio Raldúa, Deborah M. Power, Peter M. T. Deen, and Joan Cerdà. 2005. Marine fish egg hydration is aquaporin-mediated. Science 307, 5709 (January 2005), 545.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. W. Halbich. 1993. Cape Fold Belt‐Agulhas Bank Transect Across Gondwana Suture, Southern Africa. American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C.
An edited book
René Meier and Sotirios Terzis (Eds.). 2008. Distributed Applications and Interoperable Systems: 8th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, DAIS 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 4-6, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Norman C. Waters and Michael D. Edstein. 2012. 8-Aminoquinolines: Primaquine and Tafenoquine. In Treatment and Prevention of Malaria: Antimalarial Drug Chemistry, Action and Use, Henry M. Staines and Sanjeev Krishna (eds.). Springer, Basel, 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology.

Blog post
Stephen Luntz. 2017. Handmade Centrifuge Can Fraction Blood And Detect Malaria. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018 from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Severity of Problem Calls for Strong Leadership and Effective Partnerships. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malinda R. Meier. 2009. Exploring the effects of school calendars on student achievement. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tyler Cowen. 2014. Gauging the Gender Gap, Present and Future. New York Times, BU7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2,4].
This sentence cites four references [4,6–8].

About the journal

Full journal titleACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
AbbreviationACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol.
ISSN (print)2157-6904
ISSN (online)2157-6912
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles