How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Rheumatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lieberman P. Neuroscience. Synapses, language, and being human. Science. 2013;342(6161):944-945.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watrin E, Peters J-M. Molecular biology. How and when the genome sticks together. Science. 2007;317(5835):209-210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyes-Lamothe R, Sherratt DJ, Leake MC. Stoichiometry and architecture of active DNA replication machinery in Escherichia coli. Science. 2010;328(5977):498-501.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Puneet P, Podila R, Karakaya M, et al. Preferential scattering by interfacial charged defects for enhanced thermoelectric performance in few-layered n-type Bi2Te3. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shelton T. Business Models for the Social Mobile Cloud. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Minai A, Braha D, Bar-Yam Y, eds. Unifying Themes in Complex Systems: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Complex Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Graziottin A, Murina F. Vulvodinia: che cosa dicono le donne? In: Murina F, ed. Vulvodinia: Strategie Di Diagnosi e Cura. Milano: Springer; 2011:29-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Rheumatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Narrow In On Common Cystic Fibrosis Infection. IFLScience. Published August 21, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues for Consideration in Developing an Intercity Passenger Rail Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor WA. Every citizen a soldier: The U.S. Army’s campaign for universal military training following World War II. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Endrst J. Hugh O’Brian, Dashing Leading Man Remembered for ‘Wyatt Earp,’ Dies at 91. New York Times. September 6, 2016:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Rheumatology
ISSN (print)0973-3698

Other styles