How to format your references using the Research in Gerontological Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Gerontological Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Arthur C. Academics should not remain silent on hacking. Nature. 2013;504(7480):333.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Waters MR, Stafford TW Jr. Redefining the age of Clovis: implications for the peopling of the Americas. Science. 2007;315(5815):1122-1126.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Roberts L, Stone R, Sugden A. The rise of restoration ecology. Science. 2009;325(5940):555.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Funao T, Nishida T, Kurashige Y, Sawada H. Different suitability of improved irrigation channels as reproductive sites for Cyprininae and Silurus asotus. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3588.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Use of Vapor Cloud Dispersion Models. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
1.
Christianson B, Švenda P, Matyáš V, Malcolm J, Stajano F, Anderson J, eds. Security Protocols XXIII: 23rd International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 31 - April 2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 9379. 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wachinger C, Yigitsoy M, Navab N. Manifold Learning for Image-Based Breathing Gating with Application to 4D Ultrasound. In: Jiang T, Navab N, Pluim JPW, Viergever MA, eds. Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2010: 13th International Conference, Beijing, China, September 20-24, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2010:26-33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Gerontological Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Hispanic People Experience More Severe Alzheimer’s Symptoms, Claims Study. IFLScience. Published September 28, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/hispanic-people-experience-more-severe-alzheimers-symptoms-claims-study/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Health, Education, Employment, and Income Security Reports. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Becknell JM. Listening to Narratives of War. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Packer G. Revolutionary Roads. New York Times. July 5, 2015:BR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Gerontological Nursing
AbbreviationRes. Gerontol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1940-4921
ISSN (online)1938-2464
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Health Policy
Gerontology

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