How to format your references using the Research in Gerontological Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Gerontological Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Komander D. Biochemistry. Details of destruction, one molecule at a time. Science. 2015;348(6231):183-184.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wilhite AW, Fong EA. Scientific publications. Coercive citation in academic publishing. Science. 2012;335(6068):542-543.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hanada K-I, Yewdell JW, Yang JC. Immune recognition of a human renal cancer antigen through post-translational protein splicing. Nature. 2004;427(6971):252-256.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Haimerl M, Verloh N, Fellner C, et al. MRI-based estimation of liver function: Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1 relaxometry of 3T vs. the MELD score. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Imbriale WA. Large Antennas of the Deep Space Network. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Welfens PJJ, Weske M, eds. Digital Economic Dynamics: Innovations, Networks and Regulations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lipinski P, Puchala D, Wosiak A, Byczkowska-Lipinska L. Transformer Monitoring System Taking Advantage of Hybrid Wavelet Fourier Transform. In: Wiak S, Krawczyk A, Dolezel I, eds. Intelligent Computer Techniques in Applied Electromagnetics. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:31-36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Gerontological Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Why Do Europeans Have White Skin? IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/white-skin-and-lactose-tolerance-recent-adaptations/. Published April 6, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Management: Issues Important to Farmers Home Administration Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Griffith A. The Curious Case of Implementation: Enactment of the California Community College Student Equity Initiative. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Marx L. Two Different Cultures, One Modern Marriage. New York Times. July 14, 2017:ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Gerontological Nursing
AbbreviationRes. Gerontol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1940-4921
ISSN (online)1938-2464
ScopeGeriatrics and Gerontology
Health Policy
Gerontology

Other styles