How to format your references using the Journal of Gerontological Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gerontological Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Browne J. Birthdays to remember. Nature. 2008;456(7220):324-325.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Liu L, Edwards SV. Comment on “Statistical binning enables an accurate coalescent-based estimation of the avian tree.” Science. 2015;350(6257):171.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kamat SS, Williams HJ, Raushel FM. Intermediates in the transformation of phosphonates to phosphate by bacteria. Nature. 2011;480(7378):570-573.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Li Y, Zhong Y, Zhang J, et al. Activity-dependent synaptic plasticity of a chalcogenide electronic synapse for neuromorphic systems. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4906.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Held G. Virtual Private Networking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Sutovsky P, ed. Posttranslational Protein Modifications in the Reproductive System. Vol 759. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Domeniconi G, Moro G, Pasolini R, Sartori C. Iterative Refining of Category Profiles for Nearest Centroid Cross-Domain Text Classification. In: Fred A, Dietz JLG, Aveiro D, Liu K, Filipe J, eds. Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management: 6th International Joint Conference, IC3K 2014, Rome, Italy, October 21-24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:50-67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gerontological Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Malaria-Spreading Mosquitoes Can Transmit a Flea-Borne Disease Too. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/malaria-spreading-mosquitoes-can-transmit-flea-borne-disease-too/. Published June 14, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Air Force Can Improve Its Maintenance Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Slotnick A. Status symbols in triathlete culture. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Truth Lurks In Spoof Of Singletary. New York Times. December 29, 2010:B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gerontological Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Gerontol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0098-9134
ISSN (online)1938-243X
ScopeGerontology

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