How to format your references using the Journal of Gerontological Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gerontological Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Duncan SR. Perspective: Clues, not conclusions. Nature. 2012;489(7417):S15.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rosch J, Caparon M. A microdomain for protein secretion in Gram-positive bacteria. Science. 2004;304(5676):1513-1515.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Collins FS, Morgan M, Patrinos A. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science. 2003;300(5617):286-290.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Su SL, Shao XQ, Wang HF, Zhang S. Preparation of three-dimensional entanglement for distant atoms in coupled cavities via atomic spontaneous emission and cavity decay. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7566.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Grose M. Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Kovács L, Fuhr N, Meghini C, eds. Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings. Vol 4675. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ganzha EI. Intertwining Laplace Transformations of Linear Partial Differential Equations. In: Barkatou M, Cluzeau T, Regensburger G, Rosenkranz M, eds. Algebraic and Algorithmic Aspects of Differential and Integral Operators: 5th International Meeting, AADIOS 2012, Held at the Applications of Computer Algebra Conference, ACA 2012, Sofia, Bulgaria, June 25-28, 2012, Selected and Invited Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2014:96-115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gerontological Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Quantum Dot Technology Could Lead To Solar Panel Windows. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Monte Canfield, Jr., 1974-1978. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yasami S. Ultra-Low Power RFIC for Space/Medical/Mobile Applications. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. New Plan Approved for Kings Park Property. New York Times. January 7, 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gerontological Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Gerontol. Nurs.
ISSN (print)0098-9134
ISSN (online)1938-243X
ScopeGerontology

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