How to format your references using the Research in Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saper, C.B., 2006. Biomedicine. Life, the universe, and body temperature. Science 314, 773–774.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leibfarth, F.A., Hawker, C.J., 2011. Chemistry. Mechanically throwing a reaction into reverse. Science 333, 1582–1583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Puckett, J.G., Kelley, D.H., Ouellette, N.T., 2014. Searching for effective forces in laboratory insect swarms. Sci. Rep. 4, 4766.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhao, Z., Liu, H., Luo, Y., Zhou, S., An, L., Wang, C., Jin, Q., Zhou, M., Xu, J.-R., 2014. Molecular evolution and functional divergence of tubulin superfamily in the fungal tree of life. Sci. Rep. 4, 6746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vilensky, J.A., Robertson, W.M., Suárez-Quian, C.A., 2015. The Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Guy, T.V., Kárný, M., Wolpert, D.H. (Eds.), 2015. Decision Making: Uncertainty, Imperfection, Deliberation and Scalability, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Connor, R., 2011. The Contribution of Diagnostic Imaging in Rare Gynaecological Malignancies, in: Reed, N., Green, J.A., Gershenson, D.M., Siddiqui, N., Connor, R. (Eds.), Rare and Uncommon Gynecological Cancers: A Clinical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 15–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Elon Musk Reveals His Ambitious Plan To Send One Million People To Colonize Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Aviation Security: A National Strategy and Other Actions Would Strengthen TSA’s Efforts to Secure Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls (No. GAO-09-399). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans, A.M., 2017. Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2007. Purge Victims Remembered In Moscow Rite. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saper, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Leibfarth and Hawker, 2011; Saper, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leibfarth and Hawker, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Economics
AbbreviationRes. Econ.
ISSN (print)1090-9443
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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