How to format your references using the Research in Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ottino, J.M., 2003. Is a picture worth 1,000 words? Nature 421, 474–476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gronke, K., Diefenbach, A., 2015. Regenerative biology: Innate immunity repairs gut lining. Nature 528, 488–489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Raymond, S.N., Mandell, A.M., Sigurdsson, S., 2006. Exotic Earths: forming habitable worlds with giant planet migration. Science 313, 1413–1416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huizinga, E.G., Tsuji, S., Romijn, R.A.P., Schiphorst, M.E., de Groot, P.G., Sixma, J.J., Gros, P., 2002. Structures of glycoprotein Ibalpha and its complex with von Willebrand factor A1 domain. Science 297, 1176–1179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer, A., Legeard, B., 2016. Model-Based Testing Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
van der Ark, L.A., Bolt, D.M., Wang, W.-C., Douglas, J.A., Wiberg, M. (Eds.), 2016. Quantitative Psychology Research: The 80th Annual Meeting of the Psychometric Society, Beijing, 2015, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitamura, S., 2007. Tissue Engineering Research and Cell Regenerative Therapy for Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD); National Cardiovascular Center (Japan) Trials, in: Magjarevic, R., Nagel, J.H. (Eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006: August 27 – September 1, 2006 COEX Seoul, Korea “Imaging the Future Medicine,” IFMBE Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Archeologists Unearth The Gate Of An Ancient Biblical City [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1969. Review Of Status Of Development Toward Establishment Of A Unified National Communications System (No. B-166655). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah, A., 2009. The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2002. Russian Writer, Facing Charges, Warns Free Expression Is at Risk. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ottino, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Gronke and Diefenbach, 2015; Ottino, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gronke and Diefenbach, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Huizinga et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Economics
AbbreviationRes. Econ.
ISSN (print)1090-9443
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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