How to format your references using the Research in Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robins, R.W., 2005. Psychology. The nature of personality: genes, culture, and national character. Science 310, 62–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gerstner, W., Naud, R., 2009. Neuroscience. How good are neuron models? Science 326, 379–380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Watts, D.J., Dodds, P.S., Newman, M.E.J., 2002. Identity and search in social networks. Science 296, 1302–1305.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, Z., Zhao, Z., Peng, H., Nygren, M., 2002. Formation of tough interlocking microstructures in silicon nitride ceramics by dynamic ripening. Nature 417, 266–269.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jensen, R.C., 2012. Risk-Reduction Methods for Occupational Safety and Health. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jurdak, M., 2016. Social and Political Dimensions of Mathematics Education: Current Thinking, ICME-13 Topical Surveys. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutson, J.M., 2012. Abnormal Embryology in DSD, in: Hutson, J.M., Warne, G.L., Grover, S.R. (Eds.), Disorders of Sex Development: An Integrated Approach to Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Crystal with “Forbidden Symmetry” Found in 4.5-Billion-Year-Old Meteorite [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges (No. GAO-16-815T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graham, S.M., 2017. Conditions that Prompt the Migrant Worker Population to Access Pre-Hospital Emergency Care in Place of Health Centers in Qatar (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. A Potluck of Anxiety as a Family Gathers in an Election Season. New York Times C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robins, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gerstner and Naud, 2009; Robins, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gerstner and Naud, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Economics
AbbreviationRes. Econ.
ISSN (print)1090-9443
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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