How to format your references using the Research in Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel, J.M., 2005. Clues to the functions of mammalian sleep. Nature 437, 1264–1271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cerdán, P.D., Chory, J., 2003. Regulation of flowering time by light quality. Nature 423, 881–885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arlettaz, R., Jones, G., Racey, P.A., 2001. Effect of acoustic clutter on prey detection by bats. Nature 414, 742–745.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takasu, M.A., Dalva, M.B., Zigmond, R.E., Greenberg, M.E., 2002. Modulation of NMDA receptor-dependent calcium influx and gene expression through EphB receptors. Science 295, 491–495.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy, R., 2010. Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Wolpers, M., Kirschner, P.A., Scheffel, M., Lindstaedt, S., Dimitrova, V. (Eds.), 2010. Sustaining TEL: From Innovation to Learning and Practice: 5th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2010, Barcelona, Spain, September 28 - October 1, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, J.-L., Yan, H.-S., 2016. Modern Reconstruction Research, in: Yan, H.-S. (Ed.), Decoding the Mechanisms of Antikythera Astronomical Device. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Surgeons Go Through Toddler’s Liver To Replace Heart Valve [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-path-babys-heart-valve/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Mass Transit Grants: Risk of Misspent and Ineffectively Used Funds in FTA’s Chicago Region (No. RCED-92-53). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bain Butler, D., 2010. How L2 legal writers use strategies for scholarly writing: A mixed methods study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak, M.L., 2013. The Global March on Washington. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Siegel, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Cerdán and Chory, 2003; Siegel, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cerdán and Chory, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Takasu et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Economics
AbbreviationRes. Econ.
ISSN (print)1090-9443
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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