How to format your references using the Research in Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hanson, J., 2014. John Cornforth (1917-2013). Nature 506, 35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frenking, G., Holzmann, N., 2012. Chemistry. A boron-boron triple bond. Science 336, 1394–1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spradling, A., Drummond-Barbosa, D., Kai, T., 2001. Stem cells find their niche. Nature 414, 98–104.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jones, K.E., Patel, N.G., Levy, M.A., Storeygard, A., Balk, D., Gittleman, J.L., Daszak, P., 2008. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature 451, 990–993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willatzen, M., Lew Yan Voon, L.C., 2011. Separable Boundary-Value Problems in Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
S, K.M.D.E. (Ed.), 2014. Current Advances in Osteosarcoma, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Eschmeier, J., 2014. On the Maximal Ideal Space of a Sarason-Type Algebra on the Unit Ball, in: Douglas, R.G., Krantz, S.G., Sawyer, E.T., Treil, S., Wick, B.D. (Eds.), The Corona Problem: Connections Between Operator Theory, Function Theory, and Geometry, Fields Institute Communications. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 69–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bacteria On Shoes Could Help Forensic Teams Catch Suspects [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Issues Related to FAA’s Modernization of the Air Traffic Control System (No. T-RCED-90-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pope, C., 2010. Words in the Garden (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S., 2014. Comic Relief. New York Times MM23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hanson, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Frenking and Holzmann, 2012; Hanson, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frenking and Holzmann, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Economics
AbbreviationRes. Econ.
ISSN (print)1090-9443
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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