How to format your references using the Research in Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Research in Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin, G.R., 2013. Evolution. Natural selection and pain meet at a sodium channel. Science 342, 428–429.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bray, G.A., Tartaglia, L.A., 2000. Medicinal strategies in the treatment of obesity. Nature 404, 672–677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Head, J.N., Melosh, H.J., Ivanov, B.A., 2002. Martian meteorite launch: high-speed ejecta from small craters. Science 298, 1752–1756.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huxley, A., Rodiere, P., Paul, D.M., van Dijk N, Cubitt, R., Flouquet, J., 2000. Realignment of the flux-line lattice by a change in the symmetry of superconductivity in UPt3. Nature 406, 160–164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sestina, J.E., 2016. Planning a Successful Future. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rizos, C., Willis, P. (Eds.), 2014. Earth on the Edge: Science for a Sustainable Planet: Proceedings of the IAG General Assembly, Melbourne, Australia, June 28 - July 2, 2011, International Association of Geodesy Symposia. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zalba, P.E., Morosi, M.E., Conconi, M.S., 2016. Olavarría County, in: Morosi, M.E., Conconi, M.S. (Eds.), Gondwana Industrial Clays: Tandilia System, Argentina-Geology and Applications, Springer Earth System Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 107–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Research in Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. This May Be The First Failed Supernova We’ve Ever Found [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain (No. GAO-07-910T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoettler, M.R., 2017. A Publish-Subscribe Framework for Embedded Systems: Simplifying the Development Process (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. Climate Deal Called Too Weak to Meet Goals. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bray and Tartaglia, 2000; Lewin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bray and Tartaglia, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Huxley et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleResearch in Economics
AbbreviationRes. Econ.
ISSN (print)1090-9443
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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