How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chatenoud, L. (2014). Immunology. Teaching the immune system “self” respect and tolerance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1343–1344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong, S. Y., & Kalnay, E. (2000). Role of sea surface temperature and soil-moisture feedback in the 1998 Oklahoma-Texas drought. Nature, 408(6814), 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deecke, V. B., Slater, P. J. B., & Ford, J. K. B. (2002). Selective habituation shapes acoustic predator recognition in harbour seals. Nature, 420(6912), 171–173.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boehr, D. D., McElheny, D., Dyson, H. J., & Wright, P. E. (2006). The dynamic energy landscape of dihydrofolate reductase catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5793), 1638–1642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, H., & Li, G. (2006). OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Qian, H. (2011). Intelligent Surveillance Systems (X. Wu & Y. Xu, Eds.; Vol. 51). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Waltman, L., & Yan, E. (2014). PageRank-Related Methods for Analyzing Citation Networks. In Y. Ding, R. Rousseau, & D. Wolfram (Eds.), Measuring Scholarly Impact: Methods and Practice (pp. 83–100). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 28). What Do Tree Rings Sound Like When Played Like A Record? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). USDA Information Management: Extensive Improvements Needed in Managing Information Technology Investments (T-AIMD-97-90). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Obidos, C. (2015). Attitudes toward and knowledge of advance directives: A quantitative study [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer, E., & Otis, J. (2017, October 14). Tradition of Helping Neediest Cases Inspires Readers to Give Back. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chatenoud, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chatenoud, 2014; Hong & Kalnay, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hong & Kalnay, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Deecke et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Boehr et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Methodology
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1350-178X
ISSN (online)1469-9427
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles