How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venkitaraman, A. R. (2014). Cancer suppression by the chromosome custodians, BRCA1 and BRCA2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6178), 1470–1475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monk, J., & Palsson, B. O. (2014). Genetics. Predicting microbial growth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6191), 1448–1449.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bleichert, F., Botchan, M. R., & Berger, J. M. (2015). Crystal structure of the eukaryotic origin recognition complex. Nature, 519(7543), 321–326.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yin, P., Choi, H. M. T., Calvert, C. R., & Pierce, N. A. (2008). Programming biomolecular self-assembly pathways. Nature, 451(7176), 318–322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh, P. (2016). Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Almeida, F., Blesa Aguilera, M. J., Blum, C., Moreno Vega, J. M., Pérez Pérez, M., Roli, A., & Sampels, M. (Eds.). (2006). Hybrid Metaheuristics: Third International Workshop, HM 2006 Gran Canaria, Spain, October 13-14, 2006 Proceedings (Vol. 4030). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, P.-C., & Kim, Y.-C. (2016). The Determinants of Strategy Formulation and Change in Foreign Subsidiaries and Their Functional Units. In Y.-C. Kim (Ed.), US Firms’ Business Competence in the Taiwanese IT Industry (pp. 135–181). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 16). New Study Suggests There Are Health Benefits To Conservation Policies. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Need for a Government-Wide Budget Classification Structure for Federal Research and Development Information, Appendix IV (PAD-77-14A). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strickland, K. C. (2012). A historical analysis of the AIDS epidemic in South Africa [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2010, October 3). Burgers With Attitude. New York Times, NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Venkitaraman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Monk & Palsson, 2014; Venkitaraman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monk & Palsson, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Bleichert et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yin et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Methodology
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1350-178X
ISSN (online)1469-9427
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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