How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elser, J. J. (2011). Geochemistry. A world awash with nitrogen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6062), 1504–1505.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg, C., & Stenmark, H. (2009). The ESCRT machinery in endosomal sorting of ubiquitylated membrane proteins. Nature, 458(7237), 445–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luce, C. H., Abatzoglou, J. T., & Holden, Z. A. (2013). The missing mountain water: slower westerlies decrease orographic enhancement in the Pacific Northwest USA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6164), 1360–1364.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, L., Gibson, P., Currle, D. S., Tong, Y., Richardson, R. J., Bayazitov, I. T., … Gilbertson, R. J. (2009). Prominin 1 marks intestinal stem cells that are susceptible to neoplastic transformation. Nature, 457(7229), 603–607.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Clark, G. (2014). The Making of a World City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sidorov, G., & Galicia-Haro, S. N. (Eds.). (2015). Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 14th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2015, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, October 25-31, 2015, Proceedings, Part I (1st ed. 2015, Vol. 9413). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wattanapruttipaisan, T. (2015). The Topology of ASEAN FTAs, with Special Reference to IP-Related Provisions. In C. Antons & R. M. Hilty (Eds.), Intellectual Property and Free Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region (pp. 109–152). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Methodology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, March 12). Largest Ever Yellow Hypergiant Star Spotted. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles (No. LCD-75-421). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meng, W. (2014). Synthesis and design of microwave wideband filters and components (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, October 21). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; CLINTON IS LEERY OF PREMATURE JOY. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elser, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Elser, 2011; Raiborg & Stenmark, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raiborg & Stenmark, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Luce, Abatzoglou, & Holden, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Methodology
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1350-178X
ISSN (online)1469-9427
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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