How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aguzzi, A. (2005). Cell biology. Prion toxicity: all sail and no anchor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5727), 1420–1421.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jennings, M. D., & Pavitt, G. D. (2010). eIF5 has GDI activity necessary for translational control by eIF2 phosphorylation. Nature, 465(7296), 378–381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryu, H.-W., Park, C.-W., & Ryu, K.-Y. (2014). Disruption of polyubiquitin gene Ubb causes dysregulation of neural stem cell differentiation with premature gliogenesis. Scientific Reports, 4, 7026.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Roy, R., Kozlov, A. G., Lohman, T. M., & Ha, T. (2009). SSB protein diffusion on single-stranded DNA stimulates RecA filament formation. Nature, 461(7267), 1092–1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peca, S. P. (2009). Real Estate Development and Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Irvin-Erickson, D., & Phan, P. C. (Eds.). (2016). Violence, Religion, Peacemaking. Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Greiner, W., & Reinhardt, J. (2009). The Scattering Matrix in Higher Orders. In J. Reinhardt (Ed.), Quantum Electrodynamics (pp. 255–328). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2014, November 18). Incredible Optical Illusion Tattoo. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). SSA Services to Employers (HEHS-95-38R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slade, S. W. (2010). The complexity of leading in the 21st century: A case study of a successful charter school in an urban school district [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, July 21). Maître D’ Says “Buona Sera,” but Back Home, It’s “Buenos Días.” New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Aguzzi, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Aguzzi, 2005; Jennings & Pavitt, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jennings & Pavitt, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ryu et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Roy et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Methodology
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Methodol.
ISSN (print)1350-178X
ISSN (online)1469-9427
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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