How to format your references using the Anthropocene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropocene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howat, I., 2010. Journal club. A glaciologist ponders iceberg calving from a safe distance. Nature 466, 799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim-Muller, J.Y., Accili, D., 2011. Cell biology. Selective insulin sensitizers. Science 331, 1529–1531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-C., Ji, Q., 2004. Triassic marine reptiles gave birth to live young. Nature 432, 383–386.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bao, H., Thiemens, M.H., Farquhar, J., Campbell, D.A., Lee, C.C., Heine, K., Loope, D.B., 2000. Anomalous 17O compositions in massive sulphate deposits on the Earth. Nature 406, 176–178.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossner, W., Graubner, C.-A., 2012. Spannbetonbauwerke. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Homburg, C., 2012. Sales Excellence: Systematic Sales Management, Management for Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Wolford, W., Lu, F., Valdivia, G., 2013. Environmental Crisis and the Production of Alternatives: Conservation Practice(s) in the Galapagos Islands, in: Walsh, S.J., Mena, C.F. (Eds.), Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks & Perspectives, Social and Ecological Interactions in the Galapagos Islands. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropocene.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Chimpanzee Cooperation Looks A Lot Like Ours [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Head Start: Increased Percentage of Teachers Nationwide Have Required Degrees, but Better Information on Classroom Teachers’ Qualifications Needed (No. GAO-04-5). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Plaza, J.L., 2012. The Latina/o migrant college student experience (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006. Chocolate And a Touch Of Chic. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howat, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Howat, 2010; Kim-Muller and Accili, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim-Muller and Accili, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropocene
ISSN (print)2213-3054
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Global and Planetary Change

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