How to format your references using the Anthropocene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropocene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mardis, E.R., 2011. A decade’s perspective on DNA sequencing technology. Nature 470, 198–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monk, B.C., Goffeau, A., 2008. Outwitting multidrug resistance to antifungals. Science 321, 367–369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butler, M.A., Sawyer, S.A., Losos, J.B., 2007. Sexual dimorphism and adaptive radiation in Anolis lizards. Nature 447, 202–205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Corrège, T., Gagan, M.K., Beck, J.W., Burr, G.S., Cabioch, G., Le Cornec, F., 2004. Interdecadal variation in the extent of South Pacific tropical waters during the Younger Dryas event. Nature 428, 927–929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goudon, T., 2016. Mathematics for Modeling and Scientific Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Adler, B. (Ed.), 2015. Leptospira and Leptospirosis, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fröhlich, J., Wachsmuth, I., 2014. Combining Multi-Sensory Stimuli in Virtual Worlds – A Progress Report, in: Shumaker, R., Lackey, S. (Eds.), Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality. Designing and Developing Virtual and Augmented Environments: 6th International Conference, VAMR 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 44–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropocene.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Meet the New Blue and Purple Crayfish from Indonesia [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Department of Transportation: Experts Identified Areas for Operational Improvements without Implementing Organizational Changes (No. GAO-17-478). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Talice, K.W., 2017. An Assessment of Veterans Affairs Healthcare Leadership Competencies (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2012. Silent Partners No Longer. New York Times E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mardis, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mardis, 2011; Monk and Goffeau, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monk and Goffeau, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Corrège et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropocene
ISSN (print)2213-3054
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Global and Planetary Change

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