How to format your references using the Anthropocene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropocene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler, A., 2000. NATIONAL SECURITY: Relief, Rebukes Follow Agreement on Lee. Science 289, 1851–1853.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kruse, E., Agol, E., 2014. KOI-3278: a self-lensing binary star system. Science 344, 275–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villar, G., Graham, A.D., Bayley, H., 2013. A tissue-like printed material. Science 340, 48–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
González-José, R., Escapa, I., Neves, W.A., Cúneo, R., Pucciarelli, H.M., 2008. Cladistic analysis of continuous modularized traits provides phylogenetic signals in Homo evolution. Nature 453, 775–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, W., 2009. Making RTI Work. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Zhou, M.-M. (Ed.), 2015. Histone Recognition. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Menon, P.G., Adhyapak, S.M., Parachuri, V.R., 2014. Analysis of Cardiac MRI Based Regional Timing of Left Ventricular Mechanical Contraction as a Biomarker for Electrical Dyssynchrony in Heart-Failure Patients, in: Zhang, Y.J., Tavares, J.M.R.S. (Eds.), Computational Modeling of Objects Presented in Images. Fundamentals, Methods, and Applications: 4th International Conference, CompIMAGE 2014, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, September 3-5, 2014, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 48–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropocene.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Male Java Sparrows Drop The Beat [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: FBI Needs to Complete Business Continuity Plans (No. AIMD-00-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henning, J.N., 2014. Top ten effective community college board trustees self-perceived leadership attributes (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lawler, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kruse and Agol, 2014; Lawler, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kruse and Agol, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (González-José et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropocene
ISSN (print)2213-3054
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Global and Planetary Change

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