How to format your references using the Anthropocene citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Anthropocene. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halliwell, B., 2003. Plasma antioxidants: health benefits of eating chocolate? Nature 426, 787; discussion 788.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobson, D.P., Brodholt, J.P., 2005. Subducted banded iron formations as a source of ultralow-velocity zones at the core-mantle boundary. Nature 434, 371–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bar-Yam, Y., Harmon, D., de Bivort, B., 2009. Systems biology. Attractors and democratic dynamics. Science 323, 1016–1017.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sharma, S., Kumar, S.K., Buldyrev, S.V., Debenedetti, P.G., Rossky, P.J., Stanley, H.E., 2013. A coarse-grained protein model in a water-like solvent. Sci. Rep. 3, 1841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fong, A.C.M., Hui, S.C., 2006. Multimedia Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, England.
An edited book
Imhoff, A.B., Beitzel, K., Stamer, K., Klein, E., Mazzocca, G. (Eds.), 2016. Rehabilitation in Orthopedic Surgery, 2nd ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Eaton, G.R., Eaton, S.S., Barr, D.P., Weber, R.T., 2010. A More in Depth Look at the EPR Signal Response, in: Eaton, S.S., Barr, D.P., Weber, R.T. (Eds.), Quantitative EPR: A Practitioners Guide. Springer, Vienna, pp. 37–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Anthropocene.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Mike Pence, The US Vice President-Elect, Has Said He Doesn’t Believe That Smoking Kills [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: U.S. Postal Service Needs to Strengthen System Acquisition and Management Capabilities to Improve Its Intelligent Mail Full Service Program (No. GAO-10-145). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fleming, T.C., 2015. The Academic Identity Experience of Liberal Arts Faculty in the Age of New Managerialism (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2010. Burgers With Attitude. New York Times NJ9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halliwell, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dobson and Brodholt, 2005; Halliwell, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dobson and Brodholt, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharma et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnthropocene
ISSN (print)2213-3054
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Global and Planetary Change

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