How to format your references using the Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Coffman RL. Immunology. The origin of TH2 responses. Science. 2010;328:1116–1117.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dasgupta PS, Ehrlich PR. Pervasive externalities at the population, consumption, and environment nexus. Science. 2013;340:324–328.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Casanova-Sáez R, Candela H, Micol JL. Combined haploinsufficiency and purifying selection drive retention of RPL36a paralogs in Arabidopsis. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:4122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Li L, Tu F, Jin L, et al. Polarity continuation and frustration in ZnSe nanospirals. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:7447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Wootton RJ, Smith C. Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Bronner F, Farach-Carson MC, editors. Bone and Osteoarthritis. London: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Higgott R. Economic Multilateralism: A Search for Legitimacy and Coherence in the Early Twenty-first Century. In: Telò M, editor. State, Globalization and Multilateralism: The challenges of institutionalizing regionalism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 61–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Why Is Italy Experiencing So Many Earthquakes At The Moment? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/why-italy-experiencing-so-many-earthquakes/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000. Report No.: RCED-00-164. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kennedy KT. A Heuristic Study of Religious Spirituality and Meaningful Work [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Saslow L. Economy and All, Budgets Sail Through. New York Times. 2008 May 25;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Respiratory Medicine
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Respir. Med.
ISSN (print)1747-6348
ISSN (online)1747-6356
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles