How to format your references using the Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yutzey KE. Regenerative biology: Neuregulin 1 makes heart muscle. Nature. 2015;520:445–446.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer PI, Smith MJ. Earth systems: Model human adaptation to climate change. Nature. 2014;512:365–366.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stinchcombe J, Bossi G, Griffiths GM. Linking albinism and immunity: the secrets of secretory lysosomes. Science. 2004;305:55–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Das DK, Makhal K, Bandyopadhyay SN, et al. Direct observation of coherent oscillations in solution due to microheterogeneous environment. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:6097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shreves R. Joomla!® Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Zsidisin GA, Ritchie B, editors. Supply Chain Risk: A Handbook of Assessment, Management, and Performance. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Kozlovics S. Models and Model Transformations Within Web Applications. In: Arnicans G, Arnicane V, Borzovs J, et al., editors. Databases and Information Systems: 12th International Baltic Conference, DB&IS 2016, Riga, Latvia, July 4-6, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew D. Worried About Shark Attacks Or Terrorism? Here’s How To Think About The Real Risk Of Rare Events [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Research: Perspectives on FAA’s Efforts to Develop New Technology. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995. Report No.: T-RCED-95-193. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chahine J. Social workers’ perceptions of individuals who use drugs and alcohol problematically [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Nielsen Tackles a Mystery: Netflix Ratings. New York Times. 2017 Oct 18;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleExpert Review of Respiratory Medicine
AbbreviationExpert Rev. Respir. Med.
ISSN (print)1747-6348
ISSN (online)1747-6356
ScopeImmunology and Allergy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Other styles