How to format your references using the Reproductive Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.P. Dudukovic, Frontiers in reactor engineering, Science. 325 (2009) 698–701.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.D. Berndt, R.T. Moon, Cell biology. Making a point with Wnt signals, Science. 339 (2013) 1388–1389.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Piana, M. Reyhani, J.D. Gale, Simulating micrometre-scale crystal growth from solution, Nature. 438 (2005) 70–73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Dong, X. Wei, F. Zhang, J. Hao, F. Huang, C. Zhang, W. Liang, A dual character of flavonoids in influenza A virus replication and spread through modulating cell-autonomous immunity by MAPK signaling pathways, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7237.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.M. Zneimer, Cytogenetic Abnormalities, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, 2014.
An edited book
F. Crestani, P. Ferragina, M. Sanderson, eds., String Processing and Information Retrieval: 13th International Conference, SPIRE 2006, Glasgow, UK, October 11-13, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
C.C. Guo, C.K. Moore, Infection and Inflammatory Disorders, in: D.E. Hansel, J.K. McKenney, A.J. Stephenson, S.S. Chang (Eds.), The Urinary Tract: A Comprehensive Guide to Patient Diagnosis and Management, Springer, New York, NY, 2012: pp. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Toxicology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Doctors Pull Live Cricket Out Of Man’s Ear, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA’s Efforts to Address Them, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.A. Oliva, Technological mediation: The implications of technology on the human experience, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A.T. Crane, G. Hay, All Is Sparkly For Tiffany, New York Times. (2010) B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Toxicology
AbbreviationReprod. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0890-6238

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