How to format your references using the Reproductive Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.R. McNamara, Astronomy. Feedback on galaxy formation, Science. 341 (2013) 1073–1075.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Szolnoki, M. Perc, Defection and extortion as unexpected catalysts of unconditional cooperation in structured populations, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5496.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. Chen, O. Zhuchenko, A. Kuspa, Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba, Science. 317 (2007) 678–681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Konstantatos, I. Howard, A. Fischer, S. Hoogland, J. Clifford, E. Klem, L. Levina, E.H. Sargent, Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors, Nature. 442 (2006) 180–183.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I.W. Donald, Waste Immobilization in Glass and Ceramic Based Hosts, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
E. Spiro, Y.-Y. Ahn, eds., Social Informatics: 8th International Conference, SocInfo 2016, Bellevue, WA, USA, November 11-14, 2016, Proceedings, Part II, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Tosin, Kinetic Equations and Stochastic Game Theory for Social Systems, in: A. Celletti, U. Locatelli, T. Ruggeri, E. Strickland (Eds.), Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 37–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Toxicology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, What Causes Cerebral Palsy And Can It Be Prevented?, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Status of Airports’ Efforts to Deal with Date Change Problem, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Seegmiller Renner, Empathy Development Through Role Modeling: A Qualitative Study of Instructor Experiences, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, A New Owner Makes A Winning Impression, New York Times. (2010) B20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Toxicology
AbbreviationReprod. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0890-6238

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