How to format your references using the Reproductive Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Reproductive Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Veltman, Genesis of a high-tech hub, Nature. 426 (2003) 700–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Schlapbach, A. Züttel, Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications, Nature. 414 (2001) 353–358.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Tibi, D.A. Wiens, H. Inoue, Remote triggering of deep earthquakes in the 2002 Tonga sequences, Nature. 424 (2003) 921–925.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Wang, Y. Zhang, C. Yang, H. Xiong, Y. Lin, J. Yao, H. Li, L. Xie, W. Zhao, Y. Yao, Z.-B. Ning, R. Zeng, Y. Xiong, K.-L. Guan, S. Zhao, G.-P. Zhao, Acetylation of metabolic enzymes coordinates carbon source utilization and metabolic flux, Science. 327 (2010) 1004–1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.A. Powsner, M.R. Palmer, E.R. Powsner, Essentials of Nuclear Medicine Physics and Instrumentation, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
J.C. Linton, L. James, eds., Handbook of Obesity Intervention for the Lifespan, Springer, New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Chesney, J. Gheyssens, L. Taschini, The Finance of Environmental Investments, in: J. Gheyssens, L. Taschini (Eds.), Environmental Finance and Investments, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 93–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Reproductive Toxicology.

Blog post
B. Taub, Ruby Seadragon Has Been Seen In The Wild For The First Time, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Acquisitions: Acquisition Management Continues to Improve but Challenges Persist for Current and Future Programs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.N. Hong, A Diastereomeric Strategy in the Construction of Homochiral Metal-Organic Architectures, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Robinson, The Little Battles We Must Win, New York Times. (2008) WK9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleReproductive Toxicology
AbbreviationReprod. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0890-6238

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