How to format your references using the International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Forrest SR. The path to ubiquitous and low-cost organic electronic appliances on plastic. Nature 2004; 428(6986):911–918.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Hopkins R, Rausher MD. Identification of two genes causing reinforcement in the Texas wildflower Phlox drummondii. Nature 2011; 469(7330):411–414.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Baran PS, Maimone TJ, Richter JM. Total synthesis of marine natural products without using protecting groups. Nature 2007; 446(7134):404–408.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Akondy RS, Fitch M, Edupuganti S, Yang S, Kissick HT, Li KW, Youngblood BA, Abdelsamed HA, McGuire DJ, Cohen KW, Alexe G, Nagar S, McCausland MM, Gupta S, Tata P, Haining WN, McElrath MJ, Zhang D, Hu B, Greenleaf WJ, Goronzy JJ, Mulligan MJ, Hellerstein M, Ahmed R. Origin and differentiation of human memory CD8 T cells after vaccination. Nature 2017; 552(7685):362–367.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Devolder P, Janssen J, Manca R. Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
1
Tanaka K, Berto F, Mares E, Paoli F (eds.). Paraconsistency: Logic and Applications. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Shevah O, Laron Z. Genetic Aspects. In: Laron Z, Kopchick J (eds). Laron Syndrome - From Man to Mouse: Lessons from Clinical and Experimental Experience. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp 29–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications.

Blog post
1
Taub B. Flesh-Eating Parasite Returns To The US, Half A Century After Being Eradicated. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/flesh-eating-parasite-returns-us-half-century-after-being-eradicated/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Fischer BC. Toward Understanding Resonant Volcanic Seismic Signals: Modelling Bubbly Flow in Magma. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
Kanter J. Europe’s Leaders Aim to Slow Migration on Dangerous Sea Route From Africa. New York Times. 2017; : A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
AbbreviationInt. J. Circuit Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0098-9886
ISSN (online)1097-007X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Applied Mathematics

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