How to format your references using the International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloodworth A. Resources: Track flows to manage technology-metal supply. Nature 2014; 505(7481):19–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrington JC, Ambros V. Role of microRNAs in plant and animal development. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003; 301(5631):336–338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chávez AE, Singer JH, Diamond JS. Fast neurotransmitter release triggered by Ca influx through AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Nature 2006; 443(7112):705–708.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Falkowski PG, Katz ME, Knoll AH, Quigg A, Raven JA, Schofield O, Taylor FJR. The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2004; 305(5682):354–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perera AH, Buse LJ. Ecology of Wildfire Residuals in Boreal Forests. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
Baumle AK (ed.). International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuboň V, Lopatková M. Word-Order Analysis Based Upon Treebank Data. In: Sidorov G, Galicia-Haro SN (eds). Advances in Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing: 14th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2015, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, October 25-31, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015, pp 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications.

Blog post
Carpineti A. The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management Systems: Experience with Prior Migration and Modernization Efforts Provides Lessons Learned for New Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Han B. Mechanistic Consequences of Cardiac Oxidative Stress. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. August Wilson’s Pittsburgh. New York Times. 2017; : TR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
AbbreviationInt. J. Circuit Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0098-9886
ISSN (online)1097-007X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Applied Mathematics

Other styles