How to format your references using the International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mann D. Geomorphology. On patterned ground. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2003; 299(5605):354–355.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zuber MT, Garrick-Bethell I. Planetary science. What do we need to know to land on the Moon again? Science (New York, N.Y.) 2005; 310(5750):983–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiser U, Schwarz A, Wiesendanger R. Magnetic exchange force microscopy with atomic resolution. Nature 2007; 446(7135):522–525.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruano MA, Lopez-Bonet E, Buxó M, Tuca-Rodríguez F, Vila-Camps E, Alvarez E, Martin-Castillo B, Menendez JA. An improved axillary staging system using the OSNA assay does not modify the therapeutic management of breast cancer patients. Scientific reports 2014; 4:5743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Turner JR, Durham TA. Integrated Cardiac Safety: Assessment Methodologies for Noncardiac Drugs in Discovery, Development, and Postmarketing Surveillance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
Romano L, Fulciniti S, Silva M (eds.). Anatomia TC multidetettore — Body. Springer: Milano, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Briker Y, Ring Z, Yang H. Integrated Methodology for Characterization of Petroleum Samples and Its Application for Refinery Product Quality Modeling. In: Hsu CS, Robinson PR (eds). Practical Advances in Petroleum Processing. Springer: New York, NY, 2006, pp 117–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications.

Blog post
Evans K. Most People Would Rather Live Spoiler-Free Than Know The Future. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Selection, Negotiation, and Award of Certain Contracts, NASA. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1969.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Backfish M. Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab’s Main Injector. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Longman J. Reversal Of Course, Burst Of Emotions. New York Times. 2012; : D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
AbbreviationInt. J. Circuit Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0098-9886
ISSN (online)1097-007X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Applied Mathematics

Other styles