How to format your references using the International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rourke D. The science of sustainable supply chains. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2014; 344(6188):1124–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dezhina I, Graham LR. Research funding. Science foundations: a novelty in Russian science. Science (New York, N.Y.) 2005; 310(5755):1772–1773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen Y, Knoll AH, Walter MR. Evidence for low sulphate and anoxia in a mid-Proterozoic marine basin. Nature 2003; 423(6940):632–635.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yukimoto N, Tsutsui M, He Y, Shintaku H, Tanaka S, Kawano S, Kawai T, Taniguchi M. Tracking single-particle dynamics via combined optical and electrical sensing. Scientific reports 2013; 3:1855.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kusumoto F. Understanding Intracardiac EGMs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
Kumar A, Zhang D (eds.). Ethics and Policy of Biometrics: Third International Conference on Ethics and Policy of Biometrics and International Data Sharing, ICEB 2010, Hong Kong, January 4-5, 2010. Revised Papers. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Li G, Zhang X-A, Wang H, Wang X, Meng C-L, Chan C-Y, Yew DTW, Tsang KS, Li K, Tsai S-N, Ngai S-M, Han ZC, Lin MC-M, He M-L, Kung H-F. Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from Human Bone Marrow, Umbilical Cord and Placenta: Implication in the Migration. In: Rhim JS, Kremer R (eds). Human Cell Transformation: Role of Stem Cells and the Microenvironment. Springer: New York, NY, 2012, pp 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications.

Blog post
Luntz S. The Origins Of The World’s Most Powerful Ocean Current Revealed. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Projects: Status and Remaining Challenges of the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Helgoe CA. The impact of federal policy on teachers’ use of science manipulatives: A survey of teacher philosophy and practices. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. The Neediest Cases; Chasing Her Dream Through Education. New York Times. 1995; : 126.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
AbbreviationInt. J. Circuit Theory Appl.
ISSN (print)0098-9886
ISSN (online)1097-007X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Applied Mathematics

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