How to format your references using the EPJ Quantum Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Quantum Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Offringa R. Cancer. Cancer immunotherapy is more than a numbers game. Science. 2006;314:68–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gorostiza P, Isacoff EY. Optical switches for remote and noninvasive control of cell signaling. Science. 2008;322:395–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yu Y-TN, Yuan X, Velicer GJ. Adaptive evolution of an sRNA that controls Myxococcus development. Science. 2010;328:993.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. de Bono M, Tobin DM, Davis MW, Avery L, Bargmann CI. Social feeding in Caenorhabditis elegans is induced by neurons that detect aversive stimuli. Nature. 2002;419:899–903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gao J. Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Bica I, Reyhanitabar R, editors. Innovative Security Solutions for Information Technology and Communications: 9th International Conference, SECITC 2016, Bucharest, Romania, June 9-10, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Newcombe DS. Uric Acid Metabolism in Humans. In: Robinson DR, editor. Gout: Basic Science and Clinical Practice. London: Springer; 2013. p. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Quantum Technology.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. “Lucy” May Have Lived Alongside Several Of Her Evolutionary Cousins In Ancient Africa [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/lucy-may-have-lived-alongside-several-of-her-evolutionary-cousins-in-ancient-africa/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Impact of Loan Limit Increases on College Prices Is Difficult to Discern. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Feb. Report No.: GAO-14-7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bujarbarua V. Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker P. Leaving Stress As More Waits In Trip Abroad. New York Times. 2017 May 19;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Quantum Technology
AbbreviationEPJ Quantum Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-0763
Scope

Other styles