How to format your references using the EPJ Quantum Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Quantum Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Peoples LL. Neuroscience. Will, anterior cingulate cortex, and addiction. Science. 2002;296:1623–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nechiporuk A, Raible DW. FGF-dependent mechanosensory organ patterning in zebrafish. Science. 2008;320:1774–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wahl ER, Ritson DM, Ammann CM. Comment on “Reconstructing past climate from noisy data.” Science. 2006;312:529; author reply 529.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium, Data analysis group, Partner working group, Sample collections—Angola:, Burkina Faso:, Cameroon:, et al. Genetic diversity of the African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Nature. 2017;552:96–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wolf KH, Barnes R. VoIP Emergency Calling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Sidin S, Manrai AK, editors. Proceedings of the 1997 World Marketing Congress. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Fu X, Zhao C, Zhang S, Wang X. Modeling and Simulation of Electricity Markets under Different Environmental Policies. In: Xiao T, Zhang L, Ma S, editors. System Simulation and Scientific Computing: International Conference, ICSC 2012, Shanghai, China, October 27-30, 2012 Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 34–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Quantum Technology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Space Geckos May Be Safe After All As Russia Regains Control Of Sex Satellite [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/space-geckos-may-be-safe-after-all-russia-regains-control-sex-satellite/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Force Stock Fund: Hydrazine Sales Consistent with the Commercial Space Launch Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 May. Report No.: NSIAD-91-196.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rountree BL. Theory and practice of dynamic voltage /frequency scaling in the high performance computing environment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Green LV. Beds of State. New York Times. 2006 Dec 10;1413.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Quantum Technology
AbbreviationEPJ Quantum Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-0763
Scope

Other styles