How to format your references using the EPJ Quantum Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EPJ Quantum Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McGlone M. Paleontology. The hunters did it. Science. 2012;335:1452–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Anderson AK, Phelps EA. Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events. Nature. 2001;411:305–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Tobie G, Lunine JI, Sotin C. Episodic outgassing as the origin of atmospheric methane on Titan. Nature. 2006;440:61–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chia N-Y, Chan Y-S, Feng B, Lu X, Orlov YL, Moreau D, et al. A genome-wide RNAi screen reveals determinants of human embryonic stem cell identity. Nature. 2010;468:316–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Koch SN, Torres SMF, Plumb DC. Canine and Feline Dermatology Drug Handbook. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Bertoni G, Coron J-S, editors. Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems - CHES 2013: 15th International Workshop, Santa Barbara, CA, USA, August 20-23, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nagata Y, Bräysy O. Efficient Local Search Limitation Strategies for Vehicle Routing Problems. In: Hemert J van, Cotta C, editors. Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 8th European Conference, EvoCOP 2008, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EPJ Quantum Technology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Dear parents, you are being lied to [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/dear-parents-you-are-being-lied/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System Modernization: Observations on Potential Funding Options for FAA and the Next Generation Airspace System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Sep. Report No.: GAO-06-1114T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wonnacott CJ. Ambiguity in Theory and Neutrality in Practice: The Allied Intervention and the American Expeditionary Force in Siberia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; CLINTON AND BUSH IN A SPRINT AS RACE FOR WHITE HOUSE ENDS. New York Times. 1992 Nov 3;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEPJ Quantum Technology
AbbreviationEPJ Quantum Technol.
ISSN (online)2196-0763
Scope

Other styles